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The film documents of both World Wars remark on the 'new' phenomenon of women at work. But Professor Marwick asks what was so new about that? And could there be anything innovatorayabout women exch...anging cooking and housekeeping in their own homes for the cookhouse, and the miltary hospital? The film evidence suggests that there was small progress in women;s emancipation thanks to two world wars, but it is left to the student to deduce from the film documents how far it was permanent. as a comparison, the film looks at the place of women in France. He also looks at the interwar period and issues of birth control.
Metadata describing this Open University video programme
Module code and title: A301, War and society
Item code: A301; 05
First transmission date: 28-03-1973
Published: 1973
Rights Statement:
Restrictions on use:
Duration: 00:23:12
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Producer: Edward Hayward
Contributor: Arthur Marwick
Publisher: BBC Open University
Keyword(s): Film evidence; Housing; Newsfilm; Social change; Women; Women's Army
Footage description: Long sequence from 'Women work wonder's' (Movietone Newsical) showing women in the various roles undertaken during the second world war:- e.g. postwomen, conductresses, drivers in the WAAC, munitions and factory workers etc. Arthur Marwick shows two clips from World War 1 films showing women in the Land Army and in the Royal Air Force. He then goes on to analyse interpretations and theories of social change based upon the widening of women's social experience during the two world wars. Clip from 'Belles of the (Black) Diamond field' showing women at work in the mines. Clip of French women making artificial flowers, Arthur Marwick comments. Sequences from 1918 film showing the life of a member of Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps. It is a recruiting film. Arthur Marwick comments. Arthur Marwick introduces a sequence from a French news film, to show the experience of French women during and after the 1st World War where similar roles during the war were not matched by similar gains as those enjoyed by British Women. French suffragette demonstration of 1936 is shown. Arthur Marwick shows 'Maisie's marriage', a family planning film produced by Marie Stopes. Arthur Marwick uses the film as a demonstration of the change in women's role in society. Arhtur Marwick continues his discussion of the changes in manners and morals due to women's enlarged social role and experience. Film of social activities and of women taking over formerly male activities during World War 2. Activities shown are: 1. Bus conductresses 2. Factory workers 3. Rations preparing in the WAAF. 4. Radio operators in the WAAF. Sequences from films and newsreels on wartime fashion and clothes rationing. Arthur Marwick comments. Sequence from newsreel showing arrangements made for baby minding during World War 2 in order to release women for war work. Arthur Marwick comments and touches upon other demands made by women based on their widened work and social roles promoted by war. Film of French women collaborators being shorn of their hair after liberation. Arthur Marwick comments. Arthur Marwick shows 'Homes for the people' - a film given over to the need for more and better home building. He comments on the attitude to women's role in society that is implied.
Master spool number: 6LT/70728
Production number: 00522_3305
Videofinder number: 2571
Available to public: no