What you will study
The ‘long’ nineteenth century (1789-1914) was an exceptionally vibrant and exciting period in the history of the British Isles. It was the epoch during which the ‘modern’ Britain and Ireland we know and experience today took shape. Bracketed by the French Revolution (1789) and the outbreak of the First World War (1914), this module explores the rapidly-changing social, cultural, political and economic landscapes of the British Isles during the nineteenth century, and investigates both the causes of this dizzying change and its effects on individuals and institutions.
The nineteenth century was, on the one hand, hugely exhilarating. The ‘Industrial Revolution’ fundamentally changed the nature of work and the economy, new ideas of political reform resulted in the involvement of ‘ordinary’ citizens in the government of the country for the first time ever, vast cities grew, national and class identities developed and the global power of the United Kingdom reached a peak. Yet, at the same time, such rapid and fundamental change also bought turbulence and fear. Riots, famine, poverty, conflict (both civil and international) and government repression were all prominent features of the nineteenth century alongside more ‘progressive’ developments.
The module includes the study of historical documents of many kinds from the period itself and also introduces a range of fascinating historical debates.
The module will equip you with:
- an understanding of the ‘long’ nineteenth century as a period when the British Isles experienced unprecedented change
- insight into the nature of modernisation and the ways it changed daily life in the British Isles
- an appreciation of how international trade, migration and cultural exchange shaped events in Britain and Ireland
- an awareness of the development of competing and complementary religious, national and class identities
This module will teach you about the landmark developments of the period such as industrialisation, the growth of cities, campaigns for political reform and the expansion of the British Empire. However, it is not solely concerned with long-term historical changes and big historical processes. You will also study the impact of these new developments on everyday life through, for example, the experience of work in a factory or a day in a workhouse, attending church or visiting the Great Exhibition of 1851.
Throughout, the module also takes an expansive and questioning approach to the history of the British Isles. You will be asked to think about the changing boundaries of the ‘nation’ and the emergence of the United Kingdom as a legal and political entity. You will study the rise of the British Empire and the development of global trade and will explore how ideas and events from overseas helped to shape national and regional history in the British Isles.
You will study the nineteenth century through a wide and interesting array of historical texts and images. From personal accounts of everyday life to official inquiry and parliamentary debate you will explore the different ways that contemporaries described and understood their lives. You will also use prints, cartoons and photographs as well as objects and artefacts as evidence. You will learn how historians build a picture of the past from a multitude of sources and how you can critically interpret narratives about the past by understanding how and why they were created.
Teaching will be organised chronologically across the three printed books and in associated online activities (which include specially commissioned audio-visual materials).
Book 1: Ambition and Anxiety, 1789 to 1840
This book introduces you to a period in which social and economic relations which had been relatively stable for centuries began to unravel as a result of deep shifts in the nature of the economy and political turmoil in Europe. You will study these shifts through the history of the industrial revolution, the growth of cities and the rise of the working class. You will also explore the significance of global connections to British history by tracing the influence of the French Revolution (1789) on political change in Britain, and by considering the links between the Atlantic slave trade and the British economy
Book 2: Confidence and Crisis, 1840 to 1880
Book 2 focuses on the so-called ‘Age of Equipoise’, a period of stability and optimism about the future progress of the nation. You will look at the reasons behind this optimism via consideration of the rise of the middle class, the impact of sanitary reform on cities and the decline of radicalism but you will also see how the roots of further of uncertainty were to be found in the Irish famine, the New Poor Law and the campaign for political rights for working men.
Book 3: Decline and Renewal, 1880 to 1914
The final book considers the late nineteenth and early twentieth century as a period in which change continued but was met with greater uncertainty about its costs and benefits. You will consider mass consumption and politics and the effects this had on working-class life as well as the rise of empire and the impact of imperial culture on the British Isles. Alongside this, you will consider the increasingly divisive nature of the Irish question, the rise of the Labour Party and the women’s movement. You will end the module by looking back at the nineteenth century as a whole to evaluate the extent of change and to consider how the nineteenth century helped shaped the twentieth.
You will learn
As well as providing an appreciation and understanding of a vibrant and exciting period in the history of the British Isles, and equipping you for further historical study, this module will help you develop a range of widely-applicable skills. By working with a variety of historical sources, you will develop your own skills of analysis and argument. You will further develop your skills in critical reading and in written expression, learning how to analyse complex contemporary documents, how to evaluate and participate in debates, and how to express an argument clearly and persuasively in written form. The module will guide you through the rich archive of online documents and information available to all students through The Open University Library, and you will develop your skills in finding and using these resources.