This is an archive of documents on Mozambique not readily available elsewhere, and references to Mozambique articles on other websites.
Last updated: 10 March 2014
Eleições Nacionais 2014 National Elections.
Exchange rates and minimum wages - 1996-2013
For three years, Mozambique has been devaluing the currency against the South African Rand, which benefits Maputo consumers but makes it ever harder for local producers to compete against imports. Minimum wages remain steady, at $83 per month for farm workers tand $129 in industry. Minimum wage & exchange rate charts and tables.
Coal and gas
Agriculture & land - the next book
We are currently working on the next book, tentatively titled Small farmers or big investors? The choice for Mozambique. Below is a collection of reports and related material. See also the land and biofuels section of this website.
Gurue soya boom
Thousands of subsistence farmers in Gúruè district are earning small amounts of money from soya. However, about 100 farmers earned more than $1000 profit from soya, and have become small commercial farmers. But land conflicts are increasing.
Gúruè produced nearly 6000 tonnes of soya this year, adding more than $2 million to the local economy. Soya is a "revolution for the population," Gúruè Permanent Secretary Tito Celestino said. And the growth potential for soya is huge.
Soya boom in Gurue updated (Hanlon-Smart Research Report 1; 10 Sept 2012 updated 23 Sept 2013; 258 kb)
O boom da soja no Gurué revisado
Making money farming in Manica
Chickens and beer on the road to growth
Irrigation - only for the President to see
Irrigation pumps installed in Nante, Zambézia, following the visit of President Armando Guebuza in May 2010, have never been used. He promised pumps would be installed within 45 days, and they were. But motors did not match the pumps, so cannot be used.
Report in English and Portuguese
World Bank conference paper on land
"Confrontation Between Peasant Producers and Investors in Northern Zambézia, Mozambique, in the Context of Profit Pressures on European Investors" by Simon Norfolk and Joseph Hanlon. Paper presented at the World Bank Annual Conference on Land and Poverty, Washington DC, 23-25 April 2012
Paper in English and Portuguese
Agriculture: Obana vs Annan models
The G8 and the Africa Progress Panel offer different agricultural development models
Donor agriculture proposals
USAID proposals for G8 agriculture agreement with Mozambique, including the list of companies which might participate, and the World Bank policy matrix. Both documents appear to be the donor proposals to which they government has yet to agree.
Pro-Savana is a joint Japanese-Brazilian-Mozambican agricultural development programme for the Nacala corridor based on a similar Japanese-supported programme in the Brazilian cerrado. It is proving controversial. See Mozambique News Reports and Clippings 209 and 210 for more details. We are posting here a range of documents.
A defence of Pro-Savana by Natalia Fingermann, Os mitos por trás do ProSavana (The myths behind ProSavana, but in Portutuguese only) , has been published by IESE (Instituto de Estudos Sociais e Económicos; Institute of Social and Economic Studies) in Maputo. This has been challenged by Sayaka Funada-Classen in Examining Natalia Fingermann’s “Myths behind ProSAVANA” and in Portuguese Análise de "Mitos por trás do ProSAVANA" de Natália Fingermann. She has also written Analysis of the Discourse and Background of the ProSAVANA Programme in Mozambique – focusing on Japan’s role in English and in Portuguese as Análise do Discurso e dos Antecedentes do Programa ProSAVANA em Moçambique – enfoque no papel do Japão in which she argues "this programme started as a political, diplomatic, commercial and publicity project, and has not been initiated from the needs of the local inhabitants"
Estrangeirização da terra, agronegócio e campesinato no Brasil e em Moçambique. Elizabeth Alice Clements e Bernardo Mançano Fernandes
2011 & 2012 municipal by-elections
There were by-elections (eleicoes intercalares) for mayor (presidente) on 7 December 2011 in Cuamba, Pemba and Quelimane, and on 18 April 2012 in Inhambane. These are various related documents:
Full text of approved ethics law
Parliament (Assembleia da República) on 11 May 2012 passed the ethics and conflict of interest law. Originally presented as Lei do Servidor Público (Public Servants Law), it was retitled Lei de Probidade Pública (Public Probity Law). The file is large and is broken into four parts. The text is in Portuguese; there is not yet an English translation.
Frelimo 10th Congress
The 10th party congress in Pemba 23-28 September 2102. Mainly reports of Political Commission and Central Committee elections. (There was little policy debate.)
Political Commission candidates lists. Continuidade Mulheres and Areas Económicas e Sociais are missing.
After heavy rains, there was serious flooding in southern Mozambique. On Wednesday 23 January the city of Chokwe was totally flooded and flood waters had reached the level of the 2000 flood. Floodwaters hit Xai Xai on Saturday 26 January, but were lower than 2000. The peak passed relatively quickly and the clean-up began in on 29 January.
We will post flood reports as they become available.
Nearly all are in Portuguese.
There is a very detailed daily Boletin Hidrológio National (National Water Bulletin) which gives current water levels compared to other years and flood levels.
There are excellent annotated satellite pictures on the website of the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), which are updated regularly.