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Referencing accessible formats

Home Help and Support Referencing accessible formats

If you have a disability, you may find that the format or software you use for studying means you are unable to exactly follow the referencing style (such as OU Harvard) required by your module. For example, it can be very difficult to locate page numbers in a PDF using a screen reader.

It is important to have an early conversation with your tutor, about what referencing adjustments need to be made to ensure that they work for both of you. If you have already agreed adjustments on a previous module, let your tutor know this at the start of your studies.

This page provides some examples using OU Harvard style for different formats. However, because each circumstance is different, including subject specific differences, this information has been given to provide a basis for discussion between yourself and your tutor. It may be decided that an alternative way of formatting references is more appropriate for your circumstances. 

SensusAccess

Reference the original material and then add details of the format converted to, where the original has been interpreted, translated or altered e.g. add [converted to MP3].

Example for interpreted, translated or altered material

Miller, E. and Pole, A. (2010) ‘Diagnosis blog: checking up on health blogs in the blogosphere’, American Journal of Public Health, vol. 100, no. 8, pp. 1514–1519 [Online]. DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2009.175125 (Accessed 26 June 2017) [Converted to MP3].

This guidance is also provided on the Convert a file with SensusAccess page. 

Module material in DAISY format

Some module material in DAISY format does not have page numbers. Section details or a heading could be provided instead.

Example for material in DAISY format

In-text citation using section heading:

Newman (2016, Sources of evidence) states that..

Reference does not mention section heading:

Newman, E. (2016) A332 Chapter 1: Jesus in history: scholarly interpretation and controversy, Milton Keynes, The Open University.

Converted module material

If you refer to page numbers, they may be different in the converted format from the original. As with SensusAccess, details of the format converted to could be provided at the end of the reference.

Example for converted module material

In-text citation:

Newman (2016, p. 15) states that..

Reference:

Newman, E. (2016) A332 Chapter 1: Jesus in history: scholarly interpretation and controversy, Milton Keynes, The Open University [Converted to Word].

Material in formats such as PDFs and MP3

Page numbers can be difficult to locate in PDFs. Section details or a heading could be provided instead. However, it may be decided that this is not required, for example when quoting directly from a peer reviewed paper.

For MP3 a timestamp could be used to reference text that has been converted to speech.

Example for material in formats such as PDFs and MP3

In-text citation using time stamp:

Newman (2016, 10.12) states that..

Reference:

Newman, E. (2016) A332 Chapter 1: Jesus in history: scholarly interpretation and controversy, Milton Keynes, The Open University [Converted to MP3].