1883: Scotland Yard takes over publication of Police Gazette from Bow Street Court. The publication which was sent to magistrates throughout the country was published by Bow Street court and had been started by the blind magistrate Sir John Fielding under the title Weekly or Extraordinary Pursuit. It was the first document that listed crimes, stolen property, and criminals against who warrants had been issued.

In 1786, under Sir Sampson Wright, later a chief magistrate at Bow Street, it was expanded, improved upon, and given the title The Weekly Hue and Cry. In 1828 it became the Police Gazette but not until 1883 did Scotland Yard assume responsibility for the revised publication with photographs of the wanted criminals.

1884, January: Rent allowance was paid for the first time. Men had to pay rent previous to this; frequently the chief constable who acted as landlord with rent was deducted from pay.90

1884: Alice Ellen North aged twenty two appeared at the Central Criminal Court indicted for murder, 7th January 1884 and charged on the Coroner's Inquisition with, the wilful murder of Elizabeth Emily North, Lightwater Bridge, - not guilty. ... more details

1884, 21 April: Central Criminal Court: Eli Dumbrell aged twenty eight and Charles Fairman aged twenty two for robbery on James Bishop, and stealing from his person a watch and chain, his property, and beating and striking and using other personal violence ... more details

1884, 20 October: Central Criminal Court: James Taylor, forty two years of age: Burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Edward Harbord Lushington, and stealing therein a spirit case and labels, a seal, a locket, and other articles, his property; Second Count, feloniously receiving the same. ... more

1884, 20 October: Central Criminal Court: Robert Currier aged sixty was indicted for setting fire to a shed in the possession of George Barnard, with intent to injure. Second Count: setting fire to a stack of straw and ... more a stack of pea haulm.

1885, 12 January: GO 326: Two constables were promoted for arresting a night poacher.91

1885, 14 December: Central Criminal Court: Robert Atherton Churchill, Manslaughter of Robert Lamb. ... more

1886, 2 August: GO 333: Egham Races: The chief constable had decided no police were to be deployed on the race course but he had concerns over disorder in Egham and district over extended hours, on into the night. Instructions were given to raise a force of police for the town of not less than twenty constables under the command of a superintendent with Inspector Collis and Sergeant Crook to preserve order in Egham.92

1886, 16 February: GO 334: Following the opening by the Queen of the Royal Holloway College a gratuity of £20 had been received from Mr Martin Holloway in recognition of the excellent work undertaken that day by the police.93

1887, 6 January: The Times: A verdict of wilful murder against persons unknown was returned yesterday following the death of a gamekeeper name Roker shot by poachers at Clandon. Three men have been apprehended on suspicion by Surrey Police and they have a clue to another person who was in the party and is believed to have fired the fatal shot.

1887: Central Criminal Court: Annie Cherry aged 21, infanticide, 23rd May 1887 Leatherhead, was indicted for the wilful murder of a certain female child born of her body and not named. She was also charged on the Coroner's Inquisition with murder. ... more

1888: Godalming Borough police amalgamate with the Surrey Constabulary. There was a Borough Police 1836-1851 and 1857-1888.

1888, 9 January: Central Criminal Court: Henry Bowles aged fifty three was indicted for, and charged on the Coroner's Inquisition with, the wilful murder of Hannah Bowles, Camberley. ... more

188,8 1 March: The Scotsman: Prize Fighting: At the Chertsey Court yesterday Charles Mitchell the well known professional pugilist was summoned for having at Pyrford or elsewhere agreed to fight a prize fight with John L Sullivan, the American pugilist. Defendant appeared personally accompanied by Charles Powell and Jake Kilrain. Superintendent Bungard of the Surrey Constabulary, the complainant, deposed that he had reason to believe the defendant contemplated a breach of the peace. Evidence was given that the defendant had been in training at Pyrford three weeks. Defendant said he had no intention of breaking the peace in England. He was bound over in £200 and two sureties £200 each – the bond was for the whole of England.

PC 63 William Tribe Horley 1873-1893

PC 63 William Tribe of Horley

1889, 4 January: The Times: Surrey Sessions before Sir William Hardman: James Edwards aged forty three a labourer was indicted for night poaching and further with assaulting James Scholey an assistant gamekeeper at Wooton near Dorking ... more details

1889, 10 January: The Times: At Godalming Court on Monday: Ebenezer Samuel Weatcroft Jenkins – he had assumed the name Wheatcroft – set up as an artist in Godalming. On Christmas Day he drew up a document promising to marry Emily Joy. ... more details

1889, 1 April: GO 344: Godalming Borough police was incorporated within the Surrey Constabulary, the head constable Turner becoming a sergeant and the two constables being accepted in the county police.98

(Constables William Franks, Joseph Shakespeare) Sergeant Turner will be allowed to reside in the police station for the present and will be allowed to retain the offices of Inspector of Nuisances in the Borough of Godalming as well as any other which he has hitherto held provided they do not in any way interfere with his ordinary police duties as Sergeant which must take precedence of everything else.

He will be allowed the sum of £10 a year for gas for his own and the constable's residences adjoining and he is to distinctly understand that he will have to pay himself for whatever quantity of gas may be consumed in excess of that account.99

George Turner, who was forty six, declined to accept the appointment of sergeant and performed no duty after 22 April 1889. William Franks was sixty one, a local man from Witley served in the Surrey Constabulary until June that year before retiring on a superannuation of £32.10 shillings. Shakespeare was forty years of age and took the collar number 149 but retired on ill health in November 1899 after service at a number of stations.

1889: Instructions for the Guidance of the Surrey Constabulary: The guidance on how to deal with crime is replicated from the 1862 Issue of Instructions for the Guidance of the Surrey Constabulary. ... more details

1889, 28 December: GO 348: Rabies (Muzzling of Dogs) Order – not to be too strictly enforced in the first instance.100

1890, 10 November: GO 351: Special promotion for a constable following the arrest of a burglar and recovery of property at Ockley.101

1890, 24 November: Central Criminal Court: Breaking Peace and wounding: William Allen aged fifty two, maliciously wounding William Finch, with intent to resist his lawful apprehension: Second Count: with intent to do him grievous bodily harm. ... more details

1891, 12 January: Central Criminal Court: Eva Mary Lonnen aged twenty four, for the wilful murder of Arthur Edward Lonnen at Ash. Guilty, but insane: to be detained till Her Majesty's pleasure be known. ... more details

1890s: Population: The population of the county was growing fast and there were constant requests for more police officers. Racecourses opened at Sandown, Lingfield and Gatwick. The railway had spread all over the county and people were finding it a desirable place to live.

1891, 8 August: The Times: An inquest on Ellen Cox aged 57 found with a wound to the throat in a field at St John’s College, Leatherhead. She was found last Monday and died at Epsom Union on Thursday. The deceased made a statement that she had been assaulted by three young men one of whom afterwards cut her throat. Inspector Woods from Leatherhead arrived at the scene at 7.30 am when the victim said she had been attacked by three or four men who had followed her from the Leg of Mutton at Ashtead. A verdict of: "Wilful murder against a person or persons unknown."

1891, 12 October: The chief constable reported that despite the increase in the cost of living the inspectors and superintendents had no pay rise for nineteen years. In fact they were receiving less because in 1880 they were relieved of their duties as Inspectors of Weights and measures for which they received an allowance.102 At this time superintendents acted as Relieving Officers for the poor and the Dorking superintendent reported that the congestion at his police station by people seeking help was so great the police station could not properly be used and he asked to be relieved of the job.

90 Surrey Constabulary General Orders Book 1 1851-.

91 Surrey Constabulary General Orders Book 1 1851-.

92 Surrey Constabulary General Orders Book 1 1851-.

93 Surrey Constabulary General Orders Book 1 1851-.

98 Surrey Constabulary General Orders Book 1 1851-.

99 Off Beat (1977), (March).

100 Surrey Constabulary General Orders Book 1 1851-.

101 Surrey Constabulary General Orders Book 1 1851-.

102 Durrant, A.J. (1951). A hundred years of the Surrey Constabulary, 1851-1951, p. 20.


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