Critical criminology, comparative youth justice, globalisation, crime, harm and social policy.
I was a founding member and Director of The Open University’s International Centre for Comparative Criminological Research (ICCCR) from 2003 to 2011. My main research involves establishing the parameters of a comprehensive youth criminology capable of moving beyond narrow discipline boundaries by drawing on cultural studies, media studies, social history, the sociology of education, labour-market studies, the sociology of youth and social policy as well as criminological knowledge. A summation of this work can be found in the publication Youth and Crime published by Sage (1st edition 1999, 2nd edition 2004, 3rd edition 2009, 4th edition 2015). My current research focuses on comparative analysis of global youth justice reform, international policy transfers and compliance with children’s rights conventions.
Since 2006 I have been the co-editor of the journal Youth Justice: An International Journal.
Other key projects have been the compilation, authoring and editing of the first Dictionary of Criminology to be published in the UK (Sage Publications, 1st edition 2001, 2nd edition 2006, 3rd edition 2013) and the editing of classic and contemporary criminological texts to construct Criminological Perspectives: Essential Readings (Sage Publications, 1st edition 1996, 2nd edition 2002, 3rd edition 2013).
‘Juvenile Justice: International Law and Children's Rights’ in The International Encyclopaedia of Social and Behavioural Sciences, 2nd edition, Elsevier, 2015 (with B. Goldson).
Youth Crime and Justice: Critical Issues, 2nd edition, Sage, 2015 (edited with B. Goldson).
Youth and Crime, 4th edition, Sage, 2015.
‘Global Criminal Justice’ in Understanding Global Social Policy, 2nd edition, Policy Press, 2014.
The SAGE Dictionary of Criminology, 3rd edition, Sage, 2013 (edited with E. McLaughlin).
Criminological Perspectives: Essential Readings, 3rd edition, Sage, 2013 (edited with E. McLaughlin).
‘International Juvenile (In)Justice: Penal Severity and Rights Compliance’, International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 2 (2), 2013.
‘Youth Justice: In a child's best interests?’ in The SAGE Handbook of Punishment and Society, Sage, 2013 (with B. Goldson).
‘Towards a Global 'Child Friendly' Juvenile Justice?’ International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice, 40 (1), 2012 (with B. Goldson).
‘Illusions of Difference: Comparative Youth Justice in the Devolved United Kingdom’ British Journal of Criminology, 51 (1), 2011.
Crime: Local and Global, Willan/Open University, 2010 (edited with D. Talbot and R. Walters).
Criminal Justice: Local and Global, Willan/Open University, 2010 (edited with D. Drake and L. Westmarland).
‘Labelling, social reaction and social constructionism’ in the SAGE Handbook of Criminological Theory, Sage, 2010.
‘Comparative juvenile justice’ in Transnational Criminology Manual, Wolf Legal Publishers, 2010 (with B. Goldson).
‘On globalisation and exceptionalism’ in Comparative Criminal Justice and Globalisation, Ashgate, 2011.
‘Youth Justice’ in Criminal Justice, Oxford University Press, 2009 (with B. Goldson).
Youth and Crime, 3rd edition, Sage, 2009.
‘The United Nations, children’s rights and juvenile justice’ in Youth Justice Handbook, Willan, 2009.
‘The Punitive turn in Juvenile justice: Cultures of control and rights compliance in the USA and Western Europe, Youth Justice: an International Journal, 8 (2), 2008.
The SAGE Library of Criminology: Youth Crime and Juvenile Justice, vol.1 The ‘Youth Problem’, Sage, 2009 (edited with B. Goldson).
The SAGE Library of Criminology: Youth Crime and Juvenile Justice, vol.2 Juvenile Corrections, Sage, 2009 (edited with B. Goldson).
The SAGE Library of Criminology: Youth Crime and Juvenile Justice, vol.3 Children’s Rights and State Responsibilities, Sage, 2009 (edited with B. Goldson).
‘The theory and politics of criminalisation’ Criminal Justice Matters, no. 74, 2008.
‘Youth justice and the governance of young people: Global, international, national and local contexts’ in Youth, Globalisation and the Law, Stanford University Press, 2007.
The SAGE Library of Criminology: Criminal Justice and Crime Control, Vol. 1 Visions of Justice, Sage, 2007.
The SAGE Library of Criminology: Criminal Justice and Crime Control, Vol. 2 Punishment, Sage, 2007.
The SAGE Library of Criminology: Criminal Justice and Crime Control, Vol. 3 Risk, Prevention and Security, Sage, 2007.
Youth Crime and Justice: Critical Issues, Sage, 2006 (edited with B. Goldson).
Comparative Youth Justice: Critical Issues, Sage, 2006 (edited with B. Goldson).
The SAGE Dictionary of Criminology, 2nd edition, Sage, 2006 (edited with E. McLaughlin).
The SAGE Library of Criminology: Criminology Vol. 1 The Meaning of Crime, Sage, 2006.
The SAGE Library of Criminology: Criminology Vol. 2 The Causes of Crime, Sage, 2006.
The SAGE Library of Criminology: Criminology Vol. 3 Radical and Critical Criminologies, Sage, 2006.
‘Repenalisation and rights: Explorations in comparative youth criminology’, Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, 45 (1), 2006.
‘Rethinking youth justice: Comparative analysis, international human rights and research evidence’ Youth Justice, 6 (2), 2006 (with B. Goldson).
‘Governing young people: coherence and contradiction in contemporary youth justice’ Critical Social Policy, 26 (4), 2006.
‘The globalisation of crime control: the case of youth and juvenile justice’, Theoretical Criminology, 9 (1), 2005.
A repository of research publications and other research outputs can be viewed at The Open University's Open Research Online.
During my Open University career, from 1976 to 2011, I chaired or produced teaching materials for over 20 undergraduate and postgraduate courses in the fields of criminology, social policy, popular culture and youth studies including the undergraduate courses Social Work, Community Work and Society (DE206), Crime, Order and Social Control (D315), Crime and Justice (DD301) and Welfare, Crime and Society (DD208) and the postgraduate courses Doing Prison Research (D803), Youth Justice, Penality and Social Control (D864) and Community Safety, Crime Prevention and Social Control (D863).