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Christopher Harvie, Lecturer in History, introduces a fifteen minute film on the industrial development of Glasgow. The film is scripted by John Hune, Lecturer in Econonic History at Strathclyde Un...iversity and author of a forthcoming study of the-industrial archaeology of Glasgow. The film looks, through the eyes of the industrial archaeologist, at the growth of industry - and particularly of shipbuilding - in Glasgow fron the 10th century. We concentrate on the firn of Randolph and Elder who first introduced the oonpound stean engine into ships. This engine made possible the first really econonic cargo steamers and it is explained on animated film. We also look around Randolph and Elder's engine workshop, which was designed by John Spence and has been demolished since we shot our film. In the second part of the filn, we look at Glasgow's attempts to tackle the social problems brought about by industrialisation. Using old photographs, we see the dismal living conditions of 19th century Glasgow sluns, we look at the Loch Katrine water schene which wo.s constructed to bring fx^esh water into the city and which made possible the building of lavatories, wash-houses and public baths. We then look in sone detail at the housing schemes of the 1860's and the new trust schools which were built after the 1872 Education Act. Finally, we see Glasgow's most famous trust school, The Scotland Street School, designed by Charles Bennie Macintosh. The film is available separately - 16ins black and white.
Metadata describing this Open University video programme
Module code and title: A100, Humanities: a foundation course
Item code: A100; 30
Series: Industrialisation and culture
First transmission date: 22-08-1971
Published: 1971
Rights Statement:
Restrictions on use:
Duration: 00:24:17
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Producer: Paul Kafno
Contributors: Chris Harvie; John R. Hume
Publisher: BBC Open University
Keyword(s): Glasgow; Henry Bell; Industrial archaeology; Lock Katrine pipeline; Robert Napier; Slums; Tenements
Footage description: Christopher Harvie introduces the programme. Map of Glasgow 1800 and map of Glasgow 1900 showing aerial view of docks and photograph of slum dwellers ca.1900. Photograph of Randolph and Elder building. Film begins. Short history of commercial growth of Glasgow with shots of drawings of 18th century Glasgow. Shots of piston arm, drive wheel arm, sun & planed gear mechanism of steam engine (beam type). Adoption of steam engine for vessels. Drawings and closely photographed model of Bell's Comet and drawings of other later steam vessels. Portraits of Henry Bell and Robert Napier. Narrator links the growth of Glasgow with the development of the steam engine. Side elevation of SS 'Great Eastern' and Ulysses to show comparative engine sizes. Portraits of John Elder and Charles Eandolph. Demonstration by animated drawing of John MacNaught's compound steam engine. Shots of drawing of patented compound engine, shots of later engines. Map of Glasgow 1858 showing site of Randolph and Elder engine shop, and in 1852. Detailed shots of Randolph and Elder's engine shop . Sequence closes with photographs of the first triple expansion steam engine built by Randolph & Elder for SS 'Propontis'. Narrator describes the movement out of the city centre of industry to newer sites, and the wealthier classes to a more pleasant enviroment, leaving the centre for the industrial poor. Shots of slum conditions and slum dwellers squalid and miserable. Further photographs of slum conditions. Short history of Lock Katrine pipeline project bringing fresh water into Glasgow City Centre and completed in 1859. Shots of Lock Katrine reservoir and of Townhead Baths and Glasgow's response in the closing decades of the 19th century to her social problems. Shots of Tenements erected by the City Developement Trust and of Cathedral Court, erected by Glasgow Workmens Dwelling Company designed by John James Birnett. Shots of Townhead School and Scotland Street School ( the later designed by Charles Rennie Mackintosh as further examples of Glasgows response to social needs. Close of film. Christopher Harvie and John Hume discuss the limits of what may be legitimately deduced from the evidence of industrial archaeology, its particular values, its techniques and the need for recording and preservation if possible of disappearing industries
Master spool number: 6LT/70195
Production number: 00520_1339
Videofinder number: 2441
Available to public: no