Skip to content The Open University

IKD: Innovation, Knowledge and Development

Innovation & Inequality: New Indicators from Pharma and Beyond

15-16 May 2010 — Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy

Benjamin Coriat, Giovanni Dosi and Luigi Orsenigo discussing the Call for action to secure universal access to ART in developing countries published in the Lancet on 15 May 2010.

Maureen Macintosh

Maureen Mackintosh (The Open University) presenting Essential drugs supply chains and inequality. View more pictures from the workshop (PDF document, 300 KB)

The workshop brought together innovation economists, economic historians and industrial economists to think creatively about the way that innovation and inequality co-evolve- and how this relationship has changed over the course of capitalism. While this theme was crucial in the analysis of Classical economists, it has been almost forgotten in subsequent studies of innovation and technological change. The observation of rising inequality across and within countries is beginning to resurrect this issue, in particular as it concerns the hypothesis of skill-biased technological change and the impact of a stronger IPR regime at the global level. Recent work has also begun to examine how the financing of R&D - particularly through venture capital and the stock market - may induce corporate strategies and bubbles which may contribute to rising inequality.

The view from an industry dynamics perspective is useful as the relationships above differ between sectors. The case of the bio-pharmaceutical industry is particularly significant and extreme in these respects because it widens the perspective from inequality in income and wealth distribution to other fundamental dimensions of well-being like health and 'access' (to innovations).

The presentations and discussions motivated researchers to think more systematically about a Schumpeterian approach to inequality.

Please visit the Innov-Eq website to learn more about this project.

Workshop organisers

Mariana Mazzucato, The Open University
Luigi Orsenigo, University of Brescia

DIME: Dynamics of Institutions and Markets in Europe FINNOV: Finance, Innovation & Growth

Workshop programme

Updates on speakers, abstracts and papers will be added continuously to this page.

Saturday, 15 May 2010: Day 1

Welcome
09:00 - 09:30 Workshop Organisers: Mariana Mazzucato (The Open University, FINNOV Coordinator) and Luigi Orsenigo (University of Brescia)
"Innovation and Inequality, from the classicals to skill-biased technical change. What's missing?"

PDF Presentation: Innovation and Inequality: the need for new indicators from Pharma and beyond (PDF document, 990 KB)

Session 1 Technological Change and Inequality, a Schumpetarian Perspective
09:30 - 09:55 Carlota Perez (Cambridge University)
"Technological revolutions and income distribution"

PDF Abstract: The diffusion of technological revolutions and income distribution (PDF document, 11 KB)

09:55 - 10:20 Benjamin Coriat (Paris Nord University) and Fabienne Orsi (University of Aix-Marseille II)
"How TRIPS are building enhanced Inequalities in access to care. The case of HIV/AIDS"

PDF Abstract: How TRIPS are building enhanced inequalities in access to care: the case of HIV/AIDS drugs (PDF document, 16 KB)
PDF Presentation: How TRIPS are building enhanced inequalities in access to care: the case of HIV/AIDS drugs (PDF document, 330 KB)

10:20 - 10:45 Theo Papaioannou (The Open University)
"Technological innovation, global justice and politics of development"

PDF Abstract: Technological Innovation, Global Justice and Politics of Development (PDF document, 16 KB)
PDF Presentation: Technological Innovation, Global Justice and Politics of Development (PDF document, 220 KB)

10:45 - 11:15 Discussion Session 1
11:15 - 11:30 Coffee break
Session 2 Insights from Pharma : Innovation and Access to Drugs
11:30 - 11:55

Keren Bright and Lois Muraguri (The Open University)
"Access to medicines: intellectual property rights, human rights and justice"

PDF Abstract: Access to medicines: intellectual property rights, human rights and justice (PDF document, 25 KB)
PDF Presentation: Access to medicines: intellectual property rights, human rights and justice (PDF document, 4.8 MB)

11:55 - 12:20 Maureen Mackintosh (The Open University)
"Essential drugs supply chains and inequality"

PDF Abstract: Essential medicines supply chains and inequality (PDF document, 18 KB)
PDF Presentation: Essential medicines supply chains and inequality (PDF document, 220 KB)

12:20 - 12:45 Sebastião Loureiro (Federal University of Bahia)
"Diffusion of new drugs in developing countries: some empirical evidence"

PDF Abstract: Diffusion of new drugs: a review on the available empirical evidence focused on developing countries (PDF document, 13 KB)
PDF Presentation: Diffusion of new drugs: a review on the available empirical evidence focused on developing countries (PDF document, 180 KB)

12:45 - 13:10 Philippe Gorry and Matthieu Montalban (University of Bordeaux)
"The political construction of orphan drugs market : between innovation and access to care"

PDF Abstract: The political construction of orphan drugs market: between innovation and access to care (PDF document, 20 KB)
PDF Presentation: The political construction of orphan drugs market: between innovation and access to care (PDF document, 770 KB)

13:10 - 14:00 Lunch
14:00 - 14:40 Discussion Session 2
Session 3 Insights from Biotechnology
14:40 - 15:05 William Lazonick and Mustafa Sakinc (University of Bordeaux)
"Do financial markets support innovation or inequality in the biotech drug development process?"

PDF Abstract: Do financial markets support innovation or inequity in the biotech drug development process? (PDF document, 20 KB)
PDF Paper: Do financial markets support innovation or inequity in the biotech drug development process? (PDF document, 710 KB)
PDF Presentation: Do financial markets support innovation or inequity in the biotech drug development process? (PDF document, 420 KB)

15:05 - 15:30 Andrés Cárdenas (University of Bremen)
"The Cuban biotechnology industry: An analytical framework"

PDF Abstract: Beyond command and control (PDF document, 180 KB)
PDF Paper: The Cuban Biotechnology Industry: Innovation and universal health care (PDF document, 560 KB)
PDF Presentation: The Cuban Biotechnology Industry: Innovation and universal health care (PDF document, 1.1 MB)

15:30 - 15:50 Discussion Session 3
15:50 - 16:05 Coffee break
Session 4 Finance, Innovation and Inequality
16:05 - 16:30 Mary O'Sullivan (University of Pennsylvania)
"Contemporary regulation of corporate governance: Innovation as cause and effect"

PDF Article: What Opportunity Is Knocking? Regulating Corporate Governance in the United States (PDF document, 180 KB)

16:30 - 16:55 William Lazonick (University of Bordeaux)
"Why executive pay matters to innovation and inequality"

PDF Abstract: Why executive pay matters to innovation and inequality (PDF document, 16 KB)
PDF Paper: Why executive pay matters to innovation and inequality (PDF document, 180 KB)
PDF Presentation: Why executive pay matters to innovation and inequality (PDF document, 500 KB)

16:55 - 17:20 Giovanni Dosi (Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies)
"Some reflections on innovation, monopolistic rent and inequality"

PDF Background paper: How much should society fuel the greed of innovators? (PDF document, 270 KB)

17:20 - 17:50 Discussion Session 4
17:50 - 19:00 Wrap up
20:00 - 22:00 Dinner

Sunday, 16 May 2010: Day 2

Session 5 Conclusion: What Have We Learned and Policy Implications?
10:00 - 12:30 Discussion and follow up
12:30 - 13:30 Lunch

PDF Download the workshop programme (PDF document, 60 KB, updated 2010-05-04)
PDF Download the workshop leaflet (PDF document, 400 KB, updated 2010-05-04)
PDF Download the workshop poster (PDF document, 2 MB, updated 2010-04-28)

PDF Download Consoli background paper (PDF document, 470 KB, updated 2010-05-10)
PDF Download Loureiro background paper (PDF document, 170 KB, updated 2010-05-10)
PDF Download post-workshop report (PDF document, 40 KB, updated 2010-06-04)

Workshop sponsors

The Innovation & Inequality workshop is sponsored by the DIME Network of Excellence, The Open University's Centre for Innovation, Knowledge and Development (IKD) and FINNOV, a European Commission FP7 project.

Back to top