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Corruption; murder of Carlos Cardoso

2007 Report of Attorney-General

Report of Attorney-General Joaquim Madeira to the Mozambican parliament 18 April 2007.

Forest governance in Zambézia, Mozambique: Chinese Takeaway

A detailed study of illegal logging in Zambézia province, Mozambique, for export to China, by Catherine Mackenzie, April 2006. In English and Portuguese.

Background on the bank scandal

Killing the goose that laid the golden eggs
More than $400 million went missing from the Mozambique banking system in the 1990s. Carlos Cardoso and António Siba-Siba Macuácua were assassinated in 2000 and 2001 to stop to stop them revealing how much was stolen, who took it, and how the theft was done. This is the English version of a series of 12 articles which appeared over three weeks in September 2001 in Metical, Carlos Cardoso's daily newspaper, setting out what was known about the bank scandals.

Questions about loans to Antonio Simoes raised by Carlos Cardoso in 1988 and answered by donor study in 2005

After 8 years, study shows Cardoso was right to question donor-funded loans

Questions Carlos Cardoso raised in 1998 about misuse of donor funds linked to the banking scandal have finally been answered in a study completed in December 2005, five years after his assassination. And the study shows Cardoso was mostly right.

Carlos Cardoso was investigating banking scandals for several years before he was killed on 22 November 2000. In March and April 1998 he published articles in Metical (182 and 199) in which he alleged that $17 million from five donors had been lent between 1992 and 1994 to Antonio Simões for the purchase of inputs for CSM and Trefel, two metal working companies in Maputo that he controlled, and had been misused -- perhaps to pay for his purchase of Banco Commercial de Moçambique.

Open letter to 5 ambassadors regarding the 9 April 1998 article by Carlos Cardoso in which he alleged that $17 million from the 5 governments had been lent between 1992 and 1994 to Antonio Simoes for the purchase of inputs for CSM and Trefel, and had been misused instead to pay for the purchase of Banco Commercial de Mocambique.

Investment and corruption

Reports on corruption