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This is the first of a block of five units in the field of Human Geography. In this television programme Dr John Blunden relates the classical agricultural land usage principles of TonThunen to mod...ern practice in the British dairy industry. A considerable part of the programme consists of location film of dairy production processes at key manufacturing creameries in the SW of England. Dr Blunden introduces his argument and links all the sequences from a large dairy farm near Honiton in Devon. This was selected as being in one of the Milk Marketing Board's areas in the SW which is particularly advanced in terms of conversion to bulk storage and handling of the liquid milk yield. The programme considers ways in which both manufacturing and transportation techniques have changed, so that bulk reduced dai.ry products can be made economically in the more remote centres where the milk yield is highest both in quantity and quality, and transported to the large consumption areas relatively economically. Dr Blunden concludes the programme by applying von Thunen's principles to the world market in dairy produce.
Metadata describing this Open University video programme
Module code and title: D100, Understanding society: a foundation course
Item code: D100; 19
First transmission date: 23-05-1971
Published: 1971
Rights Statement:
Restrictions on use:
Duration: 00:24:43
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Producer: Roger Tucker
Contributors: John Blunden; Andrew Learmonth
Publisher: BBC Open University
Keyword(s): Agricultural farming; Dairy farming; Honiton, Devon; St Erth, Cornwall
Footage description: Learmonth introduces the unit. Blunden at Bonehayne Farm, nr. Honiton, Devon. Shots of the dairy farm and herd. Shot of the Express Creamery at Honiton, Devon and road tankers leaving the creamery. Blunden gives brief commentary. Blunden back at Bonehayne Farm. He discusses the applicability of Von Thunen's model of agricultural land use to modern dairy production. Shot of Rev. Henry Hunter (portrait). Blunden compares Hunter's analysis of the early 19th cent, agricultural land use- with Von Thunen's model: The comparison accompanies the following shots. Diagramatic map of London urban area. Pictures of early 19th cent. dairy farming. Blunden examines the various agricultural zones around London dairying, market gardening, etc. A diagramatic map shows each zone. Blunden discusses these 19th cent. zones in relation to Von Thunen's model. Blunden at farm. He begins discussion of agricultural land use zoning in terms of modern methods of production and transportation. Shot of locomotive and cars (C.1840) Blunden examines the effect of the spread of railways on the enlargement of the milk production zone. Map of southern England showing the extension of the railways after 1840. Blunden examines the effect of insulated bulk tankers (railway) and the Milk Marketing Board (set up in 1933) on the extension of the milk production zone to Devon and Cornwall. Shot of insulated bulk tanker railway car of the 1920s. Shot of Milk Marketing Board lorry. Map of southern England showing the spread of dairying to Devon and Cornwall. Shots of the Unigate Creamery at St. Erth, Cornwall. Milk churns arriving on lorries. Milk being processed. Railway tanker cars. Milk being bottled and pasteurised. Commentary to the above shots describes the activities of the Creamery. Graph shows the level of demand over a 1 year period for milk by London and also the local demand. The total milk input at St. Erth is added to the graphand a net surplus is shown. Map of England showing the Milk Marketing regions. Increases or decreases in milk available for milk manufacture in these areas between 1939 and 1969 is shown. The process of getting the milk from the farm to the creamery is described. Shots of: 1. Bonehayne Farm, 2. Cow being milked with a milking machine. 3. Milk being put in refrigerated storage tank to await collection. 4. Express Dairy tanker collecting the milk. Caption showing the increase of bulk storage milk production between 1960 and 1970. The caption projects production to 1975. Production of milk products at the Honiton Creamery examined. The commentary is aided by shots of : Honiton 90,000 litre silo and machinery. Milk being removed for various products (cheese, cream, etc.) Heavy and clotted cream being produced and packaged. Butter being produced and packaged. Milk Powder being produced and packaged. Shots of various milk products, (butter, cheese, cream, etc.) A table shows, in ascending order of value, the amounts and types of processed foods which can be manufactured from milk, per 1 million litres of milk to illustrate this Map of the world showing milk product zones. 4 zones are indicated and numbered according to distance from Britain. Table shows various milk products imported and their zone of importation. Blunden in studio. He discusses the ways in which Von Thunen's theory has to be modified to fit today's picture of milk and milk products production. Credits.
Master spool number: 6HT/70128
Production number: 00520_1219
Videofinder number: 3379
Available to public: no