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This is the third of the television programmes connected with this course which, attempts to place revolutions in their social, economic and geographical context. In many ways, the Austrian Empire... represented the most complex of problems for its would be revolutionaries. There were as many races, religions, languages,social, economic and geographical contexts as most of western Europe put together. In this programme, Dr. Christopher Harvie has decided to discuss only two of the problems, those of land and the account of the English traveller of the Turnbull, and illustrating his words with contemporary illustrations and modern photographs, Christopher Harvie shows how great were the difficulties facing reformers of a varied, but largely semi-feudal system of land tenure, and the sometimes conflicting demands of revolutionary nationalists in such a racially varied Empire.
Metadata describing this Open University video programme
Module code and title: A321, The revolutions of 1848
Item code: A321; 07
First transmission date: 15-07-1976
Published: 1976
Rights Statement:
Restrictions on use:
Duration: 00:24:09
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Producer: Edward Hayward
Contributors: Chris Harvie; Brian Hayes
Publisher: BBC Open University
Keyword(s): Industry; Politics; Religion
Footage description: The programme opens with stills of Francis Joseph and his fellow Habsburgs, over which Harvie comments on the demise of the Austrian Empire between 1848 and 1918. From the studio, Harvie explains why the two issues of land and race were of crucial importance in the Austrian Empire. Using a studio chart, he describes the taxation system employed in the Empire, and briefly describes the brand of autocracy that the Habsburgs adhered to. Harvie describes the economic problems of the Habsburg Empire. Over an animated map and stills he describes industrial development and internal and external trade. From the studio Harvie describes the conservative influence of the nobility within the Empire. Stills show their lifestyle. Harvie describes and accounts for the condition of the peasantry. Over a map of the Empire he indicates regional differences in land use and transportation. He uses a studio chart to show average peasant earnings in different regions, and comments on the Empire's various races over stills of houses peculiar to the different ethnic groups. Over various stills of peasant life, a long quotation from the English traveller John Paget describes the rights of peasants under serfdom. Harvie expands on this, describing patterns of tenure over a map of the Empire. Harvie explains the unpopularity of modified feudalism among both peasantry and nobility. Stills show peasants in revolt and the Austrian Reichstag meeting. Harvie explains the nature of Austrian liberalism and the importance of Germans with the Empire. He uses an ethnographical mapas an aid. Over relevant stills, Harvie describes the position of the Slavs within the Empire, also quoting from Paget and Turnbull. He describes cultural and religious differences between the various Slav groups, and their role in the Imperial army. From the studio, Harvie concludes with a statement on the importance of the Slavs between 1848 and 1918.
Master spool number: 6HT/72116
Production number: 00525_3218
Videofinder number: 3314
Available to public: no