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Dr Vincent Gauci

Profile summary

  • Central Academic Staff
  • Snr Lect in Earth Systems/Ecosystems Sci
  • Faculty of Science
  • Department of Environment, Earth & Ecosystems
  • vincent.gauci

Professional biography

I am an ecosystem ecologist and biogeochemist in the Department of Environment, Earth and Ecosystems and Senior Lecturer in Earth Systems and Ecosystem Science .

I direct the NERC Methane Network 'MethaneNet' www.methanenet.org and I am PI and Co-PI on numerous grants funded via the NERC, Defra, The AXA Research Fund, The Royal Society as well as other sources.

I am interested in the biogeochemistry of carbon-dense terrestrial ecosystems and how they interact with the atmosphere through the exchange of greenhouse gases.
 

These interests include the role of trees in mediating methane emissions from wetlands,  the effects of fires and disturbance on fluvial carbon fluxes from forested tropical peat-swamp forest catchments in South-East Asia, investigating the effects of restoration on lowland peatland processes. I also have an interest in the effects of acid rain sulfate deposition on methane emissions from both natural and artificial wetlands (rice paddies). Other interests include the effect of ancient atmospheric composition on wetland biogeochemistry and the effect of volcanic events on wetland ecosystem function.

 

 

Research interests

I am interested in the biogeochemistry of terrestrial ecosystems with particular interest in terrestrial/atmosphere exchange of chemically and radiatively important gases.
 

  • 2013-2016        AXA Research Fund Risks to the stability of carbon in tropical peatlands experiencing deforestation and drainage: Quantifying greenhouse gas exchange in response to change (€349,000) Principal Investigator
  • 2013-2016        NERC The contribution of trees to tropical wetland methane emissions £597,425 (total ~£750K to all partners – Universities of Bristol, Leicester and Nottingham). Principal Investigator
  • 2013-2015        Lowland peatland systems in England and Wales – evaluating greenhouse gas fluxes and carbon balances. Defra, competition code CTE1103 £157,170 (total grant value: £1,750,783) Co-PI 
  • 2010-2014        Investigation of peatland restoration (grip blocking) techniques to achieve best outcomes for methane and greenhouse gas emissions / balance. Defra competition code: CTE0945 £184,543 (total grant value:  £1,065,519) Co-PI 
  • 2010-15           MethaneNet Natural Environment Research Council:£306,512 Principal Investigator 
  • 2010                NERC Radiocarbon Facility: Radiocarbon dating of fluvial carbon losses following the exceptional 2009 peat swamp forest fires of Kalimantan, Borneo (Allocation Number 1474.0410) £12,480 Principal Investigator
  • 2009                Urgency: Quantifying fluvial carbon losses following the catastrophic 2009 peat swamp forest fires of Kalimantan, Borneo Natural Environment Research Council £69,624 Principal Investigator 
  • 2009                NERC Radiocarbon Facility: Effects of drainage on global peatland carbon storage (Allocation Number 1323.1008) £20,800 (to CEH supporting OU student S. Moore) Co-I 
  • 2007–09           Carbon balance and C offset potential of the Great Fen Project:  The Wildlife Trust and EEDA: £23,347 Principal Investigator and Consultant:
  • 2007–10           Dissolved organic carbon losses from natural and degraded tropical peatlands Natural Environment Research Council: £21,008 Principal Investigator
  • 2007–2008       Assessing methane emissions from temperate and tropical wetland trees: A new pathway for an old methane source? The Royal Society: £14,956 Principal Investigator.
  • 2007–2008        Regional Integration of CH4 Emission Studies (RICHES). UK Natural Environment Research Council: £102,281. Principal Investigator.                             
  • 2004-06            Woody wetland plants: an overlooked trace gas emission pathway? UK Natural Environment Research Council: £29,914 Principal Investigator
  • 2001-2004       Replacement Principal Investigator Methane and nitrous oxide from waste composting: fluxes and mitigation options. Joint NERC and Shanks Waste Solutions. £28,774.
  • 1999                 Potential impact of global changes in sulfur deposition on the atmospheric methane balance. NASA Planetary Biology Program $3,300. Visiting Fellow

Teaching interests

I have broad teaching interests in the Environmental Sciences. I am deputy module team Chair for  Ecosytems (S396) and module team member  for S288: Practical Science (where I teach 'planetary habitability') and on S216: Environmental Science, our cornerstone Environmental Science module where I teach, principaly on aspects of soil science, pollution and biogeochemistry.

Past module team membership includes S278 Earth's Physical Resources and U216: Environment

Research Activity

Research groups

NameTypeParent Unit
Centre for Earth, Planetary, Space and Astronomical Research (CEPSAR)CentreFaculty of Science
Ecosystems Research GroupResearch GroupFaculty of Science
OpenSpace Research CentreCentreFaculty of Social Sciences

Publications

The contribution of trees to ecosystem methane emissions in a temperate forested wetland (2015)
Pangala, Sunitha R.; Hornibrook, Edward R.C.; Gowing, David J. and Gauci, Vincent
Global Change Biology ((In press))
Investigations of freezing and cold storage for the analysis of peatland dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and absorbance properties (2015)
Peacock, Mike; Freeman, Chris; Gauci, Vincent; Lebron, Inma and Evans, Chris D.
Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts ((Early view))
Contrasting vulnerability of drained tropical and high-latitude peatlands to fluvial loss of stored carbon (2014-11)
Evans, Chris D.; Page, Susan E.; Jones, Tim; Moore, Sam; Gauci, Vincent; Laiho, Raija; Hruška, Jakub; Allott, Tim E. H.; Billett, Michael F.; Tipping, Ed; Freeman, Chris and Garnett, Mark H.
Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 28(11) (pp. 1215-1234)
A mesocosm study of the effect of restoration on methane (CH4) emissions from blanket peat (2014-10-12)
Green, Sophie ; Baird, Andy J.; Boardman, Carl P. and Gauci, Vincent
Wetlands Ecology and Management, 22(5) (pp. 523-537)
Controls on methane emissions from Alnus glutinosa saplings (2014-02)
Pangala, Sunitha R.; Gowing, David J.; Hornibrook, Edward R. C. and Gauci, Vincent
New Phytologist, 201(3) (pp. 887-896)
Reduction of the temperature sensitivity of minerotrophic fen methane emissions by simulated glacial atmospheric carbon dioxide starvation (2013-04-10)
Boardman, Carl P.; Gauci, Vincent; Fox, Andrew; Blake, Stephen and Beerling, David J.
Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 118(2) (pp. 462-470)
Deep instability of deforested tropical peatlands revealed by fluvial organic carbon fluxes (2013-01-31)
Moore, Sam ; Evans, Chris D.; Page, Susan E.; Garnett, Mark H.; Jones, Tim G.; Freeman, Chris; Hooijer, Aljosja; Wiltshire, Andrew J.; Limin, Suwido H. and Gauci, Vincent
Nature, 493 (pp. 660-663)
Trees are major conduits for methane egress from tropical forested wetlands (2013)
Pangala, Sunitha R.; Moore, Sam; Hornibrook, Edward R. C. and Gauci, Vincent
New Phytologist, 197(2) (pp. 524-531)
Invasive alien plants increase CH4 emissions from a subtropical tidal estuarine wetland (2012-11)
Tong, Chuan; Wang, Wei-Qi; Huang, Jia-Fang; Gauci, Vincent; Zhang, Lin-Hai and Zeng, Cong-Sheng
Biogeochemistry, 111(1-3) (pp. 677-693)
Contrasting wetland CH4 emission responses to simulated glacial atmospheric CO2 in temperate bogs and fens (2011-12)
Boardman, Carl P.; Gauci, Vincent; Watson, Jonathan S.; Blake, Stephen and Beerling, David J.
New Phytologist, 192(4) (pp. 898-911)
Contrasting nutrient stocks and litter decomposition in stands of native and invasive species in a sub-tropical estuarine marsh (2011-10)
Tong, Chuan; Zhang, Linhai; Wang, Weiqi ; Gauci, Vincent; Marrs, Rob; Liu, Baigui; Jia, Ruixia and Zeng, Congsheng
Environmental Research, 111(7) (pp. 909-916)
Fluvial organic carbon losses from a Bornean blackwater river (2011)
Moore, S.; Gauci, V.; Evans, C. D. and Page, S. E.
Biogeosciences, 8 (pp. 901-909)
Woody stem methane emission in mature wetland alder trees (2010-06)
Gauci, Vincent; Gowing, David J. G.; Hornibrook, Edward R. C.; Davis, Joanna M. and Dise, Nancy B.
Atmospheric Environment, 44(17) (pp. 2157-2160)
Response of peatland testate amoebae to simulated distal volcanogenic deposition of sulfate (2010-01)
Payne, Richard; Gauci, Vincent and Charman, Dan J.
Microbial Ecology, 59(1) (pp. 76-83)
Fluvial organic carbon losses from a Bornean black water river (2010)
Moore, S.; Gauci, V.; Evans, C. D. and Page, S. E.
Biogeosciences Discussions, 7(6) (pp. 8319-8343)
Predicting dissolved inorganic nitrogen leaching in European forests using two independent databases (2009-02-15)
Dise, N. B.; Rothwell, J. J.; Gauci, V.; van der Salm, C. and de Vries, W.
Science of the Total Environment , 407(5) (pp. 1798-1808)
Halving of the northern wetland CH4 source by a large Icelandic volcanic eruption (2008-09-11)
Gauci, Vincent; Blake, Stephen; Stevenson, David S. and Highwood, Eleanor J.
Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 113, Article G00A11(G3)
Suppression of rice methane emission by sulfate deposition in simulated acid rain (2008-07-30)
Gauci, Vincent; Dise, Nancy B.; Howell, Graham and Jenkins, Meaghan E.
Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 113(G00A07) (pp. 1-6)
Simultaneous inhibition of CH4 efflux and stimulation of sulphate reduction in peat subject to simulated acid rain (2006-12)
Gauci, Vincent and Chapman, Stephen J.
Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 38(12) (pp. 3506-3510)
Long-term suppression of wetland methane flux following a pulse of simulated acid rain (2005)
Gauci, Vincent; Dise, Nancy and Blake, Stephen
Geophysical Research Letters, 32(L12804)
Sulfate suppression of the wetland methane source in the 20th and 21st centuries (2004-08-24)
Gauci, Vincent; Matthews, Elaine; Dise, Nancy; Walter, Bernadette; Koch, Dorothy; Granberg, Gunnar and Vile, Melanie
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 101(34) (pp. 12583-12587)
Sulfate deposition and temperature controls on methane emission and sulfur forms in peat (2004-01)
Gauci, Vincent; Fowler, David; Chapman, Stephen J. and Dise, Nancy B.
Biogeochemistry, 71(2) (pp. 141-162)
Atmospheric impact of the 1783-1784 Laki Eruption: Part 1 Chemistry modelling (2003)
Stevenson, D.S.; Johnson, C.E.; Highwood, E.J.; Gauci, V.; Collins, W.J. and Derwent, R.G.
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 3 (pp. 487-507)
Controls on suppression of methane flux from a peat bog subjected to simulated acid rain sulfate deposition (2002-01)
Gauci, Vincent; Dise, Nancy and Fowler, David
Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16(1: 1004)
Methane production and transport in a tropical peatland (2014)
Hoyt, Alison; Pangala, Sunitha; Gandois, Laure; Cobb, Alex; Kai, Fuu-Ming; Xu, Xiaomei; Gauci, Vincent; Mahmud , Y.; Kamariah, A.; Eri, Jangarun and Harvey, Charles
In : AGU Fall Meeting (15-19 December 2014, San Francisco, CA, USA)
Methane emissions from woody stems of tropical and temperate wetland trees (2013-12-12)
Pangala, S. R.; Hornibrook, E. R.; Gowing, D. J.; Bastviken, D.; Enrich-Prast, A. and Gauci, V.
In : AGU Fall Meeting (9-13 Dec 2010, San Francisco, CA, USA)
Increased losses of organic carbon and destabilising of tropical peatlands following deforestation, drainage and burning (2013-12-09)
Moore, S.; Gauci, V.; Evans, C. and Page, S. E.
In : AGU Fall Meeting (9-13 Dec 2013, San Francisco, CA, USA)
Trees are important conduits for emission of methane from temperate and tropical wetlands (2013-04)
Gauci, Vincent; Pangala, Sunitha; Gowing, David and Hornibrook, Edward
In : European Geosciences Union General Assembly (07 – 12 April 2013, Vienna)
Reassessing the stable isotope composition assigned to methane flux from natural wetlands in isotope-constrained budgets (2013-04)
Hornibrook, Edward; Maxfield, Peter; Gauci, Vincent and Stott, Andrew
In : European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2013 (7-12 April 2013, Vienna, Austria)
Methane emission through trees in temperate and tropical wetlands (2012-12)
Pangala, Sunitha R.; Gauci, Vincent; Hornibrook, Edward R. C. and Gowing, David
In : AGU Fall Meeting (3-7 December 2012, San Francisco, CA, USA)
Considering scale when assessing wetland methane emissions: wetland forest soils versus wetland forests (2012-06)
Gauci, Vincent and Pangala, Sunitha R.
In : 9th INTECOL International Wetlands Conference: Wetlands In A Complex World (03-08 June 2012, Orlando, Florida) (p 156)
Methane emissions through trees in tropical and temperate forested wetlands (2012-06)
Pangala, Sunitha R.; Gauci, Vincent; Hornibrook, Edward R. C. and Gowing, David J.
In : 9th INTECOL International Wetlands Conference: Wetlands in a Complex World (03-08 June 2012, Orlando, Florida) (p 170)
Tree-mediated methane emissions from tropical and temperate peatlands (2012-04-26)
Pangala, S. R.; Gauci, V.; Hornibrook, E. R. C. and Gowing, D. J.
In : EGU General Assembly 2012 (22-27 April 2012, Vienna)
A large fluvial pulse of organic carbon following the Bornean peat swamp forest fires of 2009 (2011)
Gauci, Vincent; Moore, Sam; Evans, Chris and Page, Susan
In : European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2011 (3-8 April 2011, Vienna, Austria)
Fluvial organic carbon losses from a Bornean blackwater river (2010-12)
Moore, S.; Gauci, V.; Page, S.; Evans, C. and Limin, S.
In : 2010 AGU (American Geophysical Union) Fall Meeting (13-17 December 2010, San Francisco, CA, USA)
Do volcanic emissions affect carbon gas fluxes in peatlands? (2010-05-02)
Harrison, Nicola; Delmelle, Pierre; Toet, Sylvia; Gauci, Vincent and Ineson, Phil
In : European Geophysical Union General Assembly 2010 (2-7 May 2010, Vienna, Austria)
An integrative framework linking global wetland data sets with methane-flux observations from wetland field sites: development and testing of a methane-centric wetland classification system with boreal observations (2009-09-25)
Matthews, Elaine; Gauci, Vincent; Nilsson, Mats and Prigent, Catherine
In : 2nd International Symposium on Peatlands in the Global Carbon Cycle (25-30 September 2009, Prague, Czech Republic)
Losses of dissolved organic carbon from natural and degraded tropical peatlands in Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia (2009-09-25)
Moore, Samuel; Gauci, Vincent; Gosling, William; Page, Susan and Evans, Chris
In : 2nd International Symposium on Peatlands in the Global Carbon Cycle (25-30 September 2009, Prague, Czech Republic)
The effect of sulfate deposition on wetland methane emissions: historical, experimental and emissions monitoring Evidence (2008-12-15)
Gauci, V. and Wallage, Z. E.
In : American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting 2008 (15-18 December 2008, San Francisco, CA, USA)
Wetland methane emission response to last glacial maximum atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration (2008-12)
Boardman, C.; Gauci, V. and Beerling, D.
In : American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2008 (15-18 December 2008, San Francisco, USA)
Suppression of rice methane production and emission by low dose sulfate application (2006-12)
Gauci, V.; Dise, N. B. and Howell, G.
In : American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2006 (11–15 December 2006, San Francisco, USA)
Volcanic influences on the atmospheric methane budget (2003-04)
Gauci, V.; Blake, S. and Stevenson, D.
In : EGS - AGU - EUG Joint Assembly (6 - 11 April 2003, Nice, France)
Global impacts of sulfate deposition from acid rain on methane emissions from natural wetlands (2003-04)
Gauci, V.
In : EGS - AGU - EUG Joint Assembly (6 - 11 April 2003, Nice, France)
Climatic and chemical controls on methane emissions from wetlands (2002-06)
Matthews, Elaine; Gauci, Vincent and Prigent, Catherine
In : Society of Wetland Scientists Meeting (3-7 June, 2002, Lake Placid, New York)
Investigation of peatland restoration (grip blocking) techniques to achieve best outcomes for methane and greenhouse gas emissions/balance. Controlled Environment (Mesocosm) Experiment. Final Report to Defra. Project code SP1202 (2011)
Green, S; Boardman, Carl; Baird, A and Gauci, Vincent
Defra
Methane (CH4) flux data for Moidach More. Years 1997 - 1998 (2008)
Gauci, Vincent
National Centre for Ecolocigal Analysis and Synthesis
Carbon - Nitrogen Interactions in Forest Ecosystems - Final Report (2006)
Gunderson, P.; Berg, B.; Currie, W. S.; Dise, N. B.; Emmett, B. A.; Gauci, V.; Holmberg, M.; Kjonaas, O. J.; Mol-Dijkstra, J.; van der Salm, C.; Schmidt, I. K.; Tietema, A.; Wessel, W. W.; Vestgarden, L. S.; Akselsson, C.; De Vries, W.; Forsius, M.; Kros, H.; Matzner, E.; Moldan, F.; Nadelhoffer, K. J.; Nilsson, L. -O.; Reinds, G. J.; Rosengren, U.; Stuanes, A. O. and Wright, R. F.
Danish Centre for Forest, Landscape and Planning, Denmark.