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This is the first of two music programmes and concentrates on sound and notation. Gerald Hendrie introduces Tristram Cary who presents the programme. Tristram Cary teaches electronic composition at... the Royal College of Music and is a composer and performer in his own right.
Metadata describing this Open University video programme
Module code and title: A100, Humanities: a foundation course
Item code: A100; 13
First transmission date: 07-04-1971
Published: 1971
Rights Statement:
Restrictions on use:
Duration: 00:23:40
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Producer: Paul Kafno
Contributors: Charles Botterill; Tristram Cary; Charles Ford; Gerald Hendrie
Publisher: BBC Open University
Keyword(s): Harmonics; Music; Musical notation; Pitch; Sound
Footage description: Shot of a conductor at work. Georg Solti. Shots and sound of various noise making agencies - ambulance, traffic, etc. Shot of Leonard Bernstein conducting. Gerald Hendrie introduces the programme with a brief discussion on the nature of sound. Cary discusses noise and its role in music. He asserts that music is organised noise. The composer's job is to choose the right noises and arrange them in a correct order. Shot of a girl singing. Shot of African drums and singers. Both are examples of organised noise. Shot of cello playing first few bars of Elgar's Violin cello concerto. (Cello playing). Distinction between percussion and melodic instrutments discussed. Shot of oscilloscope screen showing their respective vibrations. Pitch of a note and its relationship to frequency is discussed. Shot of animated diagram showing the vibration of a pendulum as an example of a simple note. Its sine curve is shown on an oscilloscope screen. The curve is shown through its entire auditory range. Various instruments play the same note. Shots of oscilloscope screen showing vibrations. The notes look and sound different. A cello is used to show the reason for this difference. String of cello vibrates as a whole and also as a section of a whole. The note is a mixture of all the modes of vibration. Cary introduces harmonics and fundamentals. The proportion of harmonics in a note cause the same note played on different instrument to sound different. Importance of attack to the note is discussed. The working principles of musical instruments are discussed using string instruments as examples. Carry shows several musical instruments and discusses their sound-making properties. Shot of a violin being scraped. Cary lists the properties of the musical note and gives a short explanation of each. Concept of the musical notation is introduced. Staff system of musical rotation is explained with the aid of animated diagrams. First few bars of "Three blind mice" played and noted. Shot of the sheet music for Bach's Chaconne from the D minor partita for Violin. The music is played.
Master spool number: 6LT/70089n
Production number: 00520_1313
Videofinder number: 2371
Available to public: no