Exploring art and visual culture
What is art and how has it changed through history? How do artists create works of art? If you're interested in the place of the visual in our lives, then this module is for you. You'll look at major artworks from Raphael to Vermeer, the Pre-Raphaelites to Picasso, and at buildings from Westminster Abbey to the houses of Le Corbusier. You'll study the religious imagery and court art of the Medieval period and Renaissance; the growth of modern cities and art rooted in classical traditions; and finally look at changing approaches to art making from Picasso to the present.
What you will study
The module will introduce you to major art works and artists through three books: the first about the art and visual culture of the Medieval period and Renaissance; the second about art, sculpture and building in modern cities and the wider world covering the period from 1600-1850; and a final part examining how the art world has changed from the late nineteenth century to the contemporary period, reflected in the different kinds of art works artists have produced. The module looks at a wide range of visual media, including painting, architecture, sculpture and contemporary art forms, allowing you to develop skills in the analysis of works of art, from portraits to still life, as well as buildings and sculptures. Further, you'll develop an understanding of how art has been defined and its relation to other types of artistic production. You'll study from three lavishly illustrated co-published module books, alongside extensive online material including films of art works in museums and galleries. The module is also supported by a Reader containing a selection of primary and secondary texts by artists, critics and art historians.
Book One - 1100 to 1600
This focuses on the visual culture of the medieval period and the Renaissance exploring carefully selected topics and themes. It asks fundamental questions such as: what do sacred representations signify? How might the study of architecture be approached? When did the idea of art develop and what should we make of images in an era before this category came into use? How did the consumption and uses of art change through time? Engaging with these questions, you'll consider approaches to art and visual culture in a society very different from our own.
The first part concentrates on the visual culture of medieval Christendom, exploring not only what we now think of as the ‘high arts’ of painting, sculpture and architecture, but also the wider visual representations that played a significant role in the cultures of the time. You'll cover: the relation between the visual arts and religious culture; art and architecture of great churches, with a case study of Westminster Abbey; the work of the prominent Italian painter Simone Martini; and the distinctive visual culture that developed in the ‘Holy Land’ during the Crusades.
The second part looks at art and other visual artefacts that were important in the period broadly designated ‘the Renaissance’, from approximately 1400 to 1600. The Renaissance is traditionally seen as one of the high points of European culture and important themes from this cultural moment are considered. Material investigated includes the art of aristocratic courts; the role of gender in patronage; and the travels of El Greco.
Book Two - 1600 to 1850
This was the period in which a modern art world began to appear, with its own institutions and associated ideas about art and artists. You'll explore the ways in which art and visual culture were shaped by the ruling elites of different European countries, as well as considering the impact of socio-economic change and the significance for artists of global connections.
In the first part you'll look at the period from around 1600 to about 1760, You’ll study how this new art world began to appear in European cities, contrasting the art of Baroque Rome with the taste for landscape and still life in seventeenth-century Holland and looking at the emergence of the modern city with a chapter studying post-Fire London.
The second part focuses on the period from around 1760 to 1850. You'll explore some of the ways in which art contributed to the emergence of a recognisably modern world. from the start of public exhibitions of art, to the revival of classical models in sculpture and the impact on art of new connections across the globe. You’ll also study how the Romantic image of artists came about.
Book Three - 1850 to present
You'll consider the development of modern art in Europe and North America and the impact made by an increasingly globalised art world on art practice. Some artists in this period responded to the commercialisation of society by trying to demarcate art from visual culture, while others immersed themselves in popular imagery. In order to explore these approaches you will look at examples of photography, design and installation art alongside painting and sculpture.
The first part covers the period from the middle of the nineteenth century to the end of the 1930s. It looks at the relationship between social and industrial modernisation and art making in western Europe and other parts of the globe. You will focus on the work of Manet and the Impressionists; the visual culture of Victorian Britain, including William Morris and the Pre-Raphaelites; and the emergence of Cubism.
The second part considers the period from the 1940s up to the present day, including the consolidation and dominance of modernism in the New York art world and the subsequent opening up of a globalised art market. It includes material on: Abstract Expressionism and Conceptual art; installations and site specific art; and artistic responses to the recent economic and political conditions of globalisation.
You will learn
This module will give you the skills for the study of art history including an appreciation and understanding of Renaissance, eighteenth-century and modern art as well as an understanding of how art has been defined. You'll develop your skills in visual analysis, highly valued in the visual world of today, as well as in evaluating written sources related to the making, collecting and definition of art. You'll also further develop your skills in critical reading and written expression, learning how to build arguments using the evidence of visual material and debates about its place in the world of art.
This is an OU level 2 module and builds on the OU level 1 modules Discovering the arts and humanities (A111), or The arts past and present (AA100) (now discontinued), and Voices, texts and material culture (A105). These OU level 1 modules develop skills such as logical thinking, clear expression, essay writing and the ability to select and interpret relevant materials. They also offer an introduction to the range of subjects in the arts and humanities.
If you have any doubt about the suitability of the module, please speak to an adviser.
No preparatory work is necessary but, if you would like to do some reading in advance, you might like to look at A World History of Art by Hugh Honour and John Fleming (Laurence King Publishing). Despite its formidable size, this is a very accessible book, and you will find reading some of it provides interesting background for the module. The book is relevant from Part 3 onwards.
Your study is based on three module books, co-published between the OU and Tate Publishing. These are extensively illustrated with full colour plates and incorporate activities. In addition, there are extensive visual and audio resources, supplied on DVDs.
You’ll have access to a module website, which includes:
- a week-by-week study planner
- electronic versions of the printed module materials
- an image gallery of works of art
- online study and assessment guides.
A computing device with a browser and broadband internet access is required for this module. Any modern browser will be suitable for most computer activities. Functionality may be limited on mobile devices.
Any additional software will be provided, or is generally freely available. However, some activities may have more specific requirements. For this reason, you will need to be able to install and run additional software on a device that meets the requirements below.
A desktop or laptop computer with either:
- Windows 7 or higher
- Mac OS X 10.7 or higher
The screen of the device must have a resolution of at least 1024 pixels horizontally and 768 pixels vertically.
To join in the spoken conversation in our online rooms we recommend a headset (headphones or earphones with an integrated microphone).
Our Skills for OU study website has further information including computing skills for study, computer security, acquiring a computer and Microsoft software offers for students.
Materials to buy
- Lymberopolou, A., Bracewell-Homer, P. & Robinson, J. (eds) Art & Visual Culture: A Reader Tate Publishing £18.99 - ISBN 9781849760485