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  2. Dr Camilla Elphick

Dr Camilla Elphick

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Professional biography

I have a phd in psychology from the University of Sussex, where I investigated pupillary responses to faces as a measure of implicit recognition in police lineups, supervised by Graham Hole. We found that pupillary responses were different when looking at a previously-seen face than novel faces in a lineup, and that they occurred independently of the conscious identification response given. This novel method was developed as a means to improving eyewitness identification procedures, by bypassing conscious identification decisions. In this capacity, I have funding from the Open University to explore the translation of pupillometry to real world police and legal settings.

I am currently a post doctoral research associate in psychology at the Open University, where I work closely with Graham PikeZoe Walkington and Lara Frumkin for a citizen forensics project. This aims to improve communications between citizens and institutions (e.g. police).  As well as other projects, I conducted a scoping study, analysing existing citizen/police apps. The aim was to inform the creation of future digital policing that serves citizens appropriately, while also conforming to police values. I was also involved in the conception and development of an online Gratitude Tree, which was inspired by the NHS “Clap for Carers”. Clap for Carers generated expressions of hope, gratitude, solidarity, and joy on social media. The Gratitude Tree aims to create a positive online space where people can share feelings and expressions of gratitude and support.

I am an Associate Lecturer at the Open University, teaching DE100: Investigating Psychology, and I am writing materials for DD210: Living psychology: from the everyday to the extraordinary. I am also employed as an academic advisor for the BBC Sounds podcast, Bad People.

I was employed as a researcher for an AI reporting tool called Spot, which is freely available for people to report workplace harassment and discrimination, and worked with Julia Shaw and Rashid Minhas in this capacity. I was also involved in work by Graham Hole and Gemma Briggs, which addresses the dangers of driving while talking on mobile phones. 

My research interests thus lie mainly in the application of psychology to make positive changes to 'real world' issues.

If you are interested in taking part in our most recent eyewitness research, please click here.

Research interests

Conferences:

2019:

Presentation at SARMAC, Cape Cod, USA: Spot On: A Harassment Reporting Chatbot that Protects Evidence Using Artificial Intelligence and a Cognitive Interview 

Poster at BPS Cognitive Developmental Conference, Stoke on Trent: One Small Step: Understanding Wiedemann-Steiner Syndrome (WSS) 

2018: 

Presentations at the BPS Annual Cognitive Conference, Liverpool: You can believe your eyes: measuring implicit recognition in a lineup with pupillometry and Getting something extra out of introverts: Reporting harassment to a CI chatbot

2017

Division of Forensic Psychology Annual Conference, poster presentation: Pupillometry and Credibility: Distinguishing between recognition and no recognition in eyewitnesses who make no identification.

Presentation at BPS Annual Cognitive Conference, Brighton: Can we identify eyewitness identification? Pupil size: A measure of recognition in target present lineups.

2016: 

Presentation at the Crime Research Centre, University of Sussex. Face recognition and Police identification procedures.

Presentation at BPS Annual Cognitive Conference, Barcelona: Pupil size: A measure of identification accuracy in a simultaneous lineup.

Academic submissions:

Elphick, C., Philpot, R., Stuart, A., Zhang, M., Strathie, A., Havard, C., Walkington, Z., Frumkin, L.A., Pike, G., Levine, M., Price, B., Nuseibeh, B., Bandara, A.K. (in press). Digital detectives: websleuthing reduces eyewitness identification accuracy in police lineups. Frontiers in Psychology

Minhas, R., Elphick C., Shaw J. (in press). Protecting Victim and Witness Statement: Examining the Effectiveness of a Chatbot that Uses Artificial Intelligence and a Cognitive Interview​. AI and Society

Elphick, C.; Stuart, A.; Philpot, R.; Walkington, Z.; Frumkin, L.; Zhang, M.; Levine, M.; Price, B.; Pike, G.; Nuseibeh, B.; Bandara, A. (under review). Altruism and anxiety: Engagement with online community support initiatives (OCSIs) during Covid-19 lockdown in the UK and Ireland​. 

In preprint  here.

Elphick C., Minhas, R., Shaw J. (under review). Everybody knows: The importance of speaking up about witnessed workplace harassment and discrimination. Administrative Science Quarterly

In preprint  here.

Other publications:

Shaw J., Elphick, C. & Minhas, R. (July, 2019).  Witnessing workplace harassment and discrimination: Overcoming the ‘social contagion’ of toxic work culture.

Shaw J., Minhas, R., & Elphick, C. (March, 2018) Written Submission to the Women and Equalities Committee Inquiry into Sexual Harassment in the Workplace.

Hole, G., Elphick, C., & Briggs, G. (December, 2018) Policy Brief: Think talking on your hands-free while driving is safe? Think again.

Hole G., Elphick, C., & Briggs, G. (December, 2018) Policy Document: Tackling the dangers of using hands-free mobiles while driving.

Teaching interests

2020 The Open University:

  • Associate Lecturer DE100: Investigating psychology
  • Module production DD210: Living psychology: from the everyday to the extraordinary

2019 University of West London: Guest lecturer Interactive Memory Workshop.

​2017 The University of Sussex: Guest lecturer Problems with eyewitness testimony and Face composite systems

2016 - 2019 Undergraduate and postgraduate co-supervision

2015 - 2017 The University of Sussex: Associate tutor Research Skills in Psychology One and Research Skills in Psychology Two.

Impact and engagement

2020: 

Security and Policing

2019: 

OpenFest 50. Audience participation and research communication on an interactive eyewitness stand, to members of the public, school children, and academics 

Expert on panel at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, for Virtual Human Rights Lawyer (VHRL) Expert Panel on Human Rights App and Community Testing

Presentation at a conference and training event: Developments in Facial Identification in Eyewitness Testimony: Measuring recognition in lineups with pupillometry.

2018:

Presentation at Intelligent Futures: Automation, AI and Cognitive Ecologies, University of Sussex: Artificial Intelligence for Good: Improving harassment reporting with a chatbot called Spot.

UNLEASH, 8th Annual World Conference and Expo, The Future of Work and HR Tech. Amsterdam. 

Presentation at LGBT STEM day, University of Sussex: Can AI help LGBTQ+ people report workplace harassment safely and effectively?

 

External collaborations

Academic advisor for 10 episodes of the Bad People podcast, available on BBC Sounds.

Publications

Digital detectives: websleuthing reduces eyewitness identification accuracy in police lineups (2021-04)
Elphick, Camilla; Philpot, Richard; Zhang, Min; Stuart, Avelie; Pike, Graham; Strathie, Ailsa; Havard, Catriona; Walkington, Zoe; Frumkin, Lara; Levine, Mark; Price, Blaine; Bandara, Arosha and Nuseibeh, Bashar
Frontiers in Psychology, 12, Article 640513


Protecting Victim and Witness Statement: Examining the Effectiveness of a Chatbot that Uses Artificial Intelligence and a Cognitive Interview (2021)
Minhas, Rashid; Elphick, Camilla and Shaw, Julia
AI & Society ((Early Access))


Building trust in digital policing: a scoping review of community policing apps (2021)
Elphick, Camilla; Philpot, Richard; Zhang, Min; Stuart, Avelie; Walkington, Zoe; Frumkin, Lara; Pike, Graham; Gardner, Kelly; Lacey, Mark; Levine, Mark; Price, Blaine; Bandara, Arosha and Nuseibeh, Bashar
Police Practice and Research ((Early Access))


You can believe your eyes: measuring implicit recognition in a lineup with pupillometry (2020)
Elphick, Camilla E. J.; Pike, Graham E. and Hole, Graham J.
Psychology, Crime and Law, 26(1) (pp. 67-92)


Towards Citizen Forensics: Improving Citizen-Police Collaboration (2020)
Bandara, Arosha; Zhang, Min; Price, Blaine; Pike, Graham; Elphick, Camilla; Walkington, Zoe; Frumkin, Lara; Philpot, Richard; Levine, Mark; Stuart, Avelie and Nuseibeh, Bashar
In : Workshop on Crime and/or Punishment: Joining the Dots between Crime, Legality and HCI, Extended Abstracts of ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (25-30 Apr 2020, Honolulu, HI, USA)


Designing Technologies for Community Policing (2020)
Zhang, Min; Bandara, Arosha; Price, Blaine; Pike, Graham; Walkington, Zoe; Elphick, Camilla; Frumkin, Lara; Philpot, Richard; Levine, Mark; Stuart, Avelie and Nuseibeh, Bashar
In : Extended Abstracts of ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (Late Breaking Work) (25-30 Apr 2020, Honolulu, HI, USA) (pp. 1-9)


Pupil changes linked to eyewitness memory strength in police lineups (2019-11-04)
Elphick, Camilla; Hole, Graham and Welsh, Lucy
The Conversation


In the #MeToo era, a chatbot can help people report workplace harassment (2018-03-19)
Shaw, Julia and Elphick, Camilla
The Conversation