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Modern languages

Internet sources


Reading Experience Database 1450 - 1945
An Open University database. RED's mission is to accumulate as much data as possible about the reading experiences of British subjects from 1450 to 1945. Searchable. You may also contribute to the database


A freely available collaborative encyclopedia.

The Free Dictionary
Online dictionary (Houghton Mifflin), thesaurus (Collins) and encyclopaedia (Columbia), with English and American audio pronunciation, translation to other languages and other features such as word games.

Ethnologue: Languages of the World
An encyclopaedic reference work cataloguing all of the world’s 6,912 known living languages

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Internet sources

BBC: Languages
BBC Learning Languages page

The Linguist List
Information on languages and language families, and links to websites devoted to natural and constructed languages, to writing systems, and to language resources, e.g., dictionaries.

A comprehensive catalog of reviewed language-related Internet resources. Provides links to online language lessons, translating dictionaries, native literature, translation services, software, language schools, and general information.

Lingu@net Europa
A multilingual, on-line resource centre for foreign language learning. It provides information about, and links to good on-line resources from around the world relating to the learning and teaching of any modern foreign language.

BBC Learning English
Resources to help those new to English with quizzes, help with grammar and business English.

BBC Skillswise
Resources to help people with word and number key skills.

Teaching English
This site is a co-production between the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) and the British Council. Both organisations receive funding from the UK government for their work. The materials on this site are designed for non-native speaker teachers of English working predominantly in secondary education in state schools around the world.  As the content increases we hope it will be of interest to teachers of a wider range of age groups and working in other kinds of teaching institutions.

World English
Lots of activities for people learning English, covering both grammar and vocabulary.

World Wide Words
Compiled by lexicographer Michael Quinion, World Wide Words is an online guide to contemporary English and its usage. The site includes a collection of articles about the use and evolution of the English language; definitions of new and unusual words; a guide to phrases; answers to queries submitted by site visitors; and notes about words currently featured in the press.

Read Print
Freely available collection of classic fiction, poetry, essays and non-fiction. Includes all Shakespeare plays, and biographies of authors.

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Directory of Open Access Journals
DOAJ provides free access to selected scholarly journals. It can be browsed by title or subject, as well as searched for keywords.

Welsh Journals Online
Free online, searchable, access to a selection of 19th-, 20th- and 21st-century Welsh and Wales-related journals held at The National Library of Wales and partner institutions. These materials cover a very wide range of subject areas, including humanities, social sciences, science and technology.


References to over 1 billion items in 10 000 libraries worldwide.

World Reference
Online dictionary offering definitions of English words and three bilingual dictionaries from English to Spanish, French and Italian. You can also access bilingual dictionaries between each of these languages.

Scholar’s Lab / Electronic text center
10,000 publicly available texts including history, literature, philosophy, religion, and history of science. Languages include Latin, Apache, Japanese, and Chinese. 164,000 related images, including rare books, manuscripts, and book illustrations.

An American site giving access to thousands of free electronic books, poems, articles, short stories and plays.  It also includes study guides, dictionaries, biographies, religious texts and popular non-fiction.

UC Press e-books Collection 1982 - 2004
More than 300 free electronic editions published by eScholarship Editions, mainly in the humanities, religion, history, literature, arts and social sciences.


Arts and Humanities Data Service
The Arts and Humanities Data Service is a national service setup to collect, describe, and preserve the electronic resources which result from research and teaching in the humanities. It encourages scholarly use of its collections through an online catalogue.

British Library Images Online
Images from two millennia of world history. The collection includes images of people, natural history, religion, conflict, travel and exploration, and social history. There are free samples which can be downloaded for personal use.