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The music of Vivaldi and Bach was originally played on instruments quite different from their modern equivalents. The violin, cello and double bass looked different and had quite a difference of As well as that the violins were more frequently used in music making than they are today. This programme examines these physical differences and also some of the differences in style and technique. A movement from a trio sonata by Corelli is played in a 'Baroque style' and in a modern 'post-Romantic' style. Viewers are also introduced to two plucked instruments of the period, the lute and the more unusual chittarone. The programme ends with a movement from Vivaldi's Opus 3 No.8 which illustrates the relationship between the trio sonata and the concerto grosso.
Metadata describing this Open University video programme
Module code and title: A304, The development of instruments and their music
Item code: A304; 02
First transmission date: 27-02-1974
Published: 1974
Rights Statement:
Restrictions on use:
Duration: 00:23:25
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Producer: Richard Callanan
Contributors: Owain Edwards; Kathleen Malet; Clare Renwick; John Russell; Maxwell Ward; Donald Weekes
Publisher: BBC Open University
Keyword(s): Post-romantic style
Subject terms: Bowed stringed instruments; Instrumental music; Seventeenth century
Footage description: Programme opens with part of "Langton's Pavane" by John Dowland, played in the studio Owain Edwards introduces the programme, which examines bowed instruments and the music written for them in the 17th century. The Pavane is played again and Edwards describes each instrument in turn, as it is seen in close-up. The complete piece is then played again without interruption. Edwards demonstrates and describes the lute and the chittarone. He compares the construction of the modern violin and cello with their baroque counterparts, which are then heard in the Allegro from the Corelli Trio Sonata, op. 1, no.1. The complete allegro is played on modernised instruments, substituting the harpsichord forthe chittarone. Edwards explains the differences in technique and style of playing demanded by the baroque and modern instruments. The piece is playedagain on the old instruments to demonstrate this. Finally he explains the development of the concerto grosso on the popular large scale form of instrumental music and the group perform the first Allegro from Op.3 no.8 by Vivaldi.
Master spool number: 6HT/71073
Production number: 00525_3175
Videofinder number: 2624
Available to public: no