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Professor Maureen McLeod Mackintosh

Profile summary

  • Central Academic Staff
  • Professor of Economics
  • Faculty of Social Sciences
  • Economics
  • maureen.mackintosh

Research interests

The economics of public and social sector organisation, with particular reference to the economics of markets in social sectors, the organisation of health systems and their impact on poverty and inequality.  The interaction of industrial change and social sector development, with particular reference to pharmaceuticals. The role of NGOs in access to essential medicines in low income countries. The economics of development with particular reference to Africa.

Current research projects

Ethics, Payments and Maternal Survival: Wellcome Trust-funded project; 2011-13 Co-investigator; Principal Investigator Dr Paula Tibandebage, Research on Poverty Alleviation (REPOA), Tanzania.

Industrial productivity, health sector performance and policy synergies for inclusive growth: a study in Tanzania and Kenya: DFID-ESRC Growth Programme project 2011-14. Principal investigator. Collaborative project with Research on Poverty Alleviation (REPOA), Tanzania; African Centre for technology Studies (ACTS), Kenya; and RAND-Europe.

Recent research projects include an international collaborative ESRC-funded project on Non-governmental public action to improve access by the poor to good quality low cost medicines, part of the ESRC Non-governmental Public Action (NGPA) research programme, with Prof Sudip Chaudhuri, Dr Phares Mujinja and Dr Meri Koivusalo: Non-governmental Action to Improve the Access of the Poor to Good Quality Low Cost Drugs. Also research project for UNITAID, Geneva, on Interactions between Global Policy and Local Health Markets and Production of Medicines.

Prof Mackintosh is Director of the Open University's inter-faculty Centre for Innovation, Knowledge and Development (IKD). She is member of INNOGEN.

Smith, P. Mackintosh, M. Ross, F., Clayton, J. Price, L. Christian, S. Byng, R. Allan H. (2012) 'Financial and clinical risk in health care reform: a view from below'. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, 17 Supp 2 April.

Mackintosh M, Chaudhuri , Mujinja PGM (2011) Can NGOs regulate medicines markets? Social enterprise in wholesaling, and access to essential medicines Globalization and Health 2011, 7:4.

Koivusalo, M. and Mackintosh, M. (2011) 'Commercial influence and global nongovernmental public action in health and pharamceutical policies' International Journal of Health Services, 41(3): 539-363.

Chaudhuri, S., Mackintosh M. and Mujinja, P.G.M. (2010) 'Indian generics producers, access to essential medicines and local production in Africa: an argument with reference to Tanzania'. European Journal of Development Research, 22(4): 451-468. 

Mackintosh, M. and Mujinja, P.G.M. (2010) 'Markets and policy challenges in access to essential medicines for endemic disease' Journal of African Economies, Supp 3 iii166-iii200.

Tibandebage P. and Mackintosh M. (2009) 'Maternal mortality in Africa: a gendered lens on health system failure' Socialist Register 2009.

Mackintosh M., Chataway, J. and Wuyts M. (eds.) (2008) Promoting Innovation, Productivity and Industrial Growth and Reducing Poverty: Bridging the Policy Gap Routledge, London.

Mackintosh, M. (2007) Planning and market regulation: strengths, weaknesses and interactions in the provision of less inequitable and better quality health care. Peer-reviewed paper commissioned by the Health Systems Knowledge Network of the Commission on the Social Determinants of Health, World Health Organisation. Available from: http://www.open.ac.uk/ikd/publications/working-papers/ (Accessed 3 January 2012).

Mackintosh, M. (2007) 'International migration and extreme health inequality: robust arguments and institutions for international redistribution in health care' in McIntyre, D. and Mooney, G. (eds.) (2007) The Economics of Health Equity Cambridge University Press.

Smith, P. and Mackintosh, M. (2007) 'Profession, market and class: nurse migration and the remaking of division and disadvantage'. Journal of Clinical Nursing , 16 (12): 2213-2220.

Mackintosh, M. Chataway, J. and Wuyts, M.(2007) 'Promoting innovation, productivity and industrial growth and reducing poverty: bridging the policy gap : Introduction to the Special Issue'. European Journal of Development Research (2007).

Mackintosh, M. and Tibandebage, P. (2007) 'Competitive and organisational constraints on innovation, investment and quality of care in a liberalised low income health system: evidence from Tanzania' European Journal of Development Research (2007).

Smith, P., Allan H., Henry, L.W., Larsen J.A., Mackintosh M. (2006) Valuing and Recognising the Talents of a Diverse Health Care Workforce Report of the REOH project, University of Surrey and the Open University.

Mackintosh, M. and Tibandebage, P. (2006) 'Gender and health sector reform: analytical perspectives on African experience' in Razavi, S. and Hassim, S. (eds.) (2006) Gender and Social Policy in a Global Context: Uncovering the gendered structure of 'the social' Palgrave, Basingstoke.

Mackintosh, M. (2006) 'La commercialisation des soins de santé et ses inégalités' in Coméliau, C., Guillioz, S., Carton, M., Flückiger, Y., Mackintosh, M. and Merrien, F-X. (2006) Le Défi Social du Développement: Globalisation et Inégalités IUED, Geneva and Karthala, Paris.

Mackintosh, M. Mensah, K. Henry L. and Rowson, M. (2006) 'Aid, restitution and fiscal redistribution in health care: implications of health professionals migration' Journal of International Development 18: 757-770.

Mackintosh, M. Raghuram, P. and Henry, L. (2006) 'A perverse subsidy: African trained nurses and doctors in the NHS' Soundings 34: 103-113

Mackintosh M. and Kovalev S. (2006) 'Commercialisation, inequality and transition in health care: the policy challenges in developing and transitional countries' Edited 'Policy Arena', Journal of International Development 18(3).

Mackintosh, M. (2006) 'Commercialisation, inequality and the limits to transition in health care: a Polanyian framework for policy analysis' Journal of International Development 18(3) 393-406.

Mackintosh, M. and Koivusalo, M. (eds.) (2005) Commercialization of Health Care: Global and Local Dynamics and Policy Initiatives  Basingstoke, Palgrave.

Tibandebage, P. and Mackintosh, M (2005 ) 'The market shaping of charges, trust and abuse: health care transactions in Tanzania ' Social Science and Medicine 61 1385-1395.

Mensah, K. Mackintosh, M. and L. Henry (2005) The 'Skills Drain' of Health Professionals from the Developing World: a Framework for Policy Formulation Medact, February.

A repository of research publications and other research outputs can be viewed at The Open University's Open Research Online.

Teaching interests

I'm a member of the pduction team for the new Level 2 module Running the Economy (DD209).

Publications

What is the private sector? Understanding private provision in the health systems of low-income and middle-income countries. (2016)
Mackintosh, Maureen; Channon, Amos; Karan, Anup; Selvaraj, Sakthivel; Zhao, Hongwen and Cavagnero, Eleonora
The Lancet ((Early view))
Can managers empower nurse-midwives to improve maternal health care? A comparison of two resource-poor hospitals in Tanzania (2015)
Tibandebage, Paula; Kida, Tausi; Mackintosh, Maureen and Ikingura, Joyce
International Journal of Health Planning and Management ((Early View))
Local production of pharmaceuticals in Africa and access to essential medicines: 'urban bias’ in access to imported medicines in Tanzania and its policy implications (2014-03-10)
Mujinja, Phares G. M.; Mackintosh, Maureen; Justin-Temu, Mary and Wuyts, Marc
Globalization and Health, 10(12) (pp. 1-12)
People and teams matter in organizational change: professionals’ and managers’ experiences of changing governance and incentives in Primary Care (2014-02)
Allan, Helen T.; Brearley , Sally; Byng, Richard; Christian, Sara; Clayton, Julie; Mackintosh, Maureen; Price, Linnie; Smith, Pam and Ross, Fiona
Health Services Research, 49(1) (pp. 93-112)
Protecting the public or setting the bar too high? Understanding the causes and consequences of regulatory actions of frontline regulators and specialized drug shop operators in Kenya (2013-11)
Wafula, Francis; Molyneaux, Catherine; Mackintosh, Maureen and Goodman, Catherine
Social Science & Medicine, 97 (pp. 220-227)
Financial and clinical risk in health care reform: a view from below (2012-04)
Smith, Pam; Mackintosh, Maureen; Ross, Fiona; Clayton, Julie; Price, Linnie; Christian, Sara; Byng, Richard and Allan, Helen
Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, 17(Supp 2) (pp. 11-17)
Can NGOs regulate medicines markets? Social enterprise in wholesaling, and access to essential medicines (2011)
Mackintosh, Maureen; Chaudhuri, Sudip and Mujinja, Phares G.M.
Globalization and Health, 7, Article 4(1)
Commercial influence and global nongovernmental public action in health and pharmaceutical policies (2011)
Koivusalo, Meri and Mackintosh, Maureen
International Journal of Health Services, 41(3) (pp. 539-563)
Markets and policy challenges in access to essential medicines for endemic disease (2010-11)
Mackintosh, Maureen and Mujinja, Phares G. M.
Journal of African Economies, 19(Sup 3) (iii166-iii200)
Maternal mortality in Africa: a gendered lens on health system failure (2010-10)
Tibandebage, Paula and Mackintosh, Maureen
Socialist Register , 46
Indian generics producers, access to essential medicines and local production in Africa: an argument with reference to Tanzania (2010)
Chaudhuri, Sudip; Mackintosh, Maureen and Mujinja, Phares G M
European Journal of Development Research, 22(4) (pp. 451-468)
Global public health security: inequality, vulnerability and public health system capabilities (2008-11)
Koivusalo, Meri and Mackintosh, Maureen
Development and Change, 39(6) (pp. 1163-1169)
Profession, market and class: Nurse migration and the remaking of division and disadvantage (2007-12)
Smith, Pam and Mackintosh, Maureen
Journal of Clinical Nursing, 16(12) (pp. 2213-2220)
Promoting innovation, productivity and industrial growth and reducing poverty: bridging the policy gap. Introduction to the Special Issue (2007-03)
Mackintosh, Maureen; Chataway, Joanna and Wuyts, Marc
European Journal of Development Research, 19(1) (pp. 1-12)
Competitive and organisational constraints on innovation, investment and quality of care in a liberalised low income health system: evidence from Tanzania (2007-03)
Mackintosh, Maureen and Tibandebage, Paula
European Journal of Development Research, 19(1) (pp. 81-99)
A perverse subsidy: African trained nurses and doctors in the NHS (2006-11)
Mackintosh, Maureen; Raghuram, Parvati and Henry, Leroi
Soundings, 34 (pp. 103-113)
Aid, restitution and international fiscal redistribution in health care: implications of health professionals' migration (2006-08)
Mackintosh, Maureen; Mensah, Kwadwo; Henry, Leroi and Rowson, Michael
Journal of International Development, 18(6) (pp. 757-770)
Commercialisation, inequality and the limits to transition in health care: a Polanyian framework for policy analysis (2006-04)
Mackintosh, Maureen
Journal of International Development, 18(3) (pp. 393-406)
Commercialisation, inequality and transition in health care: the policy challenges in developing and transitional countries (2006-04)
Mackintosh, Maureen and Kovalev, Sergey
Journal of International Development, 18(3) (pp. 387-391)
The market shaping of charges, trust and abuse: health care transactions in Tanzania (2005-10)
Tibandebage, Paula and Mackintosh, Maureen
Social Science & Medicine, 61(7) (pp. 1385-1395)
Inclusion by design? Rethinking health care market regulation in the Tanzanian context (2002-10)
Mackintosh, Maureen and Tibandebage, Paula
Journal of Development Studies, 39(1) (pp. 1-20)
NGOs, consumer rights and access to essential medicines: non-governmental public action in a low-income market context (2013-03-28)
Mujinja, Phares G.M.; Koivusalo, Meri; Mackintosh, Maureen and Chaudhuri, Sudip
In: Howell, Jude ed. Non-Governmental Public Action and Social Justice. Non-Governmental Public Action Series (pp. 112-135)
ISBN : 978-0-230-29036-5 | Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan | Published : Basingstoke
Competitive and organisational constraints on innovation, investment and quality of care in a liberalised low-income health system: evidence from Tanzania (2008)
Mackintosh, Maureen and Tibandebage, Paula
In: Mackintosh, Maureen; Chataway, Joanna and Wuyts, Marc eds. Promoting Innovation, Productivity and Industrial Growth and Reducing Poverty
ISBN : 978-0-415-46528-1 | Publisher : Routledge | Published : London
International migration and extreme health inequality: robust arguments and institutions for international redistribution in health care (2007)
Mackintosh, Maureen
In: McIntyre, Di and Mooney, Gavin eds. The Economics of Health Equity (pp. 151-173)
ISBN : 978-0-521-70506-6 | Publisher : Cambridge University Press | Published : Cambridge, UK
Gender and health sector reform: analytical perspectives on African experience (2006)
Mackintosh, Maureen and Tibandebage, Paula
In: Razavi, Shahra and Hassim, Shireen eds. Gender and Social Policy in a Global Context: Uncovering the Gendered Structure of 'the Social'. Social Policy in a Development Context Series (pp. 237-257)
ISBN : 140399630X | Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan | Published : Basingstoke, UK
La commercialisation des soins de santé et ses inégalités (2006)
Mackintosh, Maureen
In: Coméliau, Christian; Guilloz, Stéphane; Carton, Michel; Flückiger, Yves; Mackintosh, Maureen and Merrien, François Xavier eds. Le Défi Social du Développement: Globalisation et Inégalités (pp. 153-174)
ISBN : 2845867921 | Publisher : Institut Universitaire d'Etudes du Développement and Editions Karthala | Published : Geneva and Paros
Public expenditure allocation and incidence under health care market liberalization: a Tanzanian casestudy (2005)
Mackintosh, Maureen and Kida, Tausi Mbaga
In: Mackintosh, Maureen and Koivusalo, Meri eds. Commercialization of Health Care: Global and Local Dynamics and Policy Responses. Social Policy in a Development Context Series (pp. 267-283)
ISBN : 1403943494 | Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan | Published : Basingstoke, UK
Inequality and redistribution in health care: analytical issues for developmental social policy (2004)
Mackintosh, Maureen and Tibandebage, Paula
In: Mkandawire, Thandika ed. Social Policy in a Development Context. Social Policy in a Development Context Series (pp. 143-174)
ISBN : 1403936609 | Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan | Published : Basingstoke, UK
Non-market relationships in Health Care (2002-09-19)
Mackintosh, Maureen and Gilson, Lucy
In: Heyer, Judith; Stewart, Frances and Thorp, Rosemary eds. Group behaviour and development: is the market destroying co-operation?. WIDER Studies in Development Economics (pp. 253-270)
ISBN : 199256926 | Publisher : Oxford University Press | Published : Oxford, UK
Institutional cultures and regulatory relationships in a liberalising health care system: a Tanzanian case study (2002)
Tibandebage, Paula and Mackintosh, Maureen
In: Heyer, Judith; Stewart, Frances and Thorp, Rosemary eds. Group Behaviour and Development: Is the Market Destroying Cooperation?. Wider Studies in Development Economics (pp. 271-289)
ISBN : 9780199256921 | Publisher : Oxford University Press | Published : Oxford, UK
Do health care systems contribute to inequality? (2000-11)
Mackintosh, Maureen
In: Leon, David and Walt, Gill eds. Poverty, Inequality and Health: An International Perspective (pp. 175-193)
ISBN : 978-0-19-263196-1 | Publisher : Oxford University Press | Published : Oxford
Making Medicines in Africa: The Political Economy of Industrializing for Local Health (2016)
Mackintosh, Maureen; Banda, Geoffrey; Tibandebage, Paula and Wamae, Watu eds.
International Political Economy
ISBN : 9781137571335 | Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan | Published : London
Promoting Innovation, Productivity and Industrial Growth and Reducing Poverty (2008)
Mackintosh, Maureen; Chataway, Joanna and Wuyts, Marc eds.
ISBN : 0-415-46528-1 | Publisher : Routledge | Published : Oxon, UK
Le Défi Social du Développement: Globalisation et Inégalités (2006)
Coméliau, Christian; Guillioz, Stéphane; Carton, Michel; Flückiger, Yves; Mackintosh, Maureen and Merrien, François Xavier eds.
ISBN : 2845867921 | Publisher : Institut Universitaire d'Etudes du Développement and Editions Karthala | Published : Geneva and Paris
Commercialization of health care: global and local dynamics and policy responses (2005-09)
Mackintosh, Maureen and Koivusalo, Meri eds.
Social Policy in a Development Context
ISBN : 1403943494 | Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan | Published : Basingstoke, UK
Submission to the United Nations Secretary General's High Level Panel on Access to Medicines (2016-04)
Mackintosh, Maureen; Kale, Dinar; Orsenigo, Luigi and Simonetti, Roberto
United Nations
Open University Submission : House of Commons International Development Select Committee : Inquiry into Health System Strengthening (2014-05)
Mackintosh, Maureen and Mugwagwa, Julius
Houses of Parliament, London, UK.
Planning and market regulation: strengths, weaknesses and interactions in the provision of less inequitable and better quality health care (2007-03)
Mackintosh, Maureen
Working Paper commissioned and accepted by the World Health Organisation's Commission on the Social Determinants of Health, Health Systems Knowledge Network
The ‘Skills Drain’ of Health Professionals from the developing World:a Framework for Policy Formulation (2005-02)
Mensah, Kwadwo; Mackintosh, Maureen and Henry, Leroi
Medact, London.