Introducing the social sciences
This key introductory OU level 1 module provides an ideal introduction to the social sciences – psychology, social policy and criminology, geography and environment, politics and international studies, economics and sociology. You’ll explore a wide range of topics which shape the nature of contemporary UK society; from questions of identity, inequalities and differences to consumerism and environment, and issues of social order, disorder and governance. Using a blend of text, audio, video and online materials, you’ll be equipped with a range of skills for independent study and for your personal and working life.
What you will study
Introducing the social sciences provides an accessible and contemporary introduction to the social sciences and the questions and issues that social scientists investigate and explore. It is an ideal entry level module for a range of social science and related qualifications.
The module begins with The Life and Times of the Street as a window into a range of social issues which social scientists are interested in exploring. In addition to providing the starting point for the three questions that form the teaching strands to this module, the street is regarded as a place that provokes questions and issues which you will return to at various points during your study. By exploring the street, this module aims to show you how social life is being made and remade in the contemporary UK.
The three module-wide questions are:
How is society made and remade? This question asks how people make society in their relations with one another and with the world around them, and how, in turn, society shapes people.
How are differences and inequalities produced? People making and being shaped by society generate differences between and inequalities among groups and individuals – you will discover where these come from and how they change
How do we know? This sets out how social scientists investigate and answer questions about society.
You will explore social science answers to these questions by looking at three strands of study materials.
This addresses questions about how people make and remake their lives but not in circumstances of their own choosing. Through a focus on consumerism and shopping, power and markets, you will explore how social lives are made and remade, how individuals’ identities and sense of self are shaped by their relationship with other people and with objects. In addition, you will examine the constraints and opportunities that impact upon people’s ability to belong to a consumer society.
The second strand is about the various ways that individuals and their social lives are made and remade through connections to, and disconnections from, other people and places, plus how they see themselves, see others and where they live. A key focus will be on the insights both psychologists and sociologists can bring to an examination of questions of identity in relation to personal and social lives, issues of class, gender, race and disability and issues around our connections to place and migration.
The final strand explores some of the different ways in which social life is ordered and governed through the rules, norms and expectations people have of one another in day-to-day interaction. You will discover how these are made and remade; how does social order and ordering vary in time and place; and how is social order contested, challenged and sometimes broken. In this strand you will explore the relationship between social order and disorder beginning at the level of the neighbourhood and finishing with an examination of the role played by political authorities (governments and states) in defining and attempting to govern order and disorder.
You will learn
You will learn:
the nature of the social sciences and the ways they develop through a process of questions, arguments, evidence and evaluation
some key issues and debates at the centre of life in the contemporary UK.
You’ll develop an awareness of a range of different disciplinary approaches in the social sciences and you will gain confidence and skills in:
studying and accessing information from a range of sources
reading, interpreting and evaluating evidence
presenting and communicating ideas and information in a variety of formats
managing your time
learning from feedback
reflecting on your own learning.
Two module text books, audio, video and online activities delivered via the module website.
You will need a computer with internet access to study this module as the study materials and activities are accessible via a web browser. Any other computer-based activities you will need to carry out, such as word processing, using spreadsheets, taking part in online forums, and submitting files to the university for assessment, are specified in the module materials. If any additional software is needed for these tasks it will either be provided or is freely available.
We recommend either of the following:
Windows desktop or laptop computer running Windows 7 or later operating system
Macintosh desktop or laptop computer running OS X 10.7 or later operating system.
A netbook, tablet, smartphone or Linux computer that supports one of the browsers listed below may be suitable. The screen size should be at least 1024 (H) x 768 (W) pixels. If you intend to use one of these devices please ensure you have access to a suitable desktop or laptop computer with a Windows or OS X operating system, in case you are unable to carry out all the module activities because some software will not run on Linux, iOS or Android devices.
We recommend a minimum 1 Mbps internet connection and any of the following browsers for carrying out web-based activities:
Internet Explorer 9 and above
Apple Safari 7 and above
Google Chrome 31 and above
Mozilla Firefox 31 and above.
Note: using the latest version for your browser will maximise security when accessing the internet. Using company or library computers may prevent you accessing some internet materials or installing additional software.
To be able to talk and listen in our online discussions you will need both a microphone and speakers/headphones.
See our Skills for OU study website for further information about computing skills for study and educational deals for buying Microsoft Office software.