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Profile summary

  • Central Academic Staff
  • Professor in Systems
  • Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics
  • School of Engineering & Innovation
  • ray.ison

Professional biography

Appointed Professor of Systems at the Open University in 1994, my research and scholarship spans the biophysical and social and is primarily interdisciplinary and collaborative. At the Open University I have had periods as head of the former Systems Department (1995-8; 2005-6; 25 academic staff), Director of the Environmental Decision Making Program, and am now involved in: (i) managing and presenting the post-graduate program in Systems Thinking in Practice (STiP) and undertaking associated Systems scholarship; (ii) contributing to the activities of the Applied Systems Thinking in Practice Group and (iii) undertaking international research. 

In 2016 I was appointed an Academician of IASCYS (International Academy of Systems and Cybernetic Sciences) in ‘recognition of outstanding contributions to research and practice in systems and cybernetic sciences’. In the same year Wesley College (University of Sydney) awarded me its Foundation Medal for an “extraordinary contribution to Wesley College, to society in general or both”.

In 2014-15 I was President of the ISSS (International Society for the Systems Sciences); in 2016 I was elected as a Vice President of the International Federation for Systems Research (IFSR).  I am also a Director of the  World Organisation of Systems and Cybernetics (WOSC), and Chair of Trustees of the American Society of Cybernetics as well as a member of the UKSS.  

In 2008 I moved from a full-time to a fractional appointment at the Open University. In the other fraction I was from 2008-15 Professor, Systems for Sustainability at the Monash Sustainability Institute (MSI), Monash University, Melbourne, where I founded and led the Systemic Governance Research Program

In addition to my continuing OU responsibilities I have from 2016 managed an additional portfolio of research, scholarship and consulting activities mainly in Australia, South Africa and China. I also have appointments as an Adjunct Professor, Institute for Sustainable Futures, University of Technology, Sydney; as a Director, Systemic Development Institute (Australia) and as a Fellow, Centre for Policy Development (Australia).

Research interests

My most recent OU research role completed in early 2016 was as Chief Investigator within the international CADWAGO project (Climate change adaptation and water governance - reconciling food security, renewable energy and the provision of multiple ecosystem services).

With my OU colleagues Chris Blackmore, Kevin Collins and Natalie Foster we were responsible  for a work package (WP) on systemic governance and also contributed to a WP on governance learning. This project is funded by the Europe and Global Challenges Program, an initiative of  three Foundations: Compagnia di San Paolo, Turin/Italy, the Riksbanken Jubileumsfond, Stockholm/Sweden and the VolkswagenStiftung, Hannover/Germany. There were 76 proposals from international consortia; 15 were short listed and invited to proceed with main proposal and hearing and four were selected for funding from the 15.  

I have led and/or contributed to a number of major research programs and projects including:  

  • 2000-2004: SLIM (Social Learning for the Integrated Management and sustainable use of water at catchment scale) from 2000-04, a major interdisciplinary 5th Framework program (30 researchers, 6 countries) researching social learning for sustainable river catchment management;
  • 2003-8 Environment Agency (EA) funded research projects to develop and embed social learning approaches within  river basin planning and managing processes as well as the doing of integrated catchment science
  • 2000-2006: an EPSRC funded Systems Practice for Managing Complexity Network (see also SPMC)
  • 2009-10: Strengthening research capacity of China and South Africa in sustainable water resources management with UK and Australian experiences. The Ecosystems Services for Poverty Alleviation program (NERC/ESRC/DfID)

In all I have edited or co-edited nine Special Editions of Journals which have each had significant impact:

Smith, T., Plummer, R., Ison, RL, Powell, N.  eds (2016) Water, Special Issue "Water Governance in Times of Change: Perceptions, Institutions, Praxis and Learning" (see http://www.mdpi.com/journal/water/special_issues/water-governance )

Jiggins, J., Blackmore, C.P., Ison, R.L. & Röling, N. (2016) Editorial Outlook on Agriculture

Ison, R.L & Shelley, M. (2016) Editorial. Governing in the Anthropocene: Contributions from Systems Thinking in Practice? ISSS Yearbook Special Issue, Systems Research & Behavioral Science 33 (5) 589-594.

Jiggins, J., Ison, R.L. & Röling, N. (2014) Special issue: System innovation – towards sustainable agriculture. Introduction. Outlook on Agriculture, 43, (3), 145–146.

Godden, L., Ison, R.L., & Wallis, P. (2011) Editorial. Water governance in a climate change world: Appraising systemic and adaptive effectiveness, Water Resources Management (Special Issue) 25 (15) 3971-3976.

Collins, K.B. & Ison, R.L. (2009) Editorial. Living with environmental change: adaptation as social learning. Special Edition, Environmental Policy & Governance 19, 351-357.

Blackmore, C.P., Ison, R.L. & Jiggins, J. (2007) Editorial. Social learning: an alternative policy instrument for managing in the context of Europe's water.  Special Edition, Environmental Science & Policy 10 (6) 493-498.

Ison, R.L. (2005) Editorial. Geoffrey Vickers 2004: Contemporary applications and changing appreciative settings. Special Edition Systems Research & Behavioral Science 22, 1-8.

Ison, R.L. (1999). Editorial: Applying systems thinking to higher education. Special Edition Systems Research & Behavioural Science 16, 107-112.

Teaching interests

I have been involved in undergraduate and postgraduate, including PhD, teaching at three Universities - what is now The University of Western Sydney (Hawkesbury), The University of Sydney and The Open University (UK).

At the OU I have contributed to undergraduate systems courses (e.g. T306 Managing Complexity. A Systems Approach) as well as PG courses (e.g. T860 and T863 Environmental Decision Making. A systems approach; T861 Environmental Ethics). From 2008-10 Chris Blackmore and I developed the module TU812, ‘Managing systemic change: inquiry, action and interaction, a core module in the OU's Systems Thinking in Practice (STiP) Program. We continue to support the presentation of this module. 

In 2012 the STIPII (Systems Thinking in Practice Innovation Initiative) was launched by Chris Blackmore, Martin Reynolds and myself as an action-research and scholarship framing for the ongoing presentation and development of the STiP program.  The first funded project, "Building a community of practice  and employer engagement to enhance Systems Thinking in Practice" was supported by the OU's eSTeEM program. 

A number of books were co-published by the OU and Springer to support the STiP program. This includes my book: Ison, R.L. (2010) Systems Practice: How to Act in a Climate-Change World. Springer, London and The Open University.

Wherever possible I provide support to a very vibrant STiP alumni community on LinkedIn.  

During 2017 I will be one of four STiP Lead Educators on a series of four MOOCs; I will lead on “Systemic governing in the Anthropocene” (4 weeks x 3 hours per week) on the FutureLearn Platform – in support of OU STiP education.

Impact and engagement

With my OU colleague Chris Blackmore and Prof. Sri Sriskandarajah (formerly of the Swedish Agricultural University) I have developed and co-facilitated/delivered a number of international programes for PhD students in Systems Thinking in Practice. All have been organised and run as systemic inquiries, viz:

  • Ison, R.L., Blackmore, C.P. et al (2016) Graduate Course, ENVS 5100 ‘Systemic inquiry co-laboratory – systems thinking and practice in graduate research: realizing sustainable futures in socio-ecological systems’ Summer 2016, 3 graduate credits, 5th July – 5th August 2016 in conjunction with  ISSS Conference, Boulder Colorado.  
  • Blackmore, C.P, Ison, R.L., Sriskandarajah, N. (2016)  Systems Thinking in Practice (STiP) in PhD Research: appreciating and effecting transformations with farming systems research (4 ECTS - Subject to Approval), IFSA Harper Adams University, UK (see http://www.harper-adams.ac.uk/events/ifsa-conference/phd-course.cfm
  • Ison, R.L., Blackmore, C.P, Sriskandarajah, N. & Aenis, Thomas (2015) Systems Thinking and Practice in PhD Research: Cybersystemic Possibilities for Governing the Anthropocene 30 July – 7 August 2015, (5 ECTS), Humbolt University, Germany and ISSS (28 students).
  • Ison, R.L., Blackmore, C.P, Sriskandarajah, N. & Noe, E. (2014) PhD Course, Systems Thinking and Practice in PhD Research:  Working strategically with Farming Systems Research (4 ECTS),  30 March – 5th April including 4 days of IFSA Symposium, Humbolt University Berlin, Germany (23 Students).
  • Ison, R.L., Blackmore, C.P, Sriskandarajah, N. & Noe, E. (2012) PhD Course, Systems Thinking and Practice in PhD Research: Making connections to Farming Systems Research (3 ECTS),  29 June – 5 July 2012 including 4 days of IFSA Symposium, University of Aarhus, Denmark.

External collaborations

These are extensive; recent examples include:

Since 2012 I have been the International Reference Group member on the US$8 million USAID-funded RESILIM-O Project on Water Governance in South Africa (Building improved transboundary governance and management of the Olifants Catchment of the Limpopo Basin for enhanced resiliency of its people and ecosystems to environmental change through systemic and participatory approaches).

From 2014-19 I will serve as an External Scientific Advisory Committee member, The Australian Prevention Partnership Centre (TAPPC), a A$23 million NHMRC-funded Partnership Centre focusing on research on systems perspectives on the prevention of lifestyle-related chronic diseases.

These are extensive as evidenced by invitations to give the following talks and keynotes in 2016-17:

  • Invited Plenary speaker, “Governance IN the Anthropocene: cybersystemic possibilities” WOSC 2017 “Social dynamics and problem solving in the 21st Century from a systemic perspective. Sapienza University, Rome January 2017
  • Invited Panelist, “Relational approaches to policy analysis – towards a second generation of interpretive policy analysis”, ECPR (European Consortium for Political Research), Prague, Friday 9th September 2016.
  • Invited presenter, “Systems thinking and approach – developing river basin science”. Chinese Academy of Science, Workshop, beijing 27th August 2016.
  • Invited paper/speaker (“Modelling praxis,  social learning and systemic governance”), Session K26 “Integrated Modeling of the human-nature system co-evolution and the interactions between different components of the human-nature system”, International Geographical Congress, Beijing, 21-25th August 2016.
  • Invited Speaker, Knowledge management and capacity building: lessons from South-East Asia Panel, SEA Studies Symposium 2016 (Human and Environmental Welfare in Southeast Asia) ‘Fashions, fads and foolishness: learning to sustain research for development’ 15th April, 2016.
  • Invited Speaker at International Symposium: “A dialogue on management challenges for wáter sustainability”, Hatfield College, Durham University, ‘Towards systemic governance: NRM through systemic inquiry in Victoria, Australia’ April 20 2016.

Publications

Fruits of Gregory Bateson’s epistemological crisis: embodied mind-making and interactive experience in research and professional praxis (2017-08-01)
Russell, David and Ison, Ray
Canadian Journal of Communication, 42(3)
"Frame" capture - why the war on poaching can never be won: about the John Hanks’ book Operation lock and the war on rhino poaching (2017)
Ison, Ray and Biggs, Duan
Natures Sciences Sociétés, 25(1) (pp. 63-69)
Critical Reflections on Building a Community of Conversation about Water Governance in Australia (2016)
Rubenstein, Naomi; Wallis, Philip J.; Ison, Raymond L. and Godden, Lee
Water Alternatives, 9(1) (pp. 81-98)
Governing in the Anthropocene: What Future Systems Thinking in Practice? (2016)
Ison, Ray
Systems Research and Behavioral Science, 33(5) (pp. 595-613)
Governing in the Anthropocene: Contributions from Systems Thinking in Practice? (2016)
Ison, Ray and Shelley, Monica
Systems Research and Behavioral Science, 33(5) (pp. 589-594)
The governance of farming and natural resource management (2016)
Jiggins, Janice; Blackmore, Chris; Ison, Ray and Röling, Niels
Outlook on Agriculture, 45(4) (pp. 217-219)
Mediating boundaries between knowledge and knowing: ICT and R4D praxis (2016)
Reichelt, N. T.; Wallis, P. J.; Ison, R. L.; Davies, J.; Carberry, P.; Sparrow, A; Hall, A and Maru, Y.
Outlook on Agriculture, 45(4) (pp. 238-245)
Water Governance in England: Improving Understandings and Practices through Systemic Co-Inquiry (2016)
Foster, Natalie; Collins, Kevin; Ison, Ray and Blackmore, Chris
Water, 5, Article 540
Institutionalising social learning: towards systemic and adaptive governance (2015-11)
Ison, Raymond L.; Collins, Kevin B. and Wallis, Philip J
Environmental Science & Policy, 53(Part B) (pp. 105-117)
Science–policy processes for transboundary water governance (2015-09)
Armitage, Derek; de Loë, Rob C.; Morris, Michelle; Edwards, Tom W. D.; Gerlak, Andrea K.; Hall, Roland I.; Huitema, Dave; Ison, Ray; Livingstone, David; MacDonald, Glen; Mirumachi, Naho; Plummer, Ryan and Wolfe, Brent B.
Ambio, 44(5) (pp. 353-366)
Navigating through an ‘ecological desert and a sociological hell’: a cyber-systemic governance approach for the Anthropocene (2015)
Ison, R. L. and Schlindwein, S.
Kybernetes, 44(6/7) (pp. 891-902)
Reframing water governance praxis: does reflection on metaphors have a role? (2015)
Ison, Raymond; Allan, Catherine and Collins, Kevin
Environment & Planning C: Government & Policy , 33 (pp. 1697-1713)
Insights into operationalizing communities of practice from SSM-based inquiry processes (2014-12)
Ison, Ray; Blackmore, Chris; Collins, Kevin; Holwell, Sue and Iaquinto, Ben
Systemic Practice and Action Research, 27 (pp. 91-113)
Narrative research in climate change adaptation - exploring a complementary paradigm for research and governance (2014-02-17)
Paschen, Jana-Axinja and Ison, Raymond
Research Policy, 43 (pp. 1083-1092)
Scenario praxis for systemic governance: a critical framework (2014)
Ison, Raymond; Grant , Andrea and Bawden, Richard
Environment & Planning C: Government & Policy, 32(4) (pp. 623-640)
In search of systemic innovation for sustainable development: a design praxis emerging from a decade of social learning inquiry (2014)
Colvin, John; Blackmore, Chris; Chimbuya, Sam; Collins, Kevin; Dent, Mark; Goss, John; Ison, Ray; Roggero, Pier Paolo and Seddaiu, Giovanna
Research Policy, 43 (pp. 760-771)
Designing and developing a reflexive learning system for managing systemic change. (2014)
Ison, Ray and Blackmore, Chris
Systems, 2(2) (pp. 119-136)
Managing complexity in Australian urban water governance: transitioning Sydney to a water sensitive city. (2014)
Floyd, Joshua; Iaquinto, Benjamin L.; Ison, Ray and Collins, Kevin
Futures, 61 (pp. 1-12)
Opening and closing the future: climate change, adaptation, and scenario planning (2014)
Rickards, Lauren; Ison, Ray; Fünfgeld, Hartmut and Wiseman, John
Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 32(4) (pp. 587-602)
Opening and closing the future: climate change, adaptation and scenario planning, (2014)
Rickards, Lauren; Ison, Raymond; Fünfgeld, Hartmut and Wiseman, John
Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 32(4) (pp. 587-602)
Programmes, projects and learning inquiries: institutional mediation of innovation in research for development (2014)
Ison, Ray; Carberry , Peter; Davies, Jocelyn; Hall, Andy; McMillan, Larelle; Maru, Yiheyis; Pengelly, Bruce; Reichelt, Nicole; Stirzaker, Richard; Wallis, Phillip J.; Watson, Ian and Webb, Sarah
Outlook on Agriculture, 43(3) (pp. 165-172)
Special issue: System innovation – towards sustainable agriculture. Introduction (2014)
Jiggins, Janice; Ison, Ray and Röling , Niels
Outlook on Agriculture, 43(3) (pp. 145-146)
Governing irrigation renewal in rural Australia (2014)
Wallis, Philip J.; Iaquinto, Benjamin L.; Ison, Raymond L. and Wrigley, Roger J.
International Journal of Water Governance, 2(4) (pp. 19-36)
Towards systemic and adaptive governance: exploring the revealing and concealing aspects of contemporary social-learning metaphors (2013-03)
Ison, Ray; Blackmore, Chris and Iaquinto, Benjamin L.
Ecological Economics, 87 (pp. 34-42)
Identifying the conditions for social learning in water governance in regional Australia (2013-03)
Wallis, Philip; Ison, Raymond L. and Samson, Katelyn
Land Use Policy , 31 (pp. 412-421)
Reframing water governance: a multi-perspective study of an over-engineered catchment in China (2012-04)
Wei, Yongping; Ison, Ray; Colvin, John and Collins, Kevin
Journal of Environmental Planning & Management, 55(3) (pp. 297-318)
Sustainable catchment managing in a climate changing world: new integrative modalities for connecting policy makers, scientists and other stakeholders (2011-12)
Ison, Ray; Collins, Kevin; Colvin, John; Jiggins, Janice; Roggero, Pier Paolo; Seddaiu, Giovanna; Steyaert, Patrick; Toderi, Marco and Zanolla, Chiara
Water Resources Management, 25(15) (pp. 3977-3992)
Editorial: water governance in a climate change world: appraising systemic and adaptive effectiveness (2011)
Godden, Lee; Ison, Raymond I. and Wallis, Philip J.
Water Resources Management, 25(15) (pp. 3971-3976)
Appreciating institutional complexity in water governance dynamics: a case from the Murray-Darling Basin, Australia (2011)
Wallis, Philip J. and Ison, Raymond L.
Water Resources Management, 25(15) (pp. 4081-4097)
Creating communities of practice: scoping purposeful design (2011)
Iaquinto, Ben; Ison, Raymond and Faggian, Robert
Journal of Knowledge Management, 15(1) (pp. 4-21)
Institutional change in multiscalar water governance regimes: a case from Victoria, Australia (2011)
Wallis, Philip J. and Ison, Raymond L.
Journal of Water Law , 22(2/3) (pp. 85-94)
Cybersystemic conviviality: addressing the conundrum of ecosystems services (2011)
Ison, Ray
Cybernetics and Human Knowing, 18(1-2) (pp. 135-141)
Trusting emergence: some experiences of learning about integrated catchment science with the Environment Agency of England and Wales (2010)
Collins, Kevin B. and Ison, Ray L.
Water Resources Management, 24(4) (pp. 669-688)
Jumping off Arnstein's Ladder: Social learning as a new policy paradigm for climate change adaptation (2009-11-26)
Collins, Kevin and Ison, Ray
Environmental Policy and Governance, 19(6) (pp. 358-373)
Editorial: Living with environmental change: adaptation as social learning (2009-11)
Collins, Kevin and Ison, Ray
Environmental Policy and Governance , 19(6) (pp. 351-357)
Building learning catchments for integrated catchment managing: Designing learning systems based on experiences in the UK and South Africa (2009)
Collins, Kevin; Colvin, John and Ison, Ray
Water Science & Technology, 59(4) (pp. 687-693)
Methodological challenges of trans-disciplinary research: Some systemic reflections (2008-07)
Ison, Ray
Natures Sciences Sociétés, 16(3) (pp. 241-251)
Challenges to science and society in the sustainable management and use of water: investigating the role of social learning (2007-10)
Ison, Ray; Roling, Niels and Watson, Drennan
Environmental Science and Policy, 10(6) (pp. 499-511)
Learning Participation as Systems Practice (2007-09)
Ison, Ray; Blackmore, Chris and Armson, Rosalind
Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, 13(3) (pp. 209-225)
Illuminating the possibilities for social learning in the management of Scotland’s water (2007-06)
Ison, Ray and Watson, Drennan
Ecology and Society, 12(1) (Art. 21)
Epistemological awareness: a systemic inquiry (2007)
Ison, Ray
Cybernetics and Human Knowing, 14(2-3) (pp. 197-200)
Systemic environmental decision making: designing learning systems (2007)
Ison, Ray; Blackmore, Chris; Collins, Kevin and Furniss, Pam
Kybernetes, 36(9-10) (pp. 1340-1361)
Social learning: an alternative policy instrument for managing in the context of Europe's water. (2007)
Blackmore, Chris; Ison, Raymond and Jiggins, Janice
Environmental Science & Policy, 10(6) (pp. 493-498)
A Systemic approach to scoping of factors influencing more sustainable land use in Herefordshire (2006-12)
Morris, Dick; Oreszczyn, Sue; Blackmore, Christine; Ison, Raymond and Martin, Stephen
Local Environment, 11(6) (pp. 683-699)
Think, act & play im Leadership der Kybernetik zweiter Ordnung (2006-10)
Ison, Raymond and Armson, Rosalind
Lernende Organisation(33) (pp. 13-23)
Guest Editorial: Geoffrey Vickers 2004: Contemporary applications and changing appreciative settings (2005-07)
Ison, Raymond
Systems Research and Behavioral Science, 22(4) (pp. 277-284)
The researcher of human systems is both choreographer and chorographer (2005)
Russell, David and Ison, Ray
Systems Research and Behavioral Science, 22(2) (pp. 131-138)
Human knowing and perceived complexity: implications for systems practice (2004)
Schlindwein, Sandro Luis and Ison, Ray
Emergence: Complexity and Organization, 6(3) (pp. 27-32)
Conceptual Metaphors: a review with implications for human understandings and systems practice (2004)
McClintock, D. and Ison, R.
Cybernetics and Human Knowing, 11(1) (pp. 25-47)
Maturana's intellectual contribution as a choreography of conversation and action (2004)
Russell, David and Ison, R.
Cybernetics and Human Knowing, 11(2) (pp. 36-48)
Metaphors for reflecting on research practice: researching with people (2003-09)
McClintock, David; Ison, Raymond and Armson, Rosalind
Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 46(5) (pp. 715-731)
Rapid institutional appraisal (2001-12)
Armson, R.; Ison, R.L.; Short, L.; Ramage, M. and Reynolds, M.
Systemic Practice and Action Research, 14(6) (pp. 763-777)
Guest Editorial: applying systems thinking to higher education (1999)
Ison, Ray
Systems Research and Behavioral Science, 16(2) (pp. 107-112)
Listening, interpretative cycles and dialogue: process design for collaborative research and development. (1998)
Kersten, S. and Ison, R.
Journal of Agricultural Education & Extension, 5(3) (pp. 163-177)
Systems methodologies for sustainable natural resources research and development. (1997-10)
Ison, R. L.; Maiteny, P.T and Carr, S.
Agricultural Systems, 55 (pp. 257-272)
Participatory rural appraisal design: conceptual and process issues (1995)
Webber, Lynn M. and Ison, R. L.
Agricultural Systems, 47(1) (pp. 107-131)
Diversity in yearly calendars on pastoral properties in western New South Wales: a constructivist perspective (1994)
Kersten, S. and Ison, R.
The Rangeland Journal , 16(2) (pp. 206-220)
Changing community attitudes (1993)
Ison, R. L.
The Rangeland Journal, 15(1) (pp. 154-166)
Meeting the challenge of problem based learning. (1993)
Humphreys, Catherine and Ison, Raymond
Higher Education Research and Development, 12(1) (pp. 107-111)
University education for multiple-goal agriculture in Australia (1992)
Pearson, C. J and Ison, R. L.
Agricultural Systems, 38(4) (pp. 341-362)
Rapid rural appraisal: a participatory problem formulation method relevant to Australian agriculture (1992)
Ison, R. L. and Ampt, P. R.
Agricultural Systems, 38(4) (pp. 363-386)
Comparative growth and development of Kenya clover (Trifolium semipilosum) and white clover (T. repens cv. Haifa): I. Seedling and plant growth. (1992)
Ison, R. L.; Parson, Anne E. B. and Jacobs, B. C.
Tropical Grasslands , 26(1) (pp. 40-50)
Agricultural education in universities: time to ask for whom and how? (1990-07)
Pearson, Craig and Ison, Ray
Agricultural Science, 3 (4) (pp. 24-28)
Predicting and managing change in the seed industry (1989)
Ison, Raymond
Agricultural Science, 4 (pp. 44-48)
Soft-systems methodology for action research: the role of a college farm in an agricultural education institution. (1988)
Packham, R. G; Ison, R. L. and Roberts, R. J
Agricultural Administration and Extension, 30(2) (pp. 109-126)
Short-day cycle requirements for floral initiation of Stylosanthes guianensis (Aublet) Sw. var. guianensis (1985)
Ison, R. L.
Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, 12(3) (pp. 291-296)
Effects of temperature on the flowering and seed production of Stylosanthes guianensis cultivars. (1984-04)
Ison, R. L. and Humphreys, L. R.
Annals of Applied Biology, 104(2) (pp. 347-355)
Flowering of Stylosanthes guianensis in relation to juvenility and the long-short day requirement (1984-01)
Ison, R. L. and Humphreys, L. R.
Journal of Experimental Botany, 35(1) (pp. 121-126)
Development of floral apex after floral induction in stylo (Stylosanthes guianensis (Aubl) Sw. var. guianensis) (1984)
Ison, R. L.
Annals of Botany, 54(6) (pp. 813-820)
Day and night temperature control of floral induction in Stylosanthes guianensis var. guianensis cv. Schofield. (1984)
Ison, R. L. and Humphreys, L. R.
Annals of Botany, 53(2) (pp. 207-212)
Flowering of Stylosanthes guianensis in controlled temperatures under natural photoperiod. (1984)
Ison, R. L. and Humphreys, L. R.
Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 35(2) (pp. 219-228)
Altitudinal effects on Stylosanthes guianensis at a low latitude site. 1. Flowering (1983)
Ison, R. L. and Humphreys, L. R.
Journal of Agricultural Science, 101(1) (pp. 223-230)
Altitudinal effects on Stylosanthes guianensis at a low latitude site. 2. Seed Production (1983)
Ison, R. L. and Humphreys, L. R.
Journal of Agricultural Science, 101(1) (pp. 231-240)
Investigations of ripeness to flower in tobacco (1982)
Hopkinson, J. M. and Ison, R. L.
Field Crops Research , 5 (pp. 335-348)
Stabilization of aeolian sands in the Braidwood area (1980)
Packer, I. J and Ison, R. L.
Journal of the Soil Conservation Service of New South Wales., 36(2) (pp. 90-99)
Systems Practice: How to Act in a Climate-Change World (2010)
Ison, Raymond
ISBN : 9781849961240 | Publisher : Springer
Agronomy of Grassland Systems [second edition] (1997)
Pearson, C.J and Ison, R.L.
ISBN : 9780511038174 | Publisher : Cambridge University Press | Published : Cambridge
Agronomia de los Sistemas Pastoriles (1994-04)
Pearson, C.J. and Ison, R.L.
ISBN : 978-9505045204 | Publisher : Editorial Hemisferio Sur | Published : Buenos Aires
Teaching threatens sustainable agriculture. (1990)
Ison, Raymond L.
Gatekeeper Series
ISBN : 978-1-84369-327-7 | Publisher : IIED | Published : London
Agronomy of Grassland Systems [first edition] (1987)
Pearson, C.J. and Ison, R.L.
ISBN : 9780521310093 | Publisher : Cambridge University Press | Published : Cambridge
Systems Thinking: Towards Transformation in Praxis and Situations (2017-02-22)
Hubert, Bernard and Ison, Ray
In: Ӧborn, Ingrid; Vanlauwe, Bernard; Phillips, Michael; Thomas, Richard; Brooijmans, Willemien and Atta-Krah, Kwesi eds. Sustainable Intensification in Smallholder Agriculture: An integrated systems research approach (pp. 115-129)
ISBN : 9781138668089 | Publisher : Earthscan, Routledge | Published : London
Transdisciplinarity as transformation: a cybersystemic thinking in practice perspective (2017)
Ison, Ray
In: Fam, Dena; Palmer, Jane; Riedy, Chris and Mitchell, Cynthia eds. Transdisciplinary Research and Practice for Sustainable Outcomes (pp. 55-73)
Publisher : Routledge | Published : London
Mechanisms for inclusive governance (2017)
Ison, Raymond L. and Wallis, Philip J.
In: Karar, Eiman ed. Freshwater Governance for the 21st Century. Global Issues in Water Policy (6) (pp. 159-185)
ISBN : 978-3-319-43348-6 | Publisher : Springer
Transforming nature-society relations through innovations in research praxis: a coevolutionary systems approach (2016)
Ison, R. L.
In: Hubert, Bernard and Mathieu, Nicole eds. Interdisciplinarités entre Natures et Sociétés: Colloque de Cerisy. EcoPolis (pp. 47-70)
ISBN : 9782807600188 | Publisher : Peter Lang | Published : Bruxelles
What is Systemic about Innovation Systems? The Implications for Policies. Governance and Institutionalization (2016)
Ison, Ray
In: Francis, J.; Mytelka, L.; van Huis, A. and Röling, N. eds. Innovation Systems: Towards Effective Strategies in support of Smallholder Farmers (pp. 37-52)
ISBN : 978-92-9081-561-7 | Publisher : Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) and Wageningen University and Research (WUR)/Convergence of Sciences-Strengthening Innovation Systems (CoS-SIS) | Published : Wageningen
The Journey to R4D: An institutional history of an Australian Initiative on Food Security in Africa (2016)
Hall, A.; Carberry, P.; Djikeng, A.; Roy-Macauley, H.; Pengelly, B.; Njoya, A.; Ndungu, L.; Kollo, I.; Bruce, C.; McMillan, L.; Ison, R. and Keating, B.
In: Innovation Systems: Towards Effective Strategies in support of Smallholder Farmers (pp. 183-201)
ISBN : 978-92-9081-561-7 | Publisher : Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) and Wageningen University and Research (WUR)/Convergence of Sciences-Strengthening Innovation Systems (CoS-SIS) | Published : Wageningen
Embedding sustainability through systems thinking in practice: some experiences from the Open University (2015-04)
Blackmore, Chris; Reynolds, Martin; Ison, Raymond and Lane, Andrew
In: Wyness, Lynne ed. Education for Sustainable Development Pedagogy: Criticality, Creativity, and Collaboration. PedRIO occasional papers (8) (pp. 32-35)
Publisher : Pedagogic Research Institute and Observatory (PedRIO) | Published : Plymouth University
Thinking differently about sustainability: experiences from the UK Open University (2014)
Blackmore, Chris; Ison, Raymond and Reynolds, Martin
In: Filho, Walter Leal; Azeiteiro , Ulisses; Alves , Fátima and Caeiro, Sandra eds. Integrating Sustainability Thinking in Science and Engineering Curricula. World Sustainability Series (pp. 613-630)
ISBN : 978-3-319-09473-1 | Publisher : Springer | Published : Cham
The role of action-oriented learning theories for change in agriculture and rural networks (2012-07)
Blackmore, Chris; Cerf, Marianne; Ison, Raymond and Paine, Mark
In: Darnhofer, Ika; Gibbon, David and Dedieu, Benoit eds. Farming Systems Research into the 21st Century: The New Dynamic (pp. 159-177)
ISBN : 978-94-007-4502-5 | Publisher : Springer | Published : Dordrecht
Designing and developing learning systems for managing systemic change in a climate change world (2012-06)
Blackmore, Chris and Ison, Ray
In: Wals, Arjen E. J. and Corcoran , Peter Blaze eds. Learning for Sustainability in Times of Accelerating Change (pp. 347-363)
ISBN : 978-90-8686-203-0 | Publisher : Wageningen Academic Publishers | Published : Wageningen, The Netherlands
A cybersystemic framework for practical action (2012)
Ison, Raymond
In: Murray, Joy; Cawthorne, Glenn; Dey, Christopher and Andrew, Chris eds. Enough for All Forever. A Handbook for Learning about Sustainability (pp. 269-284)
ISBN : 978-1612290140 | Publisher : Common Ground Publishing | Published : Champaign, Illinois
Learning in European agricultural and rural networks: building a systemic research agenda (2012)
Hubert, Bernard; Ison, Ray; Sriskandarajah, Nadarajah ; Blackmore, Chris; Cerf, Marianne ; Avelange, Isabelle ; Barbier, Marc and Steyaert, Patrick
In: Darnhofer, Ika; Gibbon, David and Dedieu, Benoit eds. Farming Systems Research into the 21st Century: The New Dynamic (pp. 179-200)
ISBN : 978-94-007-4503-2 | Publisher : Springer | Published : Dordrecht
Systems practice: making the systems in farming systems research effective (2012)
Ison, Ray
In: Darnhofer, Ika; Gibbon, David and Dedieu, Benoit eds. Farming Systems Research into the 21st Century: The New Dynamic (pp. 141-158)
ISBN : 978-94-007-4502-5 | Publisher : Springer | Published : Dordrecht
The worlds we create: designing learning systems for the underworld of extension practice (2011-02-01)
Ison, Ray and Russell, David
In: Jennings , J.; Packham, R. G. and Woodside, D. eds. Shaping Change: Natural Resource Management, Agriculture and the Role of Extension (pp. 44-55)
ISBN : 9780957703070 | Publisher : Australasia-Pacific Extension Network (APEN)
Institutionalising understandings: from resource sufficiency to functional integrity (2011)
Hubert, Bernard and Ison, Ray
In: Kammili, Trish; Hubert, Bernard and Tourand, Jean-François eds. A paradigm shift in livestock management: from Resource Sufficiency to Functional Integrity (pp. 11-16)
ISBN : 9782914053570 | Publisher : Cardère éditeur | Published : Lirac, France
Planning as Performance: The Murray-Darling Basin Plan. (2011)
Ison, Raymond and Wallis, Phil
In: Connell, Daniel and Grafton, R. Quentin eds. Basin Futures: Water reform in the Murray-Darling Basin (pp. 399-411)
ISBN : 9781921862243 | Publisher : ANU ePress | Published : Canberra
Traditions of understanding: language, dialogue and experience (2010)
Ison, Ray
In: Blackmore, Chris ed. Social Learning Systems and Communities of Practice (pp. 73-88)
Publisher : Springer
From water supply to water governance (2010)
Godden, Lee and Ison, Raymond
In: Davis, Mark and Lyons, Miriam eds. More Than Luck. Ideas Australia Needs Now. (pp. 177-184)
ISBN : 978-0-9808356-1-8 | Publisher : Centre for Policy Development | Published : Sydney
Governance that works: better governance requires a more skilled use of systems thinking (2010)
Ison, Ray
In: Davis, Mark and Lyons, Miriam eds. More Than Luck: Ideas Australia Needs Now (pp. 215-228)
ISBN : 9780980835601 | Publisher : Centre for Policy Development | Published : Sydney
Systems thinking and practice for action research (2008)
Ison, R. L.
In: Reason, Peter W. and Bradbury, Hilary eds. The Sage Handbook of Action Research Participative Inquiry and Practice (2nd edition) (pp. 139-158)
ISBN : 978 1 4129 2029 2 | Publisher : Sage Publications | Published : London, UK
From sustainable to systemic development: an inquiry into transformations in discourse and praxis (2008)
Ison , R. L.; Bawden , R. J.; Mackenzie , B.; Packham , R. G.; Sriskandarajah , N and Armson, R.
In: Sheffield, James ed. Systemic Development: Local Solutions in a Global Environment (pp. 231-252)
ISBN : 9780981703275 | Publisher : ISCE Publishing, USA
Boundaries for thinking in action (2007-05-16)
Blackmore, Chris and Ison, Ray
In: Blackmore, Christine and Ison, Raymond eds. Research Skills for Policy and Development: How to Find Out Fast (pp. 47-71)
ISBN : 9781412945646 | Publisher : Sage Publications | Published : London, UK
Traditions of understanding: language, dialogue and experience (2005-05)
Ison, Raymond
In: Keen, M.; Brown, V.A. and Dyball, R. eds. Social learning In environmental management: towards a austainable future (pp. 22-40)
ISBN : 1844071839 | Publisher : Earthscan | Published : London, UK
Systems practice at the United Kingdom's Open University (2001)
Ison, Raymond
In: Wilby, Jennifer and Ragsdell, Gillian eds. Understanding Complexity (pp. 45-54)
ISBN : 306465868 | Publisher : Kluwer Academic
Experience, tradition and service? Institutionalised R&D in the rangelands (2000-08-20)
Ison, Raymond L.
In: Ison, Ray and Russell, David eds. Agricultural Extension and Rural Development: Breaking out of Knowledge Transfer Traditions (pp. 103-132)
ISBN : 9780521642019 | Publisher : Cambridge University Press | Published : Cambridge
Theoretical frameworks for learning-based approaches to change in industrialised-country agricultures (2000)
Ison, R. L.; High , C.; Blackmore, C. P. and Cerf, M.
In: Cerf, Marianne; Gibbon, David; Hubert, Bernard; Ison, Ray; Jiggins, Janice; Paine, Mark; Proost, Jet and Röling, Niels eds. Cow up a Tree: Knowing and Learning for Change in Agriculture. Case Studies from Industrialised Countries. Science update (pp. 31-54)
ISBN : 978-2-7380-0929-6 | Publisher : INRA (Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique) Editions | Published : Paris
Technology: transforming grazier experience (2000)
Ison, Raymond L.
In: Ison, Ray and Russell, David eds. Agricultural Extension and Rural Development: Breaking out of Knowledge Transfer Traditions (pp. 52-76)
ISBN : 9780521642019 | Publisher : Cambridge University Press | Published : Cambridge
Enthusiasm: developing critical action for second-order R&D (2000)
Russell, David B. and Ison, Raymond L.
In: Ison, Ray and Russell, David eds. Agricultural Extension and Rural Development: Breaking out of Knowledge Transfer Traditions (pp. 136-160)
ISBN : 0-521-64201-9 | Publisher : Cambridge University Press | Published : Cambridge
Designing R&D systems for mutual benefit (2000)
Russell, David B. and Ison, Raymond L.
In: Ison, Ray and Russell, David eds. Agricultural Extension and Rural Development: Breaking out of Knowledge Transfer Traditions (pp. 208-218)
ISBN : 9780521642019 | Publisher : Cambridge University Press | Published : Cambridge
The 'problematique' with respect to industrialised country agricultures (2000)
Hubert , B.; Ison, R. and Röling, N.
In: Cerf, Marianne; Gibbon, David; Hubert, Bernard; Ison, Ray; Jiggins, Janice; Paine, Mark; Proost, Jet and Röling, Niels eds. Cow up a Tree: Knowing and Learning for Change in Agriculture. Case Studies from Industrialised Countries (pp. 13-30)
ISBN : 978-2-7380-0929-6 | Publisher : INRA (Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique) Editions | Published : Paris
Supported open learning and the emergence of learning communities. The case of the Open University UK (2000)
Ison, Raymond
In: Miller, Ron ed. Creating Learning Communities. Models, Resources, and New Ways of Thinking about Teaching and Learning,. Foundations of Holistic Education Series (1) (pp. 90-96)
ISBN : 9781885580047 | Publisher : Foundation for Educational Renewal, Inc. | Published : Brandon VT
The research-development relationship in rural communities: an opportunity for contextual science (2000)
Russell, David B. and Ison, Raymond L.
In: Ison, Ray and Russell, David eds. Agricultural Extension and Rural Development: Breaking out of Knowledge Transfer Traditions (pp. 10-31)
ISBN : 9780521642019 | Publisher : Cambridge University Press | Published : Cambridge
Soft systems: a non computer view of decision support (1993)
Ison, Raymond
In: Stuth , J. W and Lyons, B. G eds. Decision Support Systems for the Management of Grazing Lands: Emerging Issues. Man and the Biosphere Series (11) (pp. 83-118)
ISBN : 922-3-102-835-9/1-85070-382-5 | Publisher : United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organizations (UNESCO)/Parthenon Publishing Group Limited | Published : Paris, France/Carnforth, U.K.
Problem identification for agronomic research: evaluation of rapid rural appraisal in the Forbes Shire of N.S.W. (1993)
Ampt, P. R. and Ison, R.
In: Delfosse., E.S. ed. Pests of Pastures: weed invertebrate and disease pests of Australian sheep pastures (pp. 404-408)
Publisher : Australian Wool Corporation/CSIRO | Published : Melbourne
The purposes of field-crop ecosystems: social and economic aspects (1992)
Bawden, R. J. and Ison, R. L.
In: Pearson, C. J. ed. Field Crop Ecosystems . Ecosystems of the World (18) (pp. 11-35)
ISBN : 9780444886750 | Publisher : Elsevier Science Publishers B.V. | Published : Amsterdam
A research paradigm for systems agriculture. (1985)
Bawden, Richard J.; Ison, Raymond L.; Macadam, Robert D.; Packham, Roger G. and Valentine, Ian
In: Remenyi, J. V. ed. Agricultural systems research for developing countries (pp. 31-42)
ISBN : 0-949511-18-8 | Publisher : ACIAR | Published : Canberra
Pasture legumes and grasses in warm climate regions (1985)
Ison, Raymond and Hopkinson, J.M.
In: Halevy, A.H. ed. A Handbook of Flowering. (pp. 208-252)
ISBN : 9780849339110 | Publisher : CRC Press | Published : Boca Raton, FL.
Acid soils: An example of problem based learning. (1985)
Duff,, C.; Ison, R. L. and Valentine, I.
In: Boud, D. ed. Problem based learning in education for professions (pp. 185-188)
Publisher : HERDSA | Published : Sydney, Australia
Reproductive physiology of Stylosanthes. (1984)
Ison, R. L. and Humphreys, L. R.
In: Stacey, Helen M. and Edye, L. A. eds. The Biology and Agronomy of Stylosanthes (pp. 257-277)
ISBN : 0-12-661680-9 | Publisher : Academic Press | Published : Sydney
Agricultural Extension and Rural Development: Breaking Out of Knowledge Transfer Traditions (2000)
Ison, Ray and Russell, David eds.
ISBN : 9780521642019 | Publisher : Cambridge University Press | Published : Cambridge
Systems for Sustainability: People, Organizations and Environments (1997)
Stowell, Frank A.; Ison, Ray L.; Armson, Rosalind; Holloway, Jacky; Jackson, Susan and McRobb, Steve eds.
Proceedings of UKSS Conference
ISBN : 978-1-4899-0267-2 | Publisher : Springer | Published : New York
A ‘learning system design’ for more effective agricultural research for development (2012)
Ison, R. L.; Bruce, C.; Carberry, P. S.; Maru, Y.; McMillan, L.; Pengelly, B. C; Sparrow, A.; Stirzaker, R. and Wallis, P. J.
In : 10th European IFSA Symposium (01-04 July 2012, Aarhus, Denmark )
Damning dams in Australia: dams as structurally-coupled social-biophysical systems (2012)
Godden , Lee; Ison, Raymond and Wallis, Phil
In : Tapping the Turn Conference (15-16 November 2012, Canberra)
Institutionalising social learning: towards systemic and adaptive governance (2012)
Ison, Raymond; Wallis, Phil and Collins, Kevin
In : Sustainable Hyderabad – Albrecht-Daniel-Thaer Kolloquium 2012 on “Crafting or Designing? Intended Institutional Change for Social-Ecological Systems”, (8-9 June 2012, Berlin)
Social learning systems for collective action: a critical review of cases from UK, South Africa, China and Australia using social learning systems (2012)
Blackmore, C.; Collins, K.; Ison, R.; Colvin, J. and Wallis, P.
In : Planet Under Pressure 2012 (25-29 March 2012, London, UK)
Paradigm shift towards systemic and adaptive governance: praxis relevant to a structurally-coupled social-biophysical system? (2012)
Ison, Raymond
In : American Society of Cybernetics (ASC)/ Bateson Idea Group BIG Conference, ‘An Ecology of Ideas’, (04-06 July 2012, Asilomar, California)
Designing and developing a reflexive learning system for managing systemic change in a climate-change world based on cyber-systemic understandings (2012)
Ison, Ray and Blackmore, Chris
In : European Meeting on Cybernetics and Systems Research (EMCSR 2012) (09-13 April 2012, Vienna)
Understandings and practices for a complex, coevolutionary systems approach (2008)
Ison, Ray
In : Proc. International Symposium: Selected Topics on Complex Systems engineering applied to Sustainable Animal Production. (29-31 Oct 2008, Instituto Tecnológico del Valle de Morelia, in Morelia Michoacán, Mexico)
Public policy that does the right thing rather than the wrong thing righter (2008)
Ison, Ray and Collins, Kevin
In : Analysing Collaborative and Deliberative Forms of Governance (14 Nov 2008, The Australia National University, Canberra, Australia)
Reprising “wicked problems”: social learning, climate change adaptation and the sustainable management of water (2008)
Ison, Raymond
In : Proc. 2008 ANZSYS (Australia NZ Systems Society) Conference (1-2 Dec 2008, Perth)
History repeats itself: current traps in complexity practice from a systems perspective (2006-12)
Ison, Raymond and Schlindwein, Sandro Luis
In : 12th Australia New Zealand Systems Society (ANZSYS) Conference 'Sustaining our Social and Natural Capital' (3-6 December 2006, Katoomba, NSW Australia)
Dare we jump off Arnstein's ladder? Social learning as a new policy paradigm (2006-06)
Collins, Kevin and Ison, Raymond
In : Proceedings of PATH (Participatory Approaches in Science & Technology) Conference (4-7 June 2006, Edinburgh)
Learning to start systemically in environmental decision making (2006)
Ison, Ray; Blackmore, Chris and Collins, Kevin
In : 7th European IFSA Symposium (7-11 May 2006, Wageningen, The Netherlands)
Learning participation as systems practice (2003-04)
Ison, Ray; Blackmore, Chris and Armson, Rosalind
In : International Workshop on Teaching and Learning Participation in Higher Education (2-4 April 2003, Brighton, UK)
Some reflections on a knowledge transfer strategy: a systemic inquiry (2002)
Ison, R. L.
In : Farming and Rural Systems Research and Extension, 5th IFSA European Symposium (April 2002, Florence, Italy)
Systems practice and the design of learning systems: orchestrating an ecological conversation (2002)
Ison, Ray L.
In : Agriculture and ecosystems management (Proceedings of OECD workshop, 2002) (11-16 November, 2002)
If you're a fish, what can you know about the water? (2001)
Armson, Rosalind and Ison, Ray
In : American Society for Cybernetics 2001 Conference (27 May - 29 May 2001, Vancouver, Canada)
Systems approaches to managing sustainable development: experiences from developing supported open-learning. (2000-11)
Ison, R. L.
In : 16th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association and 4th Latin American Farming Systems Research & Extension Symposium (27-29 November 2000, Centro de Extension Universidad Catolica, Santiago, Chile)
Supported open learning for rural development: some experiences from the Open University, UK (1998)
Ison, Ray
In : Proc. Seminar on The role of distance education and open learning for rural development in the Greater Mekong sub-region and South East Asia (1998, Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University & UNESCO, Thailand)
The future challenge: the search for system. (1998)
Ison, Raymond
In : Proc. 9th Australian Agronomy Conference (1998, Wagga Wagga, NSW)
Designing learning systems: How can systems approaches be applied in the training of research workers and development actors? (1994)
Ison, Raymond
In : Proceedings International Symposium on Systems-oriented Research in Agriculture and Rural Development Vol. 2. Lectures and Debates. (1994, Montpellier) (pp. 369-394)
Revealing and concealing metaphors for a systemic agriculture. (1994)
McClintock, D. and Ison, R. L.
In : Proceedings of the International Symposium on Systems-Oriented Research in Agriculture and Rural Development (1994, Montpellier) (pp. 212-216)
Participative Ecodesign: A New Paradigm for Professional Practice (1993)
Ison, R.
In : Epidemiology Chapter, Australian Veterinary Association Annual Conference (1993, Cobar, Australia) (pp. 41-50)
The research-development relationship in rangelands: an opportunity for contextual science. (1993)
Russell, D. B. and Ison, R. L.
In : Proc. IVth International Rangeland Congress, Montpellier, Vol. 3 (1991) (pp. 1047-1054)
Pastoralist patterns of understanding of vegetation in the semi-arid rangelands of New South Wales. (1993)
Kersten, S. M. M. and Ison, R.
In : Proc. XVII International Grassland Congress, Palmerston North & Rockhampton Vol 1 (1993) (pp. 641-643)
Improving herbage seed industry productivity and stability through action research. (1989)
Ison, Raymond; Potts, W. H. C. and Beale, G.
In : XVI International Grassland Congress (1989, Nice) (pp. 685-686)
Rapid rural appraisal for the identification of grassland research problems. (1989)
Ampt, P. R. and Ison, R. L.
In : XVI International Grassland Congress (4-11 October 1989, Nice) (pp. 1291-1292)
Enhancing Systems Thinking in Practice at the Workplace: eSTEeM final report (2016-08)
Reynolds, Martin; Shah, Rupesh; Wedlock, Elaine; Ison, Ray and Blackmore, Christine
The OU Centre for STEM Pedagogy
Water Politics: New Plan - Same Old Thinking (2007-02-07)
Ison, Ray
New Matilda, Surry Hills, Australia.
River basin planning project: social learning (Science Report SC050037/SR1) (2005-09-01)
Collins, Kevin; Ison, Ray and Blackmore, Chris
Environment Agency, Bristol, UK.
LEARNing in European Agricultural and Rural Networks: institutions, networks and governance. Final Report. Contract no. HPSE-CT-2002-60059 (2005)
Hubert, Bernard; Avelange, Isabelle; Proost, M. D. C.; Ison, Ray and Blackmore, Chris
INRA France
The SLIM (Social learning for the integrated management and sustainable use of water at catchment scale) Final Report (2004-08)
Ison, R.L.; Steyaert, P.; Roggero, P.P.; Hubert, B. and Jiggins, J.
The SLIM Project supported by the European Commission
A Critical Review of Rural Extension Theory and Practice. (1989)
Russell, David B.; Ison, Raymond L.; Gamble , Dennis R. and Williams, Ruth K.
University of Western Sydney, Richmond, NSW.