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News Reports 2009/11

News Reports and Clippings 2009-2011


Mozambique most corrupt in region

Mozambique is the most corrupt country in southern Africa, with 68% of people having paid a bribe in the past year, according to a survey by Transparency International and Gallup. More than a third of those using health services or education had to pay a bribe.
But the media in Mozambique is most trusted in the region.

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Daily Lives and Corruption, Public Opinion in Mozambique, Nov 2011 (381 kb)

Daily Lives and Corruption, Public Opinion in Southern Africa (512 kb)


New agriculture plan makes major changes

A new agriculture policy puts stress on small commercial farmers, not foreign investors, and gives support to contract farming. It is more interventionist, with a return to a marketing board and input subsidies. And it reverses a series of disastrous policies that had been imposed by the World Bank.

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document PEDSA - Plano do Sector Agrário - Maio de 2011 (496 Kb)


New poverty plan

The new Poverty Reducation Action Plan 2011-2014 was approved on 3 May 2011. PARP, Plano de Acção para a Redução da Pobreza 2011-2014.

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document PARP 2011-2014 English (680 Kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document PARP 2011-2014 Port (600 Kb)


Vale/Columbia/Sachs on Zambezi valley development

Credit, subsidy and locally based research are needed to develop small-holder agriculture, which should be the focus of government policy, concludes a study of the Zambezi River valley by Jeffrey Sachs' Columbia University Earth Institute. This is a draft for comment. A sponsor of the report is Vale, a big coal mine operator.

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Zambezi Basin development - consultative draft 1 June 2011 (2.6 Mb)


Cashew value chain study

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Value chain finance assessment of the cashew nuts sector - April 2011 (2.3 Mb)


CMI poverty studies

Chr. Michelsen Institute has a series of three on-going studies on poverty in Maputo city and Nampula and Sofala provinces. Updates on Maputo were issued in early 2011.

CMI poverty studies


German study of Open Presidency - Presidência Aberta

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Comunicado de Impresnsa: Estudo do DIE sobre a prestação de contas em Moçambique (68 Kb)

Accountability through Dialogue: the Presidencîa Aberta e Inclusiva in Mozambique. German Development Institute Briefing Paper 6/2011 (1.3 Mb)


Unicef on child poverty in Mozambique

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Child Poverty & Deprivations in Mozambique 2010 - Unicef - 27June2011 (5.4 M)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document The Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) undertaken in 2008 by the National Statistics Institute (INE) with the support of the UNICEF. A sample of 14,000 families provided information on the situation of children and women in Mozambique. (2.7 Mb)



Carbon credit project problems

A carbon-credits driven development project near the Gorongosa park run by two men who became notorious in the apartheid era is in trouble, according to an article in the London Sunday Observer on April 11.

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Detailed report plus long set of web links, in News Reports & Clippings 161 (83 kb)

"Carbon credit documentary should not have been shown, BBC admits" by Mark Olden and Michael Gillard, The Observer, London, Sunday 11 April 2010

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Evaluation of N'hambita Pilot Project by AGRECO Consortium (Nov 2009; 968 kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Miombo community land use and carbon management - N’hambita pilot project, by ODI (May 2008; 347 kb)

"Mozambique: EU denounces socialite’s carbon offset project" by Michael Gillard and Mark Olden, The Times (London), Sunday 4 January 2009.

Envirotrade reply to Sunday Times article and comments on N’hambita Community Carbon project, January 2009


2010 Floods

Flooding in the basins of the Zambezi, Pungue and Buzi rivers led the Council of Ministers to impose a red alert from 10 to 23 March 2010. These are the official reports given to the Council of Ministers, with extensive detail on various river flows and comparisons with previous flood years.

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document INGC Informação Semanal ao Conselho de Ministros 23 de Março de 2010 (446 kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Boletim Hidrológico Nacional referente ao dia 16/03/2010 (468 kb)

Icon - Microsoft Power Point document Informação Semanal apresentada hoje (16/03/10) ao Conselho de Ministros  (1.9 Mb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Informação Sobre a Época. Período de 09 de Março a 14 de Março de 2010 INGC/MAE (468 kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Mozambique flood report 10 March 2010 (large file - 1.9 Mb)


Donor strike (Dec 2009 - Mar 2010)

Budget support donors (G19) sent two letters to government in December 2009, demanding rapid moves on electoral law reforms, corruption, conflict of interest, and the overlap between the Frelimo party and the state. Budget support was suspended. On 5 February 2010 Aiuba Cuereneia, Minister for Planning and Development and the main government negotiator with the donors, sent a reply to the G19, setting out the government position and making few concessions. His letter is below. This is followed by two G19 papers from mid-February, setting out the G19 response to the Cuereneia letter. Negotiations in early March led to an agreement announced 24 March and a resumption of the flow of money. It was widely seen that the donors had lost the strike. The government March proposal, below, offered only one concession -- that the government would submit a proposed electoral law to parliament quickly (by May 2010) and would not go through the detailed and lengthy public consultation demanded by civil society and the Constitutional Council. All other issues raised would be dealt with through the normal G19 consultation process.

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Aiuba Cuereneia, Resposta as Preoccupações Levantadas, 5 Feb 10 (600 kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document G19: Comparing government response to list of 10 "issues raised" by G19 on 10 December (11 Feb 2010; 173 kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document G19 Negotiation Objectives (17 February 2010; 184 kb)

Government tabled a document with a single concession - item 1.i on page 1, elaborated on page 3, to table electoral legislation with parliament by May. This meant not doing the broader consultation and rewriting of the legislation demanded by the Constitutional Council and civil society, but meant that an initial action would be taken before an assertive donor ambassador left Mozambique. The remainder of this long document is purely face-saving for donors, as all items will be dealt with in the normal G19 consultation process.

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Government proposal to end strike, as accepted by donors (7.1 Mb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Joint donor-government statement 24 March 2010 (English, 75 kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Comunicado de Imprensa - O Governo de Moçambique e os Parceiros de Apoio Programático (24-03-10 - 77 kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Statement of G19 head and Finnish ambassador Kari Alanko (24-3-10 5kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document AIM report of 24 March 2010 G19-government press conference (47 kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Mozambique 157 with article on donor strike (8 March 2010; 68 kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Mozambique 159 with article on donor strike (18 March 2010; 48 kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Mozambique 159 clippings on donor strike (18 March 2010; 64 kb)


Poverty strategy impact evaluation

Eleven studies by donors and government evaluating the most recent poverty reduction strategy, PARPA II (Plano de acção para a redução da pobreza absoluta, 2006-2009), are now being widely circulated and are posted in this website. Click on the button the left ‘Unpublished references for "Do Bicycles Equal Development?" and other documents’ and then on the subsection PRSP/PARPA.


2007 census results

Detailed results from Mozambique’s 2007 census are being published on a province by province basis. One version is on the National Statistics Institute (Instituto Nacional de Estatística) website. A slightly different version, with data on some different questions, is being provided at provincial press conferences. There is interesting data on language, religion, population shifts, education, and possessions such as bicycles and mobile telephones. These are posted below, in very large PowerPoint files.

National Statistics Institute (Instituto Nacional de Estatística)

Icon - Microsoft Power Point document Maputo city (16.7 Mb)

Icon - Microsoft Power Point document Maputo province (17.1 Mb)

Icon - Microsoft Power Point document Gaza (18.2 Mb)

Icon - Microsoft Power Point document Inhambane (16.2 Mb)

Icon - Microsoft Power Point document Sofala (14.9 Mb)

Icon - Microsoft Power Point document Manica (13.9 Mb)


Disappointing government performance means no extra budget support

Reports of 28 May pledges and 29 April joint government donor aide-memoire.

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Mozambique Political Process Bulletin 39 - 10 June 2009 (341 kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Boletim sobre o processor Político em Moçambique 39 - 10 de Junho de 2009 (343 kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Sheridan statement of G19 pledges (Eng & Port) (66 kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Sheridan RC closing speech 29 04 09 (99kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Revisão Conjunta 2009 Aide Mémoire (366 kb)

Icon - Microsoft Power Point document Apresentacao Revisão Conjunta 2009 (922 kb)

Icon - Microsoft Word document Comunicado de imprensa 29 04 2009 (77kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Revisão do Desempenho dos PAPs (650 kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Discurso do Embaixador da Finlandia 29 04 09 (29kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Discurso do Ministro das Financas 29 04 09 (43kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document PAF indicators for 2008 (37 kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document QAD Governo 2008 (25kb)

New budget support agreement

The 19 budget support donors signed a new five-year memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Mozambican government on 18 March. There are several important subtle changes - donors have increased their scope to put pressure on government (particularly over corruption) and to be even more deeply involved in government planning processes, but individual donors have accepted a reduction in space for unilateral action.

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Joint government-donor press statement (107 kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Statement by donor head Frank Sheridan (46 kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Full 2009 Memorandum of Understanding (90 pages, 566 kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document J Hanlon report on new MoU (50 kb)

Budget support donors website - with details of reviews, evaluations, etc


Cholera epidemic and protests

Cholera is now present in most of Mozambique, and the epidemic is becoming more serious. In the first 12 weeks of 2009, 13,000 cases were reported, with 140 deaths. This is a mortality rate of 1.1%, which is considered low. But there are already more cases than all of 2008, when there were 12,000 cases and 150 deaths.
Protestors attacked a cholera treatment centre and a prevention team in Cabo Delgado and have killed two Red Cross volunteers and a policeman. This is a repeat of incidents in coastal Nampula seven years ago, in which brigades putting chlorine in wells were instead accused of putting cholera in the wells, and were attacked. Those protests were studied by Carlos Serra and a team from Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, and published in 2003 in an excellent small book Cólera e catarse. The shocking finding of the study was that poor people strongly believed that the rich and powerful wanted to kill them.
On 17 March, at least 12 people suffocated to death in an overcrowded police cell -- most had been arrested after cholera protests.

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document The panic and rage of the poor - article by J Hanlon on cholera violence, lynchings (23 Mar 09; 137 kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document 13 dead in police cell (55 kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Preface & summary (English & Portuguese) to Carlos Serra - Cólera e catarse (29 kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Carlos Serra - Cólera e catarse - full text (Portuguese) (715 kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Cholera epidemic & protests at 10 March 09 (47kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document OCHA Regional Cholera Update No3 09Jan09 (3.4 Mb)


Mozambique local elections November 2008

A daily Bulletin is being published during the election period

To subscribe: Para assinar:
In English:
Em Português:
There is also a website with additional material, including text messages from "citizen correspondents":
In English:
Em Português:


New Mozambique book

Is Mozambique an African success story? It has 7% a year growth rate and substantial foreign investment. It is the donors' model pupil, but poverty is increasing. The number of bicycles has doubled and this is often cited as the symbol of development. In his book, Do bicycles equal development in Mozambique? Joseph Hanlon challenges key assumptions of both the donors and the government. The book has been published in Portuguese and will be available in English in November.

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Hanlon e Smart lançam livro sobre Moçambique

Massingir dam accident report

A report on an accident at the Massingir dam in May 2008 points to errors in the original construction and in recent repairs. The accident caused major damage and will reduce the water available for biofuel and rice production.

Icon - Microsoft Word document AIM summary of official report (36 kb)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document Comissão de inquérito ao acidente da barragem de Massingir - Relatório (780 kb)

Inquiry finds $8 mn stolen from social security

High ranking officials in the National Social Security Institute (INSS) stole $8 million between 2002 and 2008, according to a commission of enquiry set up by Labour Minister Helena Taipo following denunciations of serious irregularities. In an unprecedented action, a summary of the commission report was published by Taipo on 3 June 2008. It names the ministry officials and companies involved in the frauds.

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document AIM report on enquiry (12 kb)

Icon - Microsoft Power Point document Ministry of Labour report on inquiry commission (212 kb)

36,000 Mozambicans flee South African xenophobia; 23 dead

More than 36,000 Mozambicans fled the attacks on foreigners in South Africa. At least 23 Mozambicans have been killed. Below are reports from the Mozambican National Disaster Management Institute (Instituto Nacional de Gestão de Calamidades) and from the Mozambican press agency AIM. On 2 June 2008 the emergency phase of the repatriation was declared as over. Several thousand Mozambicans remained in emergency centres in South Africa set up by the Mozambican government, but they decided not to return to Mozambique, hoping the violence would end.

Icon - Microsoft Word document End of emergency 2.6.8 (84 kb)

Icon - Microsoft Power Point document Instituto Nacional de Gestão de Calamidades special report 6 - 27.05.08 (268 kb)

Icon - Microsoft Word document Mais de 28,999 moçambicanos regressaram ao País - Instituto Nacional de Gestão de Calamidades (INGC) - 27.05.08 (40 kb)

Icon - Microsoft Word document Mozambican death toll now 23 - AIM 26.05.08 (23 kb)

Who protects Carlos Cardoso’s assassin?

Anibal dos Santos Junior ("Anibalzinho") was convicted of leading the death squad that murdered Mozambique's foremost investigative journalist, Carlos Cardoso, in 2000. He was jailed for 30 years.

But Anibalzinho has "powerful protection" which must be investigated, said Lucinda Cruz, the lawyer for Cardoso’s family, in her final statement in the trial.

Cruz noted that Anibalzinho renounced his Mozambican nationality so that he would not have to do military service, yet he was allowed to stay in Mozambique for another decade despite having no job and being arrested several times. Despite the existence of two arrest warrants, no attempt was made to detain or expel him. "Who protects him, allowing him to commit crimes continually, with arrest warrants never served, even though his usual residence is well known," Cruz asked.

He was finally arrested after the Cardoso murder, but was twice able to escape from maximum security prisons. "His protection is so powerful that Anibal had the confidence to show total arrogance and disrespect to the court" during his retrial in December 2005, declared Cruz.

Cruz said that "what is most strange" was that Anibalzinho was willing to incriminate himself in the crime, yet went out of his way to proclaim the innocence of the family of then President Joaquim Chissano, especially his son Nhimpine Chissano, as well as the Mozambican government and the Frelimo party. "Why was he obsessed with defending these people and entities?" Cruz asked.

Anibalzinho had already been convicted in absentia in 2003 after he had escaped from the "maximum security" prison. The Supreme Court ordered that he should be allowed to be present, and after he was returned to Mozambique after his second escape, the trial was reopened. Cruz also called for Anibalzinho, a Portuguese citizen, to serve his sentence in Portugal to prevent him "escaping" for a third time.

Icon - Microsoft Word document AIM report on Lucinda Cruz final statement (46KB)

Icon - Adobe Acrobat pdf document DNA 11Feb08 BHN 67 (235 kb)

Spectacular photos of the explosive demolition of the 4 Seasons Hotel

Icon - Microsoft Word document Photos of the 4 Seasons Hotel demolition, Maputo, 31 March 2007 (1.2 mb)

Icon - Microsoft Word document draft - lei de recenseamento eleitoral - registration law - Set 2006 (207 KB)

Two external agencies did reports on the explosion shortly afterwards, which come to similar conclusions.

Icon - Microsoft Word document Summary of UNDP's 'Quick Look' report, done 3 days after the explosion (35 kb)

Report on the explosion by the Institute for Security Studies in South Africa


Munitions explosion kills 103 in Maputo

An explosion in an arms dump at Mahlazine, next to Maputo airport, on 22 March 2007 killed at least 103 people, injured more than 500, and damaged or destroyed 1300 houses. The explosion was probably caused by unstable propellant which deteriorated in the improperly stored rockets and spontaneously combusted. The official commission investigating the explosion revealed staggering incompetence and "manifest irregularities" in the storage of munitions.

Icon - Microsoft Word document Presidência Comunicado on the report of the Comissão de Inquérito (11 April 2007; 95 kb)