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Counselling and forensic psychology: investigating crime and therapy

This module draws on recent theoretical debates and research to critically explore the fascinating relationship between counselling and forensic psychology. You will learn about media representations of crime and therapy and the role of sociocultural issues in both forensic and therapeutic work. You will be introduced to the most common and effective therapeutic approaches for working with offenders/victims of crime, and explore therapeutic and forensic aspects around sex and sexuality. You will develop an understanding of the dichotomies and emerging themes in this area and the challenges of providing therapy in a forensic setting.

Modules count towards OU qualifications

OU qualifications are modular in structure; the credits from this undergraduate module could count towards a certificate of higher education, diploma of higher education, foundation degree or honours degree.

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Module code


  • Credits measure the student workload required for the successful completion of a module or qualification.
  • One credit represents about 10 hours of study over the duration of the course.
  • You are awarded credits after you have successfully completed a module.
  • For example, if you study a 60-credit module and successfully pass it, you will be awarded 60 credits.
Study level
Across the UK, there are two parallel frameworks for higher education qualifications, the Framework for Higher Education Qualifications in England, Northern Ireland and Wales (FHEQ) and the Scottish Credit and Qualifications Framework (SCQF). These define a hierarchy of levels and describe the achievement expected at each level. The information provided shows how OU module levels correspond to these frameworks.
3 10 6
Study method
Distance Learning
Module cost
See Module registration
Entry requirements
See Entry requirements

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What you will study

This module will provide a comprehensive introduction to the fascinating relationship between counselling and forensic psychology in general, and mental health problems and crime more specifically. The module is divided into five blocks and you'll study a new topic each week:

Block 1 sets the scene for the module. You will look at the tensions between therapeutic and forensic settings. In addition, you will learn how mental health treatments have developed over time and how prisons developed from places designed to hold prisoners before trial to become facilities used as a form of punishment, and the development of forensic mental health. This block will also examine media depictions of crime, forensic psychology and therapy, and discuss whether they are factually based. For the last week in this block you will look at the diagnosis and categorisation of mental health problems and how being diagnosed or labelled can affect individuals. 

Block 2 explores ‘mad or bad’ identities. You’ll find out about the role of race in how people are seen and treated by mental health and criminal justice services. You’ll learn about how gender influences the ways offenders and victims and clients are seen and treated in the criminal justice system and in the therapy room and mental health services. You’ll study the impact age has on the perception and treatment of offenders and victims/counselling clients, as well practices for different age groups in both counselling/mental health and the criminal justice system. You’ll also explore the central place of social class in understanding reasons for pathologisation and criminalisation, including the key theoretical debates and research studies to explain class disparities in mental health and crime.

Block 3 explores how the issues of sex and sexuality are covered in forensic and counselling psychology. You’ll find out about sexual assault and abuse involving adults and children, and about how perpetrators and survivors are treated within therapeutic and criminal justice contexts. You’ll cover sex in the therapy room: how counsellors can talk about sex and sexuality with their clients, and also the issues around consent and abuses of power when therapists step over the line and have sexual contact with clients. You’ll study how counselling and forensic psychologists have drawn lines between normal sex and abnormal sex or ‘paraphilias’. You’ll also explore sex work from both a forensic and counselling perspective: how and why has this form of work been regarded as a crime over the years.

Block 4 looks at treatment. You will be introduced to four common approaches in working therapeutically with offenders and victims of crime. You will explore attachment based approaches and their notion of different attachment styles dependent on early relationship experiences. You will examine how strategies and techniques from cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) can be employed to work with diverse forensic populations and problems, with a specific focus on trauma-focused CBT. You’ll study systemic concepts and how they are used in working therapeutically with young offenders and their families in the community and in secure in-patient settings. You will also explore mindfulness and how ideas and concepts from this approach can be utilised in counselling and forensic settings.

Block 5 looks at four different topics that explore areas of tension between therapy and the criminal justice system. In this block you will explore the controversial topic of repressed memories of childhood sexual abuse that are recovered during therapy sessions as an adult, and look at the challenges this poses in terms of criminal evidence and prosecution. You will learn about suicide and self-harm, and where ‘offender’ and ‘victim’ are often one and the same person. You will find out about how therapy is conducted within a prison or secure unit, including a discussion of therapeutic prisons. At the end of this block you will look at the prevention, rather than treatment, of mental health issues and offending behaviour.

Looking at all the different topics covered in this module you may have noticed that a few of the real-world contexts explored in the module involve issues that some people may find personally emotive or currently sensitive. Individual content warnings will be given before such material is presented, outlining the issues to be covered and suggesting ways in which you might engage with it if it is personally relevant to you. Before signing up we invite you to look through the topics covered (as described above) and to consider whether this is the right time to undertake this module. 

Supporting study materials
The module is built around a textbook entitled Mad or Bad: A critical approach to counselling and forensic psychology and an extensive module website built around an online study guide. The website contains further teaching to support the chapters in the textbook. The teaching on the website includes video (e.g. of therapeutic approaches in action) and audio interviews with a number of psychologists, counsellors and criminologists, and a variety of interactive activities to help develop and consolidate your knowledge. You will also spend some of your study time using The Open University Library’s extensive collection of online resources.

Teaching and assessment

Support from your tutor

You will have a tutor who will help you with the study material and mark and comment on your written work, and whom you can ask for advice and guidance.

Contact us if you want to know more about study with The Open University before you register.


The assessment details for this module can be found in the facts box above.

You must use the online eTMA system to submit your tutor-marked assignments (TMAs).

Future availability

Counselling and forensic psychology: investigating crime and therapy starts once a year – in October. This page describes the module that will start in October 2018. We expect it to start for the last time in October 2026.


As a student of The Open University, you should be aware of the content of the academic regulations which are available on our Student Policies and Regulations website.

    Course work includes:

    5 Tutor-marked assignments (TMAs)
    1 Interactive computer-marked assignment (iCMA)
    End-of-module assessment
    No residential school

    Entry requirements

    This is an OU level 3 module. Prior to studying this module you should have obtained the necessary study skills to study at OU level 3, either by completing relevant OU level 2 study (e.g. in a social science), but you are not expected to have any special knowledge of psychology.

    If you have any doubt about the suitability of the module, please speak to an adviser.


    Start End Fee
    - - -

    No current presentation - see Future availability

    This module is expected to start for the last time in October 2026.

    Additional Costs

    Study costs

    There may be extra costs on top of the tuition fee, such as a laptop, travel to tutorials, set books and internet access.

    If you're on a low income you might be eligible for help with some of these costs after your module has started.

    Ways to pay for this module

    Open University Student Budget Account

    The Open University Student Budget Accounts Ltd (OUSBA) offers a convenient 'pay as you go' option to pay your OU fees, which is a secure, quick and easy way to pay. Please note that The Open University works exclusively with OUSBA and is not able to offer you credit facilities from any other provider. All credit is subject to status and proof that you can afford the repayments.

    You pay the OU through OUSBA in one of the following ways:

    • Register now, pay later – OUSBA pays your module fee direct to the OU. You then repay OUSBA interest-free and in full just before your module starts. 0% APR representative. This option could give you the extra time you may need to secure the funding to repay OUSBA.
    • Pay by instalments – OUSBA calculates your monthly fee and number of instalments based on the cost of the module you are studying. APR 5.1% representative.

    Joint loan applications

    If you feel you would be unable to obtain an OUSBA loan on your own due to credit history or affordability issues, OUSBA offers the option to apply for a joint loan application with a third party. For example, your husband, wife, partner, parent, sibling or friend. In such cases, OUSBA will be required to carry out additional affordability checks separately and/or collectively for both joint applicants who will be jointly and severally liable for loan repayments.

    As additional affordability checks are required when processing joint loan applications, unfortunately, an instant decision cannot be given. On average the processing time for a joint loan application is five working days from receipt of the required documentation.

    Read more about Open University Student Budget Accounts (OUSBA).  

    Employer sponsorship

    Studying with The Open University can boost your employability. OU courses are recognised and respected by employers for their excellence and the commitment they take to complete. They also value the skills that students learn and can apply in the workplace.

    More than one in ten OU students are sponsored by their employer, and over 30,000 employers have used the OU to develop staff so far. If the module you’ve chosen is geared towards your job or developing your career, you could approach your employer to see if they will sponsor you by paying some or all of the fees. 

    • Your employer just needs to complete a simple form to confirm how much they will be paying and we will invoice them.
    • You won’t need to get your employer to complete the form until after you’ve chosen your module.  

    Credit/debit card

    You can pay part or all of your tuition fees upfront with a debit or credit card when you register for each module. 

    We accept American Express, Maestro (UK only), Mastercard, Visa/Delta and Visa Electron. 

    Mixed payments

    We know that sometimes you may want to combine payment options. For example, you may wish to pay part of your tuition fee with a debit card and pay the remainder in instalments through an Open University Student Budget Account (OUSBA).

    For more information about combining payment options, speak to an adviser or book a call back at a time convenient to you.

    Please note: your permanent address/domicile will affect your fee status and therefore the fees you are charged and any financial support available to you. The fees and funding information provided here is valid for modules starting before 31 July 2019. Fees normally increase annually in line with inflation and the University's strategic approach to fees. 

    This information was provided on 23/01/2019.

    What's included

    Module textbook, and the module website which will include audio-visual material and the online study guide.

    Computing requirements

    A computing device with a browser and broadband internet access is required for this module.  Any modern browser will be suitable for most computer activities. Functionality may be limited on mobile devices.

    Any additional software will be provided, or is generally freely available. However, some activities may have more specific requirements. For this reason, you will need to be able to install and run additional software on a device that meets the requirements below.

    A desktop or laptop computer with either:

    • Windows 7 or higher
    • Mac OS 10.7 or higher

    The screen of the device must have a resolution of at least 1024 pixels horizontally and 768 pixels vertically.

    To participate in our online discussion area you will need both a microphone and speakers/headphones. 

    Our Skills for OU study website has further information including computing skills for study, computer security, acquiring a computer and Microsoft software offers for students. 

    If you have a disability

    The OU strives to make all aspects of study accessible to everyone and this Accessibility Statement outlines what studying DD310 involves. You should use this information to inform your study preparations and any discussions with us about how we can meet your needs.

    To find out more about what kind of support and adjustments might be available, contact us or visit our Disability support website.