Politics and International Studies (POLIS) at The Open University has an international reputation for research in international relations and global politics. Expertise covers theories of international relations as well as their applications in the Middle East, North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa. POLIS members also supervise students interested in critical engagements with mainstream international relations theory, including constructivism, postcolonialism, post-structuralism, Marxism, cosmopolitanism and accounts of governmentality. The institutional topics covered include global governance, international and regional cooperation, international development cooperation, international organisations, international economic governance as well as transnational activist networks, NGOs, civil society organisations and social movements. Specialist topics include human rights, foreign policy, development cooperation and aid relations, minority rights, aid and refugees, borders and migrant rights, and human security.