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The 19th century alkali industry makes today's chemical industry look like a model of cleanliness and safety. It was one of the filthiest, most dangerous activities in British industrial history. I...n the 19th century, the manufacture of soda (alkali) and chlorine by the Leblanc process caused iimense pollution in Tyneside, Widnes and St. Helens and Glasgow. alec Campbell traces the rise and fall of the Leblanc industry and its replacement by the more efficient, safer Solvay and electrolytic processes for making alkali. He explains the demand for the industry, its processes, its products, its siting and its consequences. The programme includes location footage of many early processes, including traditional salt manufacture in Cheshire, together with a wealth of material unearthed from ICI's film archive.
Metadata describing this Open University video programme
Module code and title: A281, Technology and change c.1750-1914
Item code: A281; 04
First transmission date: 24-03-1984
Published: 1984
Rights Statement:
Restrictions on use:
Duration: 00:25:00
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Producer: Neil Cameron
Contributors: Alec Campbell; Haydn Jones
Publisher: BBC Open University
Keyword(s): Alkali industry; Chemical industry; Electrolytic processes; ICI; Industrial pollution; Industrial revolution; Leblanc process; Salt manufacture; Solvay process
Master spool number: HOU4450
Production number: FOUA176L
Videofinder number: 2549
Available to public: no