I am Senior Lecturer in the School of Mathematics and Statistics, and lead the Mathematics Education team.

I was educated at Cambridge, IOE and London Metropolitan Universities, where I completed a mathematics degree, then a PGCE, MA, and eventually PhD in Mathematics Education. After my early years teaching mathematics in secondary comprehensive schools in Hertfordshire and Suffolk, I became a teacher educator and researcher. I have worked on the mathematics pedagogy aspects of teacher education at Homerton College and the Education Faculty, Cambridge and then UCL IOE in London, where I also led the Masters in Mathematics Education. I joined the Open University in July 2017 with responsibility for research and curriculum development.

My main research theme is participation in pre-university mathematics. From a post-structural perspective, I research the discourses of ability, pleasure, gender and exceptionalism that are produced by the current English system in which students choose whether to study mathematics after age 16, and in how these discourses may change as government policy moves towards compulsory mathematics across different pathways. From a practical perspective, I am interested in how teachers learn to teach the connected topics of A-level mathematics, and how schools and universities can promote girls' and women's participation in mathematics.

My 2020 projects have been to map the mathematics curricula of the four United Kingdom Nations, producing a comparative report for the Joint Mathematics Council, and within the Open University to write a new mathematics education module on Learning and Doing Geometry (co-authored with Sue Forsythe and Rebecca Rosenberg).

I was principal investigator of a research project *Supporting Advanced Mathematics*, funded as part of the Further Mathematics Support Programme 2014-17, that used research to identify and develop strategies for increasing participation and capacity in A-level mathematics. Sub-projects included: identifying strategies used by schools with high girls' participation in mathematics; studying the effects on teachers and departments of engaging with the FMSP to provide Further mathematics, studying the rationale, induction and professional learning effects of teaching A-level in early career.

I have contributed to mathematics curriculum evaluations both small scale, e.g. for The European Schools, and international comparisons e.g. NCEE's International Instructional Systems Study.

I have worked on subject knowledge and pedagogy strands of teacher training at undergraduate, post-graduate and masters level, as well as supervising doctoral students. I am now working on the production and presentation of the OU's undergraduate modules in Mathematics Education and its short courses for teachers on Open Learn.

My work on mathematics participation and teaching A-level in early career has contributed to developing a DfE-funded course for new teachers targeted at A-level, and now informs the OU's development of courses for teachers on Open Learn and within the undergraduate degree. The Mathematics Education team work closely with schools and colleges via the Maths Hubs, notably our local Enigma Hub.

I prioritise engaging with the mathematics education research community, and encouraging teachers to read research and relate it to their practice. Current thoughts are shared on Twitter as @itchymaths and through the mathematics education blog http://www.open.ac.uk/blogs/MathEd/. I have taken part in the Mathematips podcast discussing what Berstein's theory of knowledge can offer maths teachers.

I am a member of the Institute of Mathematics and its Applications, and honorary senior lecturer at UCL Institute of Education.

Aiming to have an impact on education policy, I chair the Secondary (11-16) contact group for the Royal Society's Advisory Committee on Mathematis Education. I am on the Expert Advisory Group of the EEF's Centres for Excellence in Mathematics.

I am an editor of the journal Teaching Mathematics and its Applications.

I attend the Language and Mathematics Working Group of the European Society for Research in Mathemaitcs Education, and the Mathematics, Education and Society conferences.

Special issue editorial: restarting the new normal (2021-12)

Gillard, Jonathan; Ketnor, Claire; Mac An Bhaird, Ciarán and Smith, Cathy

Teaching Mathematics and its Applications: An International Journal of the IMA, 40(4) (pp. 249-253)

Discourses of time and maturity structuring participation in mathematics and further mathematics (2020)

Smith, Cathy

British Journal of Sociology of Education, 41(2) (pp. 160-177)

[Editorial] Special issue: Preparing to teach mathematics pathways beyond 16 (2018-06-04)

Smith, Cathy; Golding, Jennie and Bretscher, Nicola

Teaching Mathematics and its Applications: An International Journal of the IMA, 37(2) (pp. 53-54)

Designing teacher education for pre-university mathematics: articulating and operationalising pedagogic messages (2018-06-04)

Smith, Cathy and Bretscher, Nicola

Teaching Mathematics and its Applications: An International Journal of the IMA, 37(2) (pp. 84-97)

Teaching A-level in Early Career: Induction, Support and Professional Learning (2018-06-04)

Smith, Cathy and Golding, Jennie

Teaching Mathematics and its Applications: An International Journal of the IMA, 37(2) (pp. 55-68)

Learning to teach contextualized problem-solving in a non-calculus mathematics pathway (2018-06)

Golding, Jennie; Smith, Cathy and Blayock, Mick

Teaching Mathematics and its Applications: An International Journal of the IMA, 37(2) (pp. 69-83)

[Book Review] Disaffection with school mathematics (2017)

Smith, Cathy

Research in Mathematics Education, 19(1) (pp. 97-101)

Curricular orientations to real-world contexts in mathematics (2016)

Smith, Cathy and Morgan, Candia

The Curriculum Journal, 27(1) (pp. 24-45)

Choosing more mathematics: happiness through work? (2010)

Smith, Cathy

Research in Mathematics Education, 12(2) (pp. 99-115)

Choosing The Future: Which Mathematics? (2020-07-07)

Smith, Cathy

In: Ineson, Gwen and Povey, Hilary eds. *Debates in Mathematics Education (2nd edition)*. Debates in Subject Teaching (pp. 269-281)

ISBN : 9780367074982 | Publisher : Routledge | Published : Abingdon

Developing subject knowledge (2019-05-09)

Webb, Charlotte and Smith, Cathy

In: Lee, Clare and Ward-Penny, Robert eds. *A practical guide to teaching mathematics in the secondary school (2nd ed)* (pp. 104-115)

ISBN : 9781138481206 | Publisher : Routledge | Published : Abingdon

Developing Subject Knowledge (2019-04-25)

Webb, Charlotte and Smith, Cathy

In: Lee, Clare and Ward-Penny, Robert eds. *A Practical Guide to Teaching Mathematics in the Secondary School (2nd edition)*. Routledge Teaching Guides (pp. 104-115)

ISBN : 9781351060714 | Publisher : Routledge

Choosing the Future: A-level Mathematics (2014)

Smith, Cathy

In: Leslie, Dawn and Mendick, Heather eds. *Debates in Mathematics Education*. Debates in Subject Teaching Series (pp. 196-206)

ISBN : 978-0-415-62383-4 | Publisher : Routledge | Published : London

‘Sometimes I Think Wow I’m Doing Further Mathematics…’: Balancing Tensions Between Aspiring and Belonging (2011)

Smith, Cathy

In: Atweh, Bill; Graven, Mellony; Secada, Walter and Valero, Paola eds. *Mapping Equity and Quality in Mathematics Education* (pp. 285-298)

ISBN : 978-90-481-9802-3 | Publisher : Springer | Published : Dordrecht

Teachers’ talk and gestures in online teaching videos about graphs (2022)

Kimber, Elizabeth and Smith, Cathy

In : Twelfth Congress of the European Society for Research in Mathematics Education (Feb 2022, Bozen-Bolzano, Italy (Online))

Senses of time and maturity structuring participation in advanced mathematics (2020-02-21)

Smith, Cathy

In : Seventh ERME Topic Conference on Language in the Mathematics Classroom (18-21 Feb 2020, Montpellier, France) (pp. 171-178)

Schools’ Strategies for Promoting Girls’ Participation in Mathematics (2018-07)

Smith, Cathy and Golding, Jennie

In : 42nd Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education (3-8 Jul 2018, Umeå, Sweden.) (pp. 211-218)

Taking a visibility perspective on gendering in secondary school mathematics

Smith, Cathy

In : 11th International Mathematics Education and Society Conference (24 Sep - 29 Sep 2021, University of Klagenfurt (Online)) (pp. 947-956)

Mathematics Education 5- 18 In The Four Nations: A comparative analysis (2020-07-06)

Smith, Cathy and Forsythe, Susan

The Joint Mathematical Council of the United Kingdom, London.

Gender and Participation in Mathematics and Further Mathematics: Final Report for the Further Mathematics Support Programme (2017-03)

Smith, Cathy and Golding, Jennie

Further Mathematics Support Programme

Teaching A-level Mathematics in Early Career: Report for the Further Mathematics Support Programme. (2017-01)

Smith, Cathy and Golding, Jennie

Further Mathematics Support Programme

Beginner mathematics teachers learning to teach and assess advanced problem solving (2016-11)

Golding, Jennie and Smith, Cathy

Further Mathematics Support Programme, London.

Wider school effects of engaging with the Further Mathematics Support Programme to introduce Further Mathematics: Final Report (2016-03)

Golding, Jennie and Smith, Cathy

Further Mathematics Support Programme

The participation of girls in further mathematics (2016-02)

Baldwin, Claire; de Pomerai, Sue and Smith, Cathy

The Institute of Mathematics and Its Applications (IMA), Mathematics Today.

Gender and Participation in Mathematics and Further Mathematics: Interim Report for the Further Mathematics Support Programme (2015-01)

Smith, Cathy and Golding, Jennie

Further Mathematics Support Programme

Gender and participation in mathematics and further mathematics A-levels: a literature review for the Further Mathematics Support Programme (2014)

Smith, Cathy

Further Mathematics Support Programme