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Professor Christopher Harvie of Tubingen University discusses the problems of nationalism and liberalism which confronted the Emperor Franz Joseph in the last years of the Austro-Hungarian Empire a...nd discusses how economic and technological change helped keep the Empire together. Ultimately, however, those same developments led to to the Austrian defeat in the First World War and to the break-up of the Empire.
Metadata describing this Open University video programme
Module code and title: A309, Conflict and stability in the development of modern Europe c.1789-1970
Item code: A309; 02
First transmission date: 09-03-1980
Published: 1980
Rights Statement:
Restrictions on use:
Duration: 00:25:00
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Producer: Patricia Hodgson
Publisher: BBC Open University
Subject terms: Liberalism; Nationalism
Footage description: The programme opens with high angle views of Vienna with music over. Shots of open air cafes In voice over Herrick comments on the extent to which Vienna was the political and cultural capital of early 19th century Europe. Film of the old medieval town's streets and shops. Film of scenes around Vienna, over which Herrick describes the polyglot nature of the Habsburg Empire. Film of Bohemia, Prague, Cracow, Hungary, Budapest, Slav peasants, Northern Italy. The commentary emphasises the size and variety of the empire. Film of the Hofburg, the Habsburg Palace in Vienna; both external views of the palace and close-ups of decorative detail. Music over. The Emperor's many official titles are read over shots of the Hofburg. Maps show the different regions of the Empire and past threats faced from France, Russia and the Turks. The traditional role of the Imperial government in protecting its subjects is described. The innovative reign of Joseph II is briefly described over film of agricultural scenes. The problem facing the Empire in the 19th century are explored. A variety of prints show the Viennese revolution of 1848, which is described in voice over. A long quotation is read from Richard Wagner's description of Vienna during the revolution. Prints show scenes from the supression of the revolution, which is described in voice over. Film of peasants at work, then shots of model soldiers in the Heeresgeschicht Museum, over which the composition of the Imperial armed forces is described. Prints of military and imperial scenes, over which the accession of Franz Joseph is described. The new cabinet's aims are briefly described. Film of a trading boat on the Danube. An animated map shows the navigable rivers of the Empire. Over this and prints of steamships the increase in river trade between 1830 and 1865 is described. An animated map shows rail routes in the Habsburg Empire, over which the expansion of railways in described. Film of trains passing through Alpine passes between Austria and Italy. The engineering achievements of this line are described. Shots of heavy duty goods engines at the Eisenbalm Museum in Vienna. Brief shots of the railway entering Venice. Numerous prints depicting the modernised Austrian forces. The process of modernisation is described over exhibits at the military museum in Vienna. Portraits of Franz Joseph over which the significance of the modernisation programme is considered. Portrait of Bismark, then prints showing the Prussian army. The greater modernisation of the Prussian forces is examined and their defeat of the Austrian at Sadowa described. Shots of Northern Italy. The Austrian defeat of the Italian fleet at Lissa is described over illustrative paintings. The ensuing peace negotiations are briefly discussed. Film of Vienna's great mid-nineteenth century buildings over which the post-1866 liberalisation of Imperial, government is described. Archive film from around the Empire, over which political concessions to nationialism are described. Stills of the 1873 Great Exhibition in Vienna, which is discussed. Film of the modern funfair in the Prater. A still shows Franz Joseph as an old man. Archive film of him at an imperial ceremony over which Herrick quotes a tribute to him. Film of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, whose fatal trip to Sarajevo is described. Film of scenes from the start of the Great War. Film of Franz Joseph's funeral over which the significance of the War on the Austrian Empire is considered.
Master spool number: HOU3322
Production number: FOUA053W
Videofinder number: 4167
Available to public: no