Generation to generation: finding out about where people with learning difficulties fit into their family trees
Mabel Cooper and Gloria Ferris

This paper will look at how two people with learning disabilities have come to find out about their families. It will include Gloria's work on her family tree and the research Mabel did in finding out about her family. Read the full abstract ...

Children and young people with learning difficulties in mid-nineteenth century Britain
David Stewart

"Help him, in his darkened walk through this sad world, or he is doomed, and my poor heart is broken." (Dickens - Barnaby Rudge) Charles Dickens, a keen advocate of education for children with learning disabilities, gives these words to Mrs Rudge, mother of a young man with learning disabilities. Read the full abstract ...

Missed but still very much there: death and dying in an old learning disability hospital
Stuart Todd and David O'Driscoll

The place of the institution in the history of learning disability provision and social control practices is understood by many people. Through careful study and the collection and preservation of evidence and narratives, it is not difficult to imagine the day to day workings of institutions. Read the full abstract ...

Substitute families: teachers as primary caregivers during the Second World War
Sue Wheatcroft

This paper discusses the experiences of children with learning difficulties during the Second World War. In particular, it looks at the role of teachers within the residential special schools set up to accommodate children evacuated from areas deemed vulnerable to air attack. Read the full abstract ...

During the lunch period, delegates were invited to view the exhibition

Afternoon session

Introduction
Nigel Ingham and Gloria Ferris (co-chairs)

(Please note: there is no audio available for the Day 1 afternoon introduction.)

Finding my family
Victor Hall

I want to tell you my life story. I have had hard times and good times. I am a survivor of institutions. It is important to hear my story to stop things like people having to live in hospital happening again. Read the full abstract ...

More than just a name in an admission book: discovering lost families and histories of those with learning disabilities one hundred years ago
Kath Ensor

"Next of kin unknown": how often in the past have these or similar words appeared in historic documents relating to those with learning disabilities? Should these words be accepted on face value or there ways to discover the unremembered and unrecorded families? Read the full abstract ...

Parental accounts of autism
Mary Langan

Parents of children with autism now play a prominent role in the public discourse about autism. Over the past decade a range of autobiographies, novels, films and documentaries have presented the parental experience of autism to a widening audience. Read the full abstract ...

Views and experiences of older family carers with special reference to ethnicity
Raghu Raghavan

The White Paper Valuing People (Department of Health, 2001) estimates that one third of people with learning disabilities living in the family home are living with a carer aged 70 or over. Many of these older carers have often been caring for years with very little support from services. Read the full abstract ...

Day two - 10th July 2009 - 'Family experiences'

Morning session

Introduction
Anne Lewthwaite, Mabel Cooper and Sue Ledger (co-chairs)

(Please note: there is no audio available for the Day 2 morning introduction.)

Making sense of the past: a sibling account
Rohhss Chapman

In 1971, the White Paper Better Services for the Mentally Handicapped set out landmark policy on the future direction of services for people with learning difficulties; this was a major move toward what we now understand as 'social care'. Read the full abstract ...

This was my life: I'm here to tell it
Kelley Johnson and Patrick Kearney

Patrick Kearney told his story about growing up and living in Ireland to Kelley Johnson. She wrote it up and they agreed what should be in it together. Read the full abstract ...

Life histories and families
Louise Frost

My paper is divided into two parts. The first part is about my life history and what happened to me. The second part is about my relationships with my Mum, my brother and my Dad. Read the full abstract ...

The exceptional experience of difference: a learning journey through difficulties and insights
Hilra Vinha

My close relationship with my brother provided me with a strong sense of the struggles of (him) being disabled, in contrast with (me) being so-called "normal". Read the full abstract ...

My life
Elizabeth Harkness

I'm 58 and I have had a very interesting life. I went to school and was kicked out, then got back in, then moved to another school. Read the full abstract ...

During the lunch period, there was an exhibition and film

Afternoon session

Introduction
David O'Driscoll and Patrick Delaney (co-chairs)

(Please note: there is no audio available for the Day 2 afternoon introduction.)

Autism and learning disability over time: an early-life history approach
Andrew Lovell

This paper reports on a research study examining the impact of the diagnosis of autism on the lives of two individuals with learning disabilities. Read the full abstract ...

Out of the frying pan ...
Daniel Docherty

Rather than looking at 'hidden' or 'lost' families that are found, my paper is about experiences of rejection and how my family and foster family didn't want me. Read the full abstract ...

When hospital care was the main alternative to family care: a survey in 1983
Anne McAreavy

In 2009 we speak of people with a learning difficulty living in their own home with support but in 1983, when this survey was done, no one talked in that way because the services were different. Read the full abstract ...

Summing up
Jan Walmsley