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Dr Encarnacion Montoya Romo

Profile summary

Professional biography

I am NERC Postdoctoral Fellow based on the Palaeoecology Change Research Group (The Open University). Previously, I have worked at The Botanical Institute of Barcelona (CSIC-ICUB) and the Autonomous University of Barcelona as a postdoctoral researcher and PhD student respectively.

I am a palaeocologist mainly focused on Late Glacial environmental change in Neotropics. My main interests are related to the vegetation shifts produced by climatic changes and human occupation. For this purpose, I mainly use pollen, microscopic charcoal and non-pollen palynomorphs analyses (complemented with biogeography, archaeology and anthropology data among others). Moreover, I am interested in the usefulness of palaeoecological data to improve conservation, landscape management and prediction measures.

For more info, please visit our research group web page or blog

Research interests

My main study areas are:

Neotropical highlands (Andes) and midlands (Gran Sabana, High Amazonia): Venezuela and Ecuador

Europe: Pyrenees


Reconstruyendo la historia de los bosques pirenaicos para mejorar su gestión y predecir su respuesta al cambio climático (RECREO). Ministerio
de Medio Ambiente y Medio Rural y Marino; O. A. de Parques Nacionales (OAPN-387/2011). PI: Jesús J. Camarero (Instituto Pirenaico de Ecología, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas). Duration: 2012 - 2014.

CELL-50k initiative (IFG status) from INTIMATE group (EU Cost Actions, INQUA). PI: Simon Blockey. Duration: 2012-2015.

Evaluation of Tropical Forests Sensitivity to Past Climate Change (FORSENS). Natural Environment Research Council, UK (NE/J018562/1). PI: Encarni Montoya. Duration: 2012 – 2015


Long-Term Vegetation Dynamics in a Megadiverse Hotspot: The Ice-Age Record of a Pre-montane Forest of Central Ecuador. (2018-02-20)
Montoya Romo, Encarni; Keen, Hayley F; Luzuriaga, Carmen X and Gosling, William D
Frontiers in plant science, 9 (p 196)

Landscape-scale drivers of glacial ecosystem change in the montane forests of the eastern Andean flank, Ecuador (2018-01-01)
Loughlin, Nicholas J.D.; Gosling, William D.; Coe, Angela L.; Gulliver, Pauline; Mothes, Patricia and Montoya, Encarni
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 489 (pp. 198-208)

Identifying environmental drivers of fungal non-pollen palynomorphs in the montane forest of the eastern Andean flank, Ecuador (2018)
Loughlin, Nicholas J.D.; Gosling, William D. and Montoya, Encarni
Quaternary Research, 89(1) (pp. 119-133)

Aquatic community response to volcanic eruptions on the Ecuadorian Andean flank: evidence from the palaeoecological record (2017-12)
Matthews-Bird, Frazer; Brooks, Stephen J.; Gosling, William D.; Gulliver, Pauline; Mothes, Patricia and Montoya Romo, Encarnacion
Journal of Paleolimnology, 58(4) (pp. 437-453)

Inferring late-Holocene climate in the Ecuadorian Andes using a chironomid-based temperature inference model (2016-06-01)
Matthews-Bird, Frazer; Brooks, Stephen J.; Holden, Philip B.; Montoya, Encarni and Gosling, William D.
Climate of the Past, 12 (pp. 1263-1280)

Climate variability and human impact in South America during the last 2000 years: synthesis and perspectives from pollen records (2016)
Flantua, S. G. A.; Hooghiemstra, H.; Vuille, M.; Behling, H.; Carson, J. F.; Gosling, W. D.; Hoyos, I.; Ledru, M. P.; Montoya, E.; Mayle, F.; Maldonado, A.; Rull, V.; Tonello, M. S.; Whitney, B. S. and González-Arango, C.
Climate of the Past, 12 (pp. 483-523)

Mauritia flexuosa palm swamp communities: natural or human-made? A palynological study of the Gran Sabana region (northern South America) within a neotropical context (2014-09-01)
Rull, Valenti and Montoya, Encarnacion
Quaternary Science Reviews, 99 (pp. 17-33)

A statistical sub-sampling tool for extracting vegetation community and diversity information from pollen assemblage data. (2014-08-15)
Keen, Hayley F.; Gosling, William D.; Hanke, Felix; Miller, Charlotte S.; Montoya Romo, Encarni; Valencia, Bryan G. and Williams, Joseph J.
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 408 (pp. 48-59)

Looking forward through the past: identification of 50 priority research questions in palaeoecology (2014-01)
Seddon, Alistair W. R.; Mackay, Anson W.; Baker, Ambroise G.; Birks, H. John B.; Breman, Elinor; Buck, Caitlin E.; Ellis, Erle C.; Froyd, Cynthia A.; Gill, Jacquelyn L.; Gillson, Lindsey; Johnson, Edward A.; Jones, Vivienne J.; Juggins, Stephen; Macias-Fauria, Marc; Mills, Keely; Morris, Jesse L.; Nogués-Bravo, David; Punyasena, Surangi W.; Roland, Thomas P.; Tanentzap, Andrew J.; Willis, Kathy J.; Aberhan, Martin; van Asperen, Eline N.; Austin, William E. N.; Battarbee, Rick W.; Bhagwat, Shonil; Belanger, Christina L.; Bennett, Keith D.; Birks, Hilary H.; Bronk Ramsey, Christopher; Brooks, Stephen J.; de Bruyn, Mark; Butler, Paul G.; Chambers, Frank M.; Clarke, Stewart J.; Davies, Althea L.; Dearing, John A.; Ezard, Thomas H. G.; Feurdean, Angelica; Flower, Roger J.; Gell, Peter; Hausmann, Sonja; Hogan, Erika J.; Hopkins, Melanie J.; Jeffers, Elizabeth S.; Korhola, Atte A.; Marchant, Robert; Kiefer, Thorsten; Lamentowicz, Mariusz; Larocque-Tobler, Isabelle; López-Merino, Lourdes; Liow, Lee H.; McGowan, Suzanne; Miller, Joshua H.; Montoya Romo, Encarnacion; Morton, Oliver; Nogué, Sandra; Onoufriou, Chloe; Boush, Lisa P.; Rodriguez-Sanchez, Francisco; Rose, Neil L.; Sayer, Carl D.; Shaw, Helen E.; Payne, Richard; Simpson, Gavin; Sohar, Kadri; Whitehouse, Nicki J.; Williams, John W.; Witkowski, Andrzej and McGlone, Matt
Journal of Ecology, 102(1) (pp. 256-267)

Modern non-pollen palynomorphs sedimentation along an elevational gradient in the south-central Pyrenees (southwestern Europe) as a tool for Holocene paleoecological reconstruction (2014)
López-Vila, Julià; Montoya Romo, Encarni; Cañellas-Boltà, Núria and Rull, Valentí
The Holocene, 24(3) (pp. 325-343)

An 8700-year record of the interplay of environmental and human drivers in the development of the southern Gran Sabana landscape, SE Venezuela (2014)
Ballesteros, T.; Montoya Romo, E.; Vegas-Vilarrúbia, T.; Giralt, S.; Abbott, M. B. and Rull, V.
Holocene, 24(12) (pp. 1757-1770)

Ecological palaeoecology in the neotropical Gran Sabana region: Long-term records of vegetation dynamics as a basis for ecological hypothesis testing (2013)
Rull, Valenti; Montoya, Encarni; Nogue, Sandra; Vegas-Vilarrubia, Teresa and Safont, Elisabet
Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 15 (pp. 338-359)

Non-pollen palynomorph studies in the Neotropics: the case of Venezuela (2012-10-15)
Montoya, Encarni; Rull, Valentí and Vegas-Vilarrúbia, Teresa
Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 186 (pp. 102-130)

Forest–savanna–morichal dynamics in relation to fire and human occupation in the southern Gran Sabana (SE Venezuela) during the last millennia (2011-11)
Montoya, Encarni; Rull, Valentí; Stansell, Nathan D.; Abbott, Mark B.; Nogué, Sandra; Bird, Broxton W. and Díaz, Wilmer A.
Quaternary Research, 76(3) (pp. 335-344)

Early human occupation and land use changes near the boundary of the Orinoco and the Amazon basins (SE Venezuela): palynological evidence from El Paují record (2011-10-01)
Montoya, Encarni; Rull, Valentí and Nogué, Sandra
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 310(3-4) (pp. 413-426)

Quaternary palaeoecology and nature conservation: a general review with examples from the neotropics (2011-09)
Vegas-Vilarrúbia, T.; Rull, V.; Montoya, E. and Safont, E.
Quaternary Science Reviews, 30(19-20) (pp. 2361-2388)

Vegetation changes in the Neotropical Gran Sabana (Venezuela) around the Younger Dryas chron (2011)
Montoya, Encarnacion; Rull, Valenti; Stansell, Nathan D.; Bird, Broxton W.; Nogué, Sandra; Vegas-vilarrúbia, Teresa; Abbott, Mark B. and Díaz, Wilmer A.
Journal of Quaternary Science, 26(2) (pp. 207-218)

Gran Sabana fires (SE Venezuela): a paleoecological perspective (2011)
Montoya, Encarni and Rull, Valentí
Quaternary Science Reviews, 30(23-24) (pp. 3430-3444)

Preliminary palynological analysis of a Holocene peat bog from Apakará-tepui (Chimantá massif, Venezuelan Guayana) (2011)
Rull, Valenti; Montoya, Encarni; Nogué, Sandra and Huber, Otto
Collectanea Botanica, 30 (pp. 79-88)

Non-pollen palynomorphs from surface sediments along an altitudinal transect of the Venezuelan Andes (2010-11-01)
Montoya, E.; Rull, V. and van Geel, B.
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 297(1) (pp. 169-183)

Abrupt Younger Dryas cooling in the northern tropics recorded in lake sediments from the Venezuelan Andes (2010-04-15)
Stansell, Nathan D.; Abbott, Mark B.; Rull, Valentí; Rodbell, Donald T.; Bezada, Maximiliano and Montoya, Encarni
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 293(1-2) (pp. 154-163)

Palynological signal of the Younger Dryas in the tropical Venezuelan Andes (2010)
Rull, Valentí; Stansell, Nathan D.; Montoya, Encarni; Bezada, Maximiliano and Abbott, Mark B.
Quaternary Science Reviews, 29(23-24) (pp. 3045-3056)

Paleoecology of the Guayana Highlands (northern South America): Holocene pollen record from the Eruoda-tepui, in the Chimantá massif (2009)
Nogué, Sandra; Rull, Valentí; Montoya, Encarnacion; Huber, Otto and Vegas-Vilarrúbia, Teresa
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 281(1-2) (pp. 165-173)

Paleoecología del Holoceno en la Gran Sabana, SE Venezuela: análisis preliminar de polen y microcarbones en la Laguna EncantadaHolocene paleoecology of the Gran Sabana, SE Venezuela: preliminary pollen and microcharcoal analysis at LagunaEncantada (2009)
Montoya, E.; Rull, V.; Nogué, S. and Díaz, W. A.
Collectanea Botanica, 28(1) (pp. 65-79)

Bureaucratic obstruction of conservation science in the Guayana Highlands (2008-06)
Rull, Valentí; Vegas, Teresa; Nogué, Sandra and Montoya, Encarnacion
Conservation Biology, 22(3) (pp. 508-509)

Pleistocene landscapes in central Iberia inferred from pollen analysis of hyena coprolites (2007-02)
Carrión, J. S.; Scott, L.; Arribas, A.; Fuentes, N.; Gil-Romera, G. and Montoya Romo, E.
Journal of Quaternary Science, 22(2) (pp. 191-202)

The Holocene and Upper Pleistocene pollen sequence of Carihuela Cave, southern Spain (2007-01)
Fernández, Santiago; Fuentes, Noemí; Carrión, José; González-Sampériz, Penélope; Montoya, Encarna; Gil, Graciela; Vega-Toscano, Gerardo and Riquelme, José A.
Geobios, 40(1) (pp. 75-90)

Quaternary palaeoclimatology, neotropical diversity and potential effects of global warming (2007)
Rull, Valenti; Vegas-Vilarrúbia, Teresa; Nogué Bosch, Sandra; Montoya Romo, Encarnación; Cañellas, N. and Lara, A.
Contributions to Science, 3(3) (pp. 405-413)

El origen de la Gran Sabana: pistas del pasado. (2012-09)
Rull, Valenti and Montoya, Encarni
In: Sánchez-Villagra, M. R. ed. Venezuela Paleontológica: Evolución de la biodiversidad en el pasado geológico. (pp. 335-346)
ISBN : 978-3-033-03606-2 | Publisher : Universität Zürich | Published : Zürich

Montcortès: Pallars Sobirà, Baix Pallars, Lleida Holoceno tardío, último milenio (1150-30 años cal. BP, 800-1920 años AD) (2012)
Montoya, Encarni; Vegas-Vilarrúbia, Teresa and Rull, Valenti
In: Carrión, José S.; Fernández, Santiago; Fierro, Elena; López-Merino, Lourdes and Munuera, Manuel eds. Paleoflora y Paleovegetación de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares: Plioceno-Cuaternario. (pp. 333-336)
ISBN : 978-84-615-9026-1 | Publisher : Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad | Published : Madrid

Paleoenvironmental trends in Venezuela during the last glacial cycle (2010-06-25)
Rull, Valenti; Abbott, Mark B.; Vegas-Vilarrúbia, Teresa; Bezada, Maximiliano; Montoya, Encarni; Nogué, Sandra and González, Catalina
In: Sánchez-Villagra, Marcelo R.; Aguilera, Orangel A. and Carlini, Alfredo A. eds. Urumaco and Venezuelan Palaeontology: The Fossil Record of the Northern Neotropics. Life of the Past (pp. 52-83)
ISBN : 978-0-253-35476-1 | Publisher : Indiana University Press | Published : Bloomington, IN