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The progranme which is introduced by Prof. Haynes takes the student into a large indastrial chemicals factory. The programme centers on one process, that of making acetic acid by the oxidation of N...aphtha - a petroleum fraction - with air. Prof. Haynes talks to Dr. A. R. Graham who outlines the various stages in the development of the process : Laboratory research and development, and pilot plant development. He then talks about the construction of the first process plant, and with the help of animations explains how it works. Prof. Haynes then talks to Mr. L. Claydon about how the process has been developed since the pilot; plant stage, and in particular the improvements that were made when a second, but much larger, plant using this process was built on this site near Hull.
Metadata describing this Open University video programme
Item code: S24-; 07
First transmission date: 22-04-1972
Published: 1972
Rights Statement:
Restrictions on use:
Duration: 00:22:34
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Producer: Barrie Whatley
Contributors: A R Graham; LEN Haynes
Publisher: BBC Open University
Keyword(s): Animations; Chemical factory; Oxidation of Naphtha; Pilot plant development; Research and development
Footage description: Len Haynes, in a field near Hull at the BP Chemicals International Ltd. plant, introduces the programme. Film shots of the BP Chemicals plant which manufactures acetic acid by oxidation of naphtha. Commentary by Haynes points out the plant's components and explains what they do. He then gives the production figures for the plant. Haynes reads from a paper which lists some of the properties of naphtha. The components of naphtha are then shown on the screen together with their proportions. A.R. Graham (Manager, BP Chemicals R & D Laboratories) outlines the various stages of development of the process of oxidising naphtha to make acetic acid. He starts with laboratory research and development. Shots of the process in the laboratory. Haynes joins in the commentary. He discusses some of the problems which were encountered in the development process. More film shots of the process in the laboratory. Film shots of the pilot plant. Commentary explains the development process. A series of animated diagrams aid the commentary. Film shots of the stainless steel reactor vessel used in the first full scale plant being manufactured in Sweden. Film shots of the reactor vessel being transported from Sweden to Hull by rail, sea and road. Shots of it being installed at the Hull site. Commentary continues to discuss the process. The first, full scale plant on the site is used as the example. Animated diagrams are super imposed over a still shot of the plant. David Claydon discusses development of the process since the pilot plant stage. Shots of the plant and the laboratory at intervals while he talks. Claydon points out some of the problems which arose. Haynes and Claydon discuss the need to monitor the process conditions at various stages of the process. Film shots of the plant and animated diagrams showing the process aid the discussion. Film shots of the plant, particularly the generator room. Claydon discusses the improvements made in the compressors for the second full scale plant. Haynes and Claydon discuss the choice of materials for plant construction. Film shots of the plant, at intervals, as they talk. Claydon explains the importance of continued development.
Master spool number: 6HT/70571
Production number: 00521_2169
Videofinder number: 1724
Available to public: no