1932-39

1932: Cut Mill murder: Just before dinner on October 8 1932, Annie Keen (64) was clubbed three times with a sharpening stone in the scullery of her isolated Surrey cottage. Her throat was cut with a kitchen knife ... more

1932: Item ref: Surrey CC Archives: CC98/12/2 cutting re manhunt at Newlands Corner.

1932: Two pay scales are introduced, and open meetings are banned:58 A Committee, under Sir George Higgins, recommended that the pay of new entrants to the police should be lower than the pay of existing officers. The Government accepted the report and two scales of pay, 'A' for existing officers and 'B' for recruits, were introduced. Lord Trenchard, the Metropolitan Commissioner, persuaded the Home Secretary to ban the Federation from holding Open Meetings, on the grounds that they were being used to make protests against Government policy.

The Joint Consultative Committee submitted a resolution to the Home Secretary which drew attention to 'dissatisfaction in the Force'.

1932, 17 February: Fatal RTA: PC 227 Albert William Harrison aged twenty seven died as a result of being run down whilst on his bicycle by an omnibus in Crawley, Sussex. The Police Review for the 26 February 1932 reports that he was with PS Newington on the London to Brighton Road at Crawley when an omnibus hit them. The Sergeant was injured and the PC killed.

Woking Division 1932.

Woking Division 1932.

1932: Crime Bureau formed at HQ for the study and collation of information relating to crime, scientific aids to detection and photography. The Bureau name was to last for over fifty years and was to become responsible for all crime related issues, fingerprints, photography and alien registration.59

Funeral procession. Location believed, but not certain, to be Chertsey. Date unknown.

Funeral procession. Location
believed, but not certain, to be
Chertsey. Date unknown.

1932, 20 October: The Scotsman: Surrey Police Sued: An action was down for hearing at Redhill County Court in which four members of he Surrey County Police were sued for £50 damages for alleged assault and wrongful imprisonment. The case was adjourned.

1933: Captain Sant the Chief Constable's house was burgled (Fred Shoobridge in 1999) Red House, next door to the Sea Horse at Shalford. Licensee was an ex Portsmouth City sergeant. A man named Lemon (Sooty Jack) was arrested by Inspector Curry for sixteen burglaries. Police were allowed to wear civvies as there were often no detectives. The DCC was the superintendent of the Guildford Rural Division. No real Criminal Investigation Department. PS Johnny Lucas was in charge of the stores, clothing, and training. Gave me my first job as a recruit - clean the urinals.

1933: From the family memoirs of George William Almond A Policeman's Lot is not a Happy One, written 1983: Fifty years ago on the 18th March 1933, Bill Leahy and I and two others joined the Guildford Borough Police. The occasion was an increase in establishment bringing the strength to forty seven, when the Borough was extended ... more

1933: Denis Turner: After the use of bloodhounds in the First World War dogs were not used in Surrey until 1933 when ... more

1933, 21 August: The Times: The police in Surrey area which includes Bisley, Pirbright and Farnham were engaged in a double search during the weekend. While looking for the man who attacked Gracie Golledge aged nine when she was picking blackberries near her home in Ash Vale on Thursday, they were informed of another attack on Saturday night on Mrs Holliday the wife of a sergeant in the Coldstream Guards who are in camp nearby. One hundred police, soldiers and others took part in a fruitless search which was continued throughout Saturday night. Mrs Holliday was pushing her eighteen month old child in a pram when she was attacked, thrown to the ground face down. She struggled and after tearing he dress and bruising her, the man dashed into the undergrowth and escaped. Near the scene of the outrage [a term used for rape] the police found the inner leather rim of a felt hat which had two numbers inside.

1933, 18 September: The Scotsman: Success of Reigate Volunteers: Police Flying Squad: After a year's service the "flying squad" of volunteer motor constables organised by Sir Malcolm Campbell to assist the Reigate police are likely to be issued with distinctive uniforms. The volunteer motorists numbering between forty and fifty, who provide their own cars and are all on the telephone, have provided real value. They are called on only in cases of serious crime. The volunteer "flying squad" has been adopted by Surrey, Hampshire and other constabularies.

1933, 20 December: The Times: Inquest at Farnham: Mrs Florence Wilson aged forty two years and her daughter iris aged eighteen were murdered by Doctor Gysbest Bakker a Dutch national who then committed suicide. The deceased lived in and ran a hotel in East Street, Farnham. Mrs Wilson was found in her night attire on her bed shot between the eyes. By her side Iris, shot in the back of the head. Bakker was found shot dead in the garage.

1934, 18 March: Fatal Road Traffic Acciden (RTA)t: PC 240 Herbert George Smeed (aged twenty one) died as a result of injuries caused by being knocked down by a motorcar on the Hogs Back.

1934: Pay cuts averted:61 The 10% pay 'cut' was reduced by one-half (and abolished altogether the following year).

1934, 7 June: The Scotsman: The maximum fine of £20 was imposed at Chertsey yesterday on Colin F. Sutton and old Blue Coat school boy and a constable in the Surrey Constabulary for assaulting Inspector Bishop in Weybridge Police Station on May 29th.

1934: The police authority in 1934 increased the establishment of sergeants and a number were promoted and became detective sergeants - one for each division; William Venn to go to Cobham, John Baker at HQ, Tom Roberts HQ, Roy Davies to Farnham on the 27th March. "The detective sergeants work both directly and through the crime bureau at headquarters, with Scotland Yard. At the Crime Bureau there is a fully organised photographic department and Sergeant Roberts who has received intensive instruction by ex Inspector William McBridge late of New Scotland Yard, will continue to be in charge of it. Sergeant Baker will have charge of the mobile units, a branch of the force inaugurated two or three years ago which has of necessity grown considerably. The unit has eleven motorcycles for road patrol and crime work, ten motor-cycles for crime detection alone, seven vans and cars, and seven automobiles for the use of the detective sergeants."62

1934: Introduction of detective sergeants: "The mobility sergeant has also under his charge the scientific apparatus used in the detection of crime, and he is responsible for collecting information as to how, when, and where science can assist the police of the country in their work."63 It was not intended at this time to set up a laboratory, but preliminary tests would be made before consultation with government specialists. This meant that "rough edges" would be taken from problems before submission to the government laboratories. Experiments have been made with ultra-violet rays as given by the mercury vapour lamp, which are useful in disclosing stains etc., not visible to the naked eye. This lamp worked in connection with the microscope discloses evidence if it exists. Sergeant Baker will keep himself up to date with wireless, and the various branches of science and chemistry which may be useful to police work.64

1934, 10 May: William Thomas Hollands aged sixty five murdered Joseph Ladd aged sixty nine, following an incident at The Huts, Nags Hill Farm, Tandridge on May 10th. Both farm labourers on the same farm living in adjoining huts. Ladd had been to Caterham to collect his pension and returned at 1030 pm to the farm where both men got into a fight and Ladd was killed with an iron bar.65

1934, September: PC W Forehead66 was attacked and seriously injured at East Horsley. Bloodhounds were used by the Surrey police yesterday in an effort to trace two men who attacked and seriously injured PC W. Forehead ... more

1935-1940: Surrey Constabulary formed Criminal Investigation Department (From Fred Shoobridge) 1937-38 Roberts Head of Criminal Investigation Department with Sergeants on each Division with Detective Constables who would dust for prints. In HQ there was Crime Bureau who would come and photograph the prints.

1935: John Wright from an old school magazine: "In 1935 Louis Froud Quinain joined the Metropolitan Police Force for a short time, before moving to the Surrey Police Force. Also in 1935 Louis met Greta whilst she was nursing at the Henley War Memorial Hospital. Greta was to become his life long companion and in 1940 they were married at Farnham in Surrey.

That year Louis took up a post at Shamley Green, near Guildford as the village constable, and he and his new bride moved to live in the Police Cottage. It was here, whilst in the Police Force, that Louis pursued his love of creative writing and began writing a series of articles and stories for the Sussex and Surrey County Magazines, then moving on to write for Country Life and Countryman.

From 1941 he wrote freelance for the BBC appearing as the Man from the Country in the Evening Melodies programme on the old Light programme, and also gave talks on country and police affairs on the Home Service, as well as reading his short stories in the Mid Morning story programme. He successfully published his first novel, Country Beat in 1946 which was drawn on his experiences as a policeman and followed this with Policeman on the Green in 1948 two years after leaving the Police Force.

He also wrote paperback fiction using a pseudonym, Peter Froud. Louis's love of creative writing stayed throughout his life, he was a prolific letter writer who enjoyed being in touch with other contemporary writers and in particular had frequent exchanges of correspondence with a dear friend, the Welsh writer Rhys Davies. Much of the correspondence from Rhys to Louis was subsequently acquired during the 1990s, by the National Library of Wales at Aberystwyth, where the letters can now be seen".

Cecil Burgess

Cecil Burgess

1935: Guildford Borough: Cecil Burgess who was to Transfer to the Surrey Constabulary.

1935, 23 February: Superintendent Ernest Boshier died. His son was to work closely with Tom Roberts and was later to become a detective superintendent as has his serving grandson Detective Superintendent John Boshier.

Officers carrying the coffin of ex-Superintendent E. Boshier.

Officers carrying the coffin of
ex-Superintendent E. Boshier.

The Scotsman: Over thirty years police service - Death of a noted detective: Ex- Superintendent Ernest Boshier who was instrumental in bringing to justice the Frenchman Vaquier who murdered Alfred Jones at the Blue Anchor, Byfleet has died at his home at Woking. Superintendent Boshier resigned from the Surrey Constabulary in September 1930 after over thirty years service. He took part in many important cases but the Vaquier murder was probably his biggest job. In appearance Superintendent Boshier looked more like a prosperous farmer than a keen witted detective and he was the kindliest of men, ever ready to give another chance to people who had come out on the wrong side of the law. On many occasions he was commended by judges and was awarded the King's Police Medal for meritorious service.

1935, February: Illicit Stills at Ash Vale:68 H.J. Browning OBE was Deputy Chief of the Customs Investigation Department of the Customs and Excise. His book They Didn’t Declare It published by Harrap in 1967, tells the stories of many of the investigations he undertook during his 27 years in the Investigation Department ... more

Sceen of the accident that killed Chief Inspector Gooch.

Sceen of the accident that killed
Chief Inspector Gooch.

1935, 19 April: Fatal RTA on the A3 killed recently retired Chief Inspector Gooch, Metropolitan Police Flying Squad. The other driver was charged with manslaughter. Mr Gooch began to overtake and at that point he was overtaken making three vehicles alongside. There was a slight bend and rise in both directions on the A3 as the By Pass went under the Hog's Back. The driver of the Mercedes travelling in the opposite direction was confronted with the three cars abreast. The collision occurred and Mr Gooch died on the 25 April. Sergeant Roberts took the photographs; PC Robin Sparks of the Guildford Borough Force interviewed the defendant on the night of the collision. PS O'Shea took measurements at the scene, and later Detective Sergeant H.E. Stone delivered and served the summonses on the defendant.69

1935, 20 July: King George V Jubilee celebrations in Hyde Park, London included a representative parade of police in which a party of men from Surrey under Superintendent T. Runnegar of Farnham took part.70

1935, 23 August: The Scotsman: Edward Morris Smith aged forty one with no occupation, of 32, Fengates Road, Redhill appeared at Reigate Borough Police Court yesterday on remand on a charge of shooting with intent to murder Leslie Knight of Madeira Walk, Reigate and John Barnett of Charman Road, Redhill. He was remanded for another week.

1935, 9 August: The Scotsman: Girl cyclists attacked: Hampshire and Surrey police combined yesterday in a wide search following reports that four girl cyclists had been attacked ... more

1936, Feb 12: The Times: A £50,000 scheme begins for the housing of Surrey police. Work has begun on new buildings including police housing accommodation for the Surrey County Constabulary. Standing Joint Committee: There are approximately one hundred and seventeen single men in the Force of them forty four have over three years service and are entitled to apply for permission to marry. Fifty nine of the men are stationed sufficiently close to HQ or to an inspector's station to be conveniently accommodated in barracks and it might be desirable to build three blocks in different parts of the constabulary area to accommodate ten to twelve single men.

1936, 23 September: Egham Club shooting: The shooting occurred at the Woodhaw Club at Egham a riverside club of which the accused was the proprietor. The members were mostly young, between the ages of twenty and thirty years of age. During the afternoon of the 23rd there was a group of these young men. After lunch they were getting down horse chestnuts to pelt each other, the defendant became annoyed, opened fire with a twelve bore shotgun from a bedroom widow seriously wounding one youth. DS Roberts took the photos and PC Beale provided a plan. Superintendent Curry led the investigation.71

1936: Training for war commenced many years before hostilities broke out. From 1936 four hundred and twenty five officers undertook intensive anti-gas training lasting a week. This was followed by the Special Constabulary being trained in anti-gas measures and in practical police work.

1936: HQ in Woodbridge Road extended for the first time since 1854 at a cost of £11,000 and a garage for motor maintenance built at Ladymead.72 Recruits are to be aged between nineteen and twenty six, five feet nine inches or over tall, for £2.2s a week during twelve week course at HQ. A married man cannot become a trainee. Such qualifications as knowledge of wireless telegraphy, telephony or cinematography stand the applicant in good stead.

A new switchboard to cope with twenty extensions was being installed. The chief constable's office is a mini Scotland Yard map room where information is gathered from many sources collated and with the aid of coloured maps and graphs executives keep in touch with "the man on the beat" and with increases and decreases in the number of crimes committed in all parts of the county.

More crime is committed in the northern part of the county and more officers are stationed there. Guildford Division though the largest area has not the same strength as Weybridge. In the last five years the number of indictable offences in Surrey had risen by twenty five percent.

To combat this, to deal with the increased population and to conform to new legislation the strength of the force has been increased to four hundred and sixty six an increase form three hundred and fifty six, six years ago. The percentage of crimes detected in 1936 was 54% compared with 51% in 1935, 56% in 1934 and 51% in 1933. Most crime is committed on a Saturday and the least on a Thursday. Salaries cost about £100,000 a year with a new constable on about £800.73

PC Roffey 1937

PC Roffey when he first joined
the Police Force in 1937 at the
age of 21. He retired in 1963.

1936-1939: A period of intensive training as the threat of war grew greater, including air raid precautions alongside the Special Constabulary.

In 1937 the vehicle fleet consisted of thirty nine cars and motorcycles and later that year it would increase to fifty. The police garage is at Ladymead on the By-pass.74

PC David Saunders

PC David Saunders

PC David Saunders (Late Inspector Saunders father of the late Superintendent Trevor Saunders) He joined the Surrey Constabulary before the war and left to join the Welsh Guards coming back to Surrey Constabulary in 1945. He was stationed in Oxted, Mount Browne, and Dorking, maybe not in that order, and retired from the old Reigate Police station as an Inspector in the late 60s.

1937: In Crime Bureau large cabinets contain photographs and records of hundreds of law breakers; an epidiascope is ready to throw onto the screen photographs taken at the scene of a crime, or perhaps a revolver found on a suspected person. A camera surrounded by powerful lights waits to open its shutter on the face of a newcomer to police records.75 A microscope as quick as a flash will make a strand of hair look like a piece of rope. A room has been set aside in the Crime Bureau for any broadcasting which may be necessary in the future. When a crime is reported it is immediately sent to the chief constable and particulars are then communicated to the Crime Bureau for investigation, and the report is later sent to the administration offices for entry in the crime register and filing.76

1937, 17 April: The Scotsman: Score Card Altered; Constable said he was investigating cheating gossip: A constable with eighteen years service in the Surrey Constabulary altered his card at a whist drive and said he was investigating "cheating gossip" at Oxted. He was found guilty of attempting to obtain ten shillings from the Oxted Working Men's Institute by means of false pretences. He was PC Stanley Watford Washington and was found guilty and bound over in the sum of ten pounds for one year. No conviction was entered in the court records.

1937, 12 May: Surrey Constabulary sent Superintendent J H White of Woking and one hundred officers to aid the City of London Police for the coronation of George 6th.

1937, 24 July: The Scotsman: MBE awarded Superintendent Alfred Curry Surrey Constabulary.

1937, July: Albert Victor Bakshell was awarded the medal of the Royal Victorian Order. Having joined the Surrey Constabulary in June 1920 after lengthy service in tanks during the First World War he was posted to Godalming, Holmwood, Oatlands Park and Sunningdale. In February 1936 he was promoted sergeant an in 1937 commended in the first class by the chief constable for conspicuous ability and intelligence displayed whilst on special duty at Fort Belvedere from June 1933 until December 1936 during the residence there of HM King Edward VIII formerly the Prince of Wales. Promoted inspector and posted to Dorking where in June 1950 he was promoted chief inspector. He died in 1978 aged 81.77

1937, 2 September: Norman Ratcliffe: James Ryan went to Ash Vale railway station where he was seen and then he disappeared of the face of the earth, never to be seen again. It was reported in The Surrey and Hants News.

1937, 22 September: The Times: The Standing Joint Committee have decide that ex-soldiers of the Regular Army would in future be given preference over other candidates for the Surrey County Constabulary. Government had agreed that if a war were to break out, the men with reserve commitments would not be called to the colours for at least three months.

Crashed Hawker Hart aircraft

Crashed Hawker Hart aircraft

1938, 19 March: Air Crash: Hawker Hart crashed at Dockenfield: Air Historical Branch of the Ministry of Defence give the date of the accident as March 19, 1938: "Our records show that the aircraft left No.5 Elementary Flying Training School based in Hanworth on a solo training cross country practice exercise when it crashed. The pilot survived."78

The crime scene at Guildford RDC Refuse depot.

The crime scene at Guildford
RDC Refuse depot.

1938, 25 October: (Surrey Times (1938). (November 12)) Guildford RDC Refuse Depot Gosden Common: Murder of Frederick Salter a general dealer by Edward Goodall aged fifty seven – he lived with and was employed by the deceased. Salter was found dead with a gunshot wound from a shotgun. Salter was employed as a cook and general attendant. When arrested Goodall said "Well he knocked me about because I didn't get his breakfast right. He got me on the floor, and said he would ---- break my neck. I got away and – shot him. I have been cautioned and I make this statement voluntarily." Goodall was a small slight man and the deceased was sixteen stone.

Frederick Salter

Frederick Salter

Found guilty of manslaughter and sentenced to six months hard labour. Photographs by Sergeant E. Boshier.

Eric BoshierSupintendent Boshier

Eric Boshier son of the late Superintendent Boshier

 

 

1938, 5 December: The Scotsman: Bullet in Woodwork: Two men entered the booking office at Woldingham Railway Station last night and whilst one held up the porter in charge at the point of a revolver, the other opened the till and took its contents amounting to only seven shillings in silver and a few coppers. During the holdup the revolver was discharged but it is not clear whether it was fired at Jack Ray the porter. Later it was found the bullet had entered the wood work just beneath the ticket rack. The intruders wore raincoats and soft hats well down over their faces. Both had glasses. The porter was forced by the man with the revolver to march backwards and stand against a wall. Meanwhile a second man had gone to the till. Immediately he had secured the money the men ran off.

1938: Police War Reserve and First Police Reserve established made up entirely of fit retired officers was enrolled. Much secret planning was undertaken and upon the outbreak of war the Surrey Constabulary was well prepared.79

1938 anti gas course included three Chief Constables of Reigate, Guildford and County.

1938 anti gas course included three Chief Constables of Reigate, Guildford and County.

1939, May: Emergency department established at HQ to deal with all matters falling on the police in connection with the war. Superintendent Davies was in charge with an especially appointed inspector on each division. Known as E Department.80

1939: Ken Browning: to Off Beat July 1976: During the Second World war there existed in the Force six to eight men who were designated bomb reconnaissance officers – one I remember was ex- Inspector Sizer from Walton on Thames. I had my full share of danger being the BRO for Oxted Division where we had one hundred and twenty three flying bombs alone and one night sixty thousand explosive incendiaries, hundreds of which I defused myself with Superintendent Mann.

1939, 20 June: £1,000 robbery. Strong room blown open with gelignite: Scotland Yard has been asked to assist the Surrey police following the theft of about £1,000 from premises at Addlestone by raiders who used gelignite. The robbery was discovered by staff at the Addlestone and District Industrial Cooperative Society in Station Road. Tools left behind led to the belief that a London gang was involved.

1939: The strength of the force was five hundred and thirty seven in 1939.81

1939, 5 July: Murder at Moorlands Hotel, Hindhead:

Moorlands Hotel

Moorlands Hotel

As the war loomed the population of the county increased dramatically with thousands of young men forced to leave their homes and families and thrown together. When war broke out the Canadian Army had a significant presence in the county and would feature regularly in the reports of serious crime. A murder ... more


58 http://www.polfed.org/aboutus/69DD9AB47F534348AD5D1415843163AA.asp [19 January 2010].

59 Durrant, A.J. (1951). A hundred years of the Surrey Constabulary, 1851-1951, p. 56.

61 http://www.polfed.org/aboutus/69DD9AB47F534348AD5D1415843163AA.asp [19 January 2010].

62 Surrey Advertiser ([1934]). Found in the papers of Tom Roberts held by his son Chris Roberts.

63 Surrey Advertiser ([1934]). Found in the papers of Tom Roberts held by his son Chris Roberts.

64 Surrey Advertiser ([1934]). Found in the papers of Tom Roberts held by his son Chris Roberts.

65 Surrey Mirror and County Post (1934).

66 The Times (1934). (September 19).

68 Browning, H.J. (1967). They Didn't Declare It, Harrap. See also http://homepage.ntlworld.com/sally.jenkinson/ashmuseum/stills.htm [8 February 2010].

69 Surrey Advertiser and County Times (undated). 25 written in pencil alongside. Found in the papers of Tom Roberts held by his son Chris Roberts.

70 Durrant, A.J. (1951). A hundred years of the Surrey Constabulary, 1851-1951, p. 56.

71 Believed to be The Surrey Advertiser and County Times (undated). 25 written in pencil alongside. Found in the papers of Tom Roberts held by his son Chris Roberts

72 Durrant, A.J. (1951). A hundred years of the Surrey Constabulary, 1851-1951, p. 56.

73 Probably Surrey Advertiser (1937). (February 5). Found in the papers of Tom Roberts held by his son Chris Roberts.

74 Probably Surrey Advertiser (1937). (February 5). Found in the papers of Tom Roberts held by his son Chris Roberts.

75 Probably Surrey Advertiser (1937). (February 5). Found in the papers of Tom Roberts held by his son Chris Roberts.

76 Probably Surrey Advertiser (1937). (February 5). Found in the papers of Tom Roberts held by his son Chris Roberts.

77 Off Beat, May 1978.

78 http://www.farnham-herald-today.co.uk/tn/featuresdetail.cfm?id=988 [25 January 2010].

79 Durrant, A.J. (1951). A hundred years of the Surrey Constabulary, 1851-1951, p. 58.

80 Durrant, A.J. (1951). A hundred years of the Surrey Constabulary, 1851-1951, p. 58.

81 Durrant, A.J. (1951). A hundred years of the Surrey Constabulary, 1851-1951, p. 56.

 

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