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Devolution in Wales – test your knowledge

Understanding devolution in Wales course logo and photograph of the inside of the Senedd building

With exactly four weeks to go until the next Senedd Elections in Wales, we’ve launched Understanding Devolution in Wales, a new free course on OpenLearn, the OU’s free learning site.

What do you know about devolution and Welsh politics? Take our quiz to find out. (Answers are at the bottom of the page.)

 

 

 

  1. In which year was the National Assembly for Wales (now called the Senedd) created?
  2. What percentage of voters said ‘Yes’ to devolution in the first 1979 referendum?
  3. What percentage of voters said ‘Yes’ to devolution in the 1997 referendum?
  4. When the National Assembly for Wales was first created, what was the title held by the head of the government (now called First Minister)?
  5. How many Members of the Senedd (MSs) are elected to represent constituencies, and how many are elected to represent regions?
  6. Which proportional representation system is used to elect the 20 MSs who represent regions?
  7. What is the name of the role in the Senedd which broadly mirrors that of presiding officers and speakers in other parliaments?
  8. Which building housed the temporary debating chamber for the National Assembly for Wales until the Senedd was opened in 2006?
  9. That temporary debating chamber is now the debating chamber of whom?
  10. In which year did the National Assembly for Wales become the first legislature in the world to elect 50% female and 50% male representation?
  11. What is the name of the formula used by the UK Treasury to adjust the amounts of public expenditure allocated to Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland?
  12. Before 2011, from whom did the National Assembly for Wales have to seek permission before passing laws?
  13. Following the 2011 referendum, the National Assembly for Wales gained the power to pass acts into law for the first time in 600 years. What was the first act?
  14. In which year did the National Assembly for Wales officially become known as Senedd Cymru / Welsh Parliament?
  15. On what date will the 2021 Senedd election be held?

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Answers:

1. 1999. 2. 20.26% voted yes (243,048 votes). 79.74% voted no (956,330 votes). 3. 50.30% (559,419 votes). The Yes vote was carried by a narrow margin – 0.3% (6,700 votes). 4. First Secretary. 5. 40 MSs are elected to represent constituencies, and 20 are elected to represent regions (each of the five regions elects four). 6. The Additional Member System. The seats are calculated using the D’Hondt method. 7. The Llywydd. 8. Tŷ Hywel, formally known as Crickhowell House. 9. The Welsh Youth Parliament. 10. 2003. 11. The Barnett formula, named after Joel Barnett, who devised it in 1978. 12. The UK Parliament. 13. National Assembly for Wales (Official Languages) Act 2012. The Act consists principally of amendments to the Government of Wales Act 2006, and provides that the National Assembly for Wales shall have two official languages, English and Welsh; and that they shall be treated equally. 14. 2020, following the Senedd and Elections (Wales) Act 2020 which also saw the lowering of minimum voting age in Senedd elections to 16. 15. Thursday 6 May 2021 between 7 am and 10 pm. The voter registration deadline is 19 April. You can also apply for a postal vote by 20 April, or a proxy vote by 27 April. If you need to, you can apply for an emergency proxy vote up to the day of the election.

 

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