1892-1901

1892, 6 February: GO 362: Foot and Mouth outbreak. Written in red ink alongside the order is "Very Important".103

1892, 2 July: GO 368: people arrested and remaining in custody are allowed contact with friends and legal advisors and allowed writing materials for this purpose. If the prisoner is foreign contact is to be made with embassy.104

1892, 23 July: GO 371: If a prisoner is committed for trial previous convictions are to be sent to the court and prison.105

1892, 26 November: GO 376: PC Thomas Barber was found drowned in a pond near Redhill on Sunday morning the 20 November. "He had been under the influence of drink for some days previously which no doubt led to the commission of the rash act that terminated his existence."106

1893, June: The Times: Minnie Wells killed two of her children – see 2 November 1894.

1893: Central Criminal Court: Harriett Georgina Amelia Williams aged twenty pleaded guilty to unlawfully endeavouring to conceal the birth of her child by a secret disposition of its dead body and sentenced to three days imprisonment. This case may not have been in the Surrey Constabulary area.

1893: Central Criminal Court: Jane Ann Trelawny Baker aged thirty two pleaded guilty to the manslaughter of Benjamin Baker and sentenced to three days imprisonment. This case may not have been in the Surrey Constabulary area.

1893: The Godalming Division was formed with a population of 21,109 and there were twenty one constables. The Guildford or Headquarters Division had a population of 35,018 and thirty nine constables including eleven stationed at HQ where there were no civilian clerks. Farnham with a population of 24,767 had twenty six constables.107

1894: Chief Constable found a PC at Chertsey trying to write a crime report on a corn-bin in the stables as there was no room in the police station. He asked for an additional room as on pay day men had sometimes to queue in the rain.108

1894, 2 November: The Times: Condemned woman: Minnie Wells now in Newgate Gaol under sentence of death for the murder of her two infant children in June last year had her sentence commuted to life in prison.

1894, 10 December: The Times: Charge of embezzlement: At the Bradford Borough Police Court, Phillip John Woodman the Chief Constable of the Reigate Borough Police and until recently the chief clerk in the Bradford Borough Police was placed in the dock on charges of embezzling monies – about £200 - from Bradford Corporation. He was found guilty and sentenced to five months in prison.

1895, 19 September: Chief Constable’s report to the Surrey Standing Joint Committee pointed out that expenses of the witness in cases where the prisoner was acquitted or sent to prison, had to be paid personally by the police concerned. There were no funds to meet this and the individual officers used to pay the witnesses by a collection amongst themselves.

1895, 23 October: The Chief Constable reported that twenty nine bicycles were in use in the county.109

1895: Cloth capes issued and seen as a great improvement on the oilskin and were very popular,110 as they were on into the 1960s.

1896, December: The Chief Constable mentions for the first time the dangers on the roads of light locomotives and motor cars and thought "Index Numbers should be attached to the cars"

1896, 19 October: Central Criminal Court: William Clements aged eighteen, feloniously placing a piece of iron rail upon the London and South Western Railway, with intent to endanger the safety of persons travelling. Second Count: with intent to injure persons using the railway. ... more

1896, 19 October: Central Criminal Court: William Tickner aged twenty six feloniously sending to Sarah Burgess a letter demanding money with menaces, without any reasonable or probable cause. Second Count: for uttering the same. ... more

1897: Shrove Tuesday football in Dorking: Traders in West and South Streets in Dorking asked the Standing Joint Committee to adopt measures to end the nuisance. Superintendent Page was in charge and reported that he met with Superintendents Alexander and Bryce and with a force of sixty constables did their best to prevent the playing of football.

The ball was kicked off by a member of the Town Council and was then seized by the police. More balls were produced all of which were taken into the possession of the police after a severe struggle. By 5 and 6 o’clock the crowd was increased by a great number of people leaving work, joined in and added to the general confusion.

There was no riot or damage to property. Later in the year fifty two defendants were all convicted of the offence of playing football on Shrove Tuesday to the annoyance of passengers. Eventually they were fined five shillings being unable to produce the charter said to give them the right to play.

1897, 10 March: The Times: Ernest Travers a seaman aged fifty of no fixed abode was charged with the murder of a boy named Ernest Packer by cutting his throat with a table knife, in Langham’s Copse, Godalming on the 8th. A witness was walking in Catteshall Lane when she heard a child’s cries. She scrambled through a hedge where she met some men who said that a man was holding down a child and that he held a knife in his hand.

Police Constable Cheesman was called and said the prisoner was handed to him. The man was lying down close to the naked boy whose throat had been cut. PC Cheesman found a table knife covered in blood, and the prisoner’s hands were also blood stained. Superintendent Collis told the magistrates that the prisoner said he did not kill the child.

Outside Godalming Police Station 1897

Outside Godalming Police Station 1897

1897, 12 March: The Times: At a Coroner's enquiry at Godalming Mr Sparkes JP, said he was drawn to the scene by screams and found the accused by the boy and threatened to shoot him if he moved. Attempts had been made to outrage [rape] the child. There was evidence from the Cambridge Asylum that the accused had been an inmate "suffering from the delusions brought on by the abuse of narcotics." The jury returned a verdict of wilful murder.

1897: Reigate: A constable was wanted for theft of money from the chief constable but ran to Naples where he was detained and an inspector went from Reigate to bring him back.111

1897: Numerous cases of furious riding by cyclists at pains Hill and Tartar Hill, Cobham. Police Sergeant Fletcher of Esher was knocked down and seriously injured in trying to prevent the reckless riding of a cyclist.112

1898, 25 April: Central Criminal Court: Camilla Nicholls was indicted for the manslaughter of Emily Jane Popejoy aged seventeen at Bagshot; Guilty and sentenced to seven years penal servitude. Emily was to live as a servant at a number of residences before moving to live and work in Kensington where her mistress ill treated her. The girl returned home to Bagshot where over Christmas she became very ill and died of her wounds. Nichols was ... more

1898: Shrove Tuesday football in Dorking: PS Campbell severely kicked in the struggle with the crowd and was incapacitated and forced to retire.

1898: The Surrey Standing Joint Committee wrote to the Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police on the 28 July informing him of the intention to establish telephone communication between police stations within the county. A suggestion that the Surrey Constabulary police station at Egham should be connected to the Metropolitan Police at Staines was not met with a great deal of enthusiasm.

The commissioner's views were sought on the proposal and the possible sharing of cost. The superintendent of T Division expressed the view that the system would be of greater value to Surrey than to the Metropolitan Police.

"We very seldom have any occasion to communicate with the county police beyond informing them of previous convictions against prisoners for minor offences but on the other hand Egham police communicate with Staines on all petty offences in the Surrey district, for instance, a coat and vest stolen from Ottershaw six miles outside the Metropolitan Police District they send particulars to us.

It would be for the greater advantage of the Surrey Police who now have to walk of cycle to give us information of their cases."

He recommended that the cost or at least the greater part of any cost, be borne by Surrey, to which the commissioner agreed and consequently the connection did not go ahead.113

1899: Towards the end of the 19th century crime was on the increase and the Force was greatly handicapped by the inability to rapidly communicate information about offenders and their movements. It looked towards the new invention of the telephone to help solve the problem and in 1899 the first telephones were installed in police stations.

1899: after forty eight years as chief constable, Captain Hastings retired aged 86.

1899, 1 September: The new Chief Constable Captain Sant who had been the chief constable in Northumberland was appointed. At that time the force strength was: chief constable, superintendents seven, inspectors eight, sergeants twenty two, and constables one hundred and ninety three making a total of two hundred and thirty one.

1899: GO 442: In future where a constable applies to marry, his application must be accompanied by a recommendation or testimonial from a clergyman, or some responsible person who can guarantee the suitability of the woman whom the constable intends to make his wife.114

1900: Ernest Dyer killed his parents at their Surrey stud farm

1900, 8 June: GP 451: Note: The early part of the 20th century witnessed the development of the motor car and a running battle between the Chief Constable and motoring organisations about speeding drivers and cyclists along with the need for some form of index plate.

The GO: Having given cyclists and motor-car drivers due notice, I am now anxious to take such steps as may be practicable to put an end to the nuisance and danger caused by reckless riders and drivers and show them that the warnings were not idle ones.

I would suggest if possible you place constables (two together, one in uniform and out of sight and one in plain clothes) at intervals so that if any motors are driven too fast or cyclists ride at a dangerous pace, one set of constables could signal to the other to stop the offender. These men should only be placed on points on the road such as villages, hills etc., where rapid travelling would be dangerous, and where there are many inhabitants.115

1901, January: Guildford: Twenty three year old Edith Raggett was arrested on a warrant from the coroner’s inquest for the wilful murder of her child. Raggett was accused of theft and police searched her room and found bloodstained linen and in the lumber room. PC Galloway found a paper parcel and wrapped in a woman’s apron was the body of a newly born baby with a piece of lace knotted tightly around the neck.

A post-mortem showed the cause of death as strangulation and the mother was charged with murder later reduced to concealment of birth and even this charge was not upheld as the jury found her not guilty to an outbreak of applause in the court.116

1901, August: Alfred Heaver died on the 8th August 1901 at Holcombe Cottage, Westcott, near Dorking; he was shot on his way to church. Sunday 4 Aug 1901. ... more

1901, 29 July: Grayshott Village Archives website:117 Oliver Chapman 1861 - 1st November 1933. Oliver Chapman was a member of a local family in Grayshott and was originally Superintendent of Joinery at the Contracting Company owned by his father, Mr. E. H. Chapman. The company was later to become the builders Chapman Lowry & Puttick. In 1901 Chapman became the sub-Postmaster at Grayshott Post Office following the demise of his brother Walter, who was sub-postmaster for nine years until he was charged with the murder of his wife Emily at the property on 29th July 1901.

1901, 15 November: The Scotsman: Reigate, in consequence of the action of the police in trying to put down too fast riding has been acted upon to some extent. The great majority of cyclists condemn scorching and admit there are cases of very reckless riding by people whose sole idea of enjoyment on the wheel is to see how many miles an hour they can cover. Surrey police in their anxiety to procure convictions haul in the innocent with the guilty, and the magistrates in the Reigate district are accused of invariably taking the view of the police a against that of independent witnesses on the question of speed. The wide berth already given to Reigate by some cyclists and the fear that the boycott may spread is causing so much anxiety to the trades people who benefit by the large number of cyclists who visit the town and they have made an appeal to the Mayor to use his influence to stop the detective system which has been in vogue.


103 Surrey Constabulary General Orders Book 1 1851-.

104 Surrey Constabulary General Orders Book 1 1851-.

105 Surrey Constabulary General Orders Book 1 1851-.

106 Surrey Constabulary General Orders Book 1 1851-.

107 Durrant, A.J. (1951). A hundred years of the Surrey Constabulary, 1851-1951, p. 21.

108 Durrant, A.J. (1951). A hundred years of the Surrey Constabulary, 1851-1951, p. 21.

109 Durrant, A.J. (1951). A hundred years of the Surrey Constabulary, 1851-1951, p. 20.

110 Durrant, A.J. (1951). A hundred years of the Surrey Constabulary, 1851-1951, p. 21.

111 Durrant, A.J. (1951). A hundred years of the Surrey Constabulary, 1851-1951, p. 77.

112 Durrant, A.J. (1951). A hundred years of the Surrey Constabulary, 1851-1951, p. 20.

113 Bunker, John, (1988). From Rattle to Radio: History of Metropolitan Police Communications, Brewin Books, ISBN-10: 0947731288, ISBN-13: 9780947731281, p. 104.

114 Durrant, A.J. (1951). A hundred years of the Surrey Constabulary, 1851-1951, p. 27.

115 Durrant, A.J. (1951). A hundred years of the Surrey Constabulary, 1851-1951, p. 33.

116 Maxton, Caroline (2005). Foul Deeds and Suspicious Deaths in Guildford, Wharncliffe Book, p. 125.

117 http://www.grayshott-archive.org.uk [January 2010].

 

Surrey Constabulary badge