video record
Media not available in the Digital Archive
Kevin Wilson discusses the functions and topographical characteristics of market towns in the 16th and 17th centuries, and their distribution across the country. Then, by focussing on three example...s in the urban hierarchy, Banbury - a regional centre. Chipping Carnpden - a small market town, and Hallaton - a market village, he discusses factors affecting the growth or decline of such communities. Charles Phythian-Adams of the Department of Local History at the University of Leicester introduces the Hallaton case-study.
Metadata describing this Open University video programme
Module code and title: A322, English urban history 1500-1780
Item code: A322; 03
First transmission date: 1977
Published: 1977
Rights Statement:
Restrictions on use:
Duration: 00:24:30
+ Show more...
Producer: Patricia Hodgson
Contributors: Charles Phythian-Adams; Kevin Wilson
Publisher: BBC Open University
Keyword(s): Banbury; Chipping Camden; Hallaton; Market towns; Topography
Footage description: The programme opens with stills of Burford in Oxfordshire, over which Kevin Wilson describes the fundamental characteristics of market towns. In particular, he explains the significance of burgage plots. A map shows the layout of Burford's burgage plots. Using a variety of maps, plans and aerial photographs, Wilson shows the four main shapes that market towns assume. He uses Thame, Bampton, Royston and Stow-on-the-Wold as examples. Shots of Kings Lynn market in progress, voice over Wilson describes the general functions of market towns. An animated map shows the position of Chipping Campden within the Cotswold area of Gloucestershire. The town's relation to other Cotswold market towns is also shown. With the aid of film of the town, Wilson describes how Chipping Campden acted as a market for its agricultural hinterland. Again using the map, Wilson explains that the town is a route centre. With the help of an animated town plan, Wilson describes the demographic and occupational composition of medieval Chipping Camden. Shots of the town shown. A brief biography of William Greville is given and his role in the wool trade described. The influence of wool on the town's history is dealt with. The physical form of Chipping Campden's market is explained, and the function of the main market buildings described. An animated map shows the position of Banbury within its region. Shots of its livestock market. In interview, Ron Linford, of Midland Cattle Marts, provides a brief history of Banbury's livestock market and describes its present scope. Over aerial views and plans of Banbury, Wilson remarks on various topographical features of the town. Over film shot within Banbury, he comments on the distribution of specialised markets within the town, and on the development of the town's layout. Over shots of various Banbury inns, Wilson explains the commercial functions of inns in the early modern period. He outlines Banbury's development from the seventeenth century to the present over various aerial views of the town. Charles Phythian-Adams describes Hallaton, Leicestershire, which is an example of a market village. Stills of Hallaton are shown, and a map shows the incidence of market villages in South Leicestershire. Phythian-Adams gives reasons for the failure of Hallaton to develop between 1400 and 1700. Eighteenth century Hallaton is described. Wilson concludes by defining the three kinds of English market town, which have been illustrated in the programme by Banbury, Chipping Campden and Hallaton.
Master spool number: 6HT/72404
Production number: 00525_3265
Videofinder number: 3323
Available to public: no