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Mountain dynamics

Dr Tom Argles investigating the Laya shear zone in NW Bhutan in May 2010. Photo: Clare Warren

Our research into tectonics and mountain building covers the processes and mechanisms relating to how mountains form on the surface of our planet and how the continental crust deforms from the macroscale to the microscale. In particular, our research focuses on mountain belts that form during continent-continent collision, such as the modern Himalayas and Caucasus and the ancient Caledonides. We try to unravel how, when and how quickly the mountain belts formed, the tectonic processes and mechanisms in operation during their uplift, and how their growth fed back into the solid Earth-surface processes-climate system. We achieve this through a combination of geochronology, structural geology, geochemical studies and metamorphic/igneous petrology.

Mountain Dynamics is a key theme in our Dynamic Earth Research Group.

At any one time we commonly have two or three full-time PhD students, and have regular discussion meetings about the latest data from the laboratory and results/interpretations in recently published literature.

Qualifications available:



For detailed information on current fees visit Fees and funding.

Entry requirements:

Minimum 2:1 (or equivalent); prior research experience is preferred.

Potential research projects

We encourage enquiries from prospective students on any geochemical, petrological, structural or geochronological aspect of mountain building or tectonic process.

Lists of postgraduate research projects likely to be available for an October start usually become available the preceding November, with interviews in February.

Please also see further opportunities.

Current/recent research projects

  • The effect of crustal melting on the structural and geodynamic evolution of mountain belts
  • The evolution of major tectonic structures in mountain building processes
  • The role of major structures in driving exhumation during mountain building
  • Determining the evolving balance between buoyancy, tectonics and surface processes during plate collisions
  • The geochemistry of magmatism during and following plate collision

Potential supervisors

  • Dr Tom Argles – the evolution and provenance of highly deformed and metamorphosed rocks in orogenic belts
  • Professor Nigel Harris – links between tectonics and magmatism, the role of mountains in the Earth system, comparative tectonics along the Tethyan orogenic belts, how mountain building impacts on global climate
  • Dr Sarah Sherlock – 40Ar/39Ar geochronology
  • Dr Clare Warren – metamorphic evolution, U-Pb and 40Ar/39Ar geochronology, geodynamic evolution

Further information

If you have an enquiry specific to this research area please contact:

Administrative support
+44 (0)1908 332 943

For general enquiries please contact the Research Degrees Team via the link under 'Your Questions' on the right of the page.